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Iron polysaccharide

Generic Name: iron polysaccharide (I urn POL lee SAK ah ride)
Brand Name: Ezfe, Ferrex-150, Hematex, NovaFerrum 50, NovaFerrum Pediatric, Nu-Iron 150, Poly Iron, ProFe, ...show all 17 brand names

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com on Jan 3, 2020 – Written by Cerner Multum

What is iron polysaccharide?

Iron polysaccharide is a form of the mineral iron. Iron is important for many functions in the body, especially for the transport of oxygen in the blood.

Iron polysaccharide is used to prevent and to treat iron deficiencies and iron deficiency anemia.

iron polysaccharide is not for use as a general dietary supplement in people with normal iron levels.

Iron polysaccharide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important Information

You should not take iron polysaccharide if you have hemochromatosis, hemosiderosis, or hemolytic anemia.

Keep this medicine out of the reach of children. An accidental overdose of iron by a child can be fatal.

Before taking this medicine

You should not take iron polysaccharide if you have:

  • hemochromatosis;

  • hemosiderosis; or

  • hemolytic anemia.

Do not give iron polysaccharide to a child without medical advice.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Your dose needs may be different during pregnancy or while you are nursing.

How should I take iron polysaccharide?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.

Take iron polysaccharide on an empty stomach for best results. If stomach upset occurs, take the medicine with food or after a meal.

Measure liquid medicine carefully. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device (not a kitchen spoon).

Read and carefully follow any Instructions for Use provided with your medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you do not understand these instructions.

You will need frequent medical tests.

Do not use this medicine to treat iron deficiency anemia without your doctor's advice. Every person with anemia should remain under the care of a doctor.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Keep this medicine out of the reach of children. An accidental overdose of iron can be fatal to a child.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of iron polysaccharide can be fatal, especially to a child.

Overdose symptoms may include decreased energy, fever, vomiting, stomach pain, tarry stools, weak pulse, fast heart rate, or seizure (convulsions).

What should I avoid while taking iron polysaccharide?

For at least 2 hours before or 2 hours after you take iron polysaccharide, avoid:

  • milk or other dairy products;

  • high-fiber foods (such as whole grains, raw vegetables, or bran);

  • coffee, tea;

  • cola, chocolate; or

  • energy drinks, or other sources of caffeine.

Iron polysaccharide side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • bloody or tarry stools; or

  • severe stomach pain or cramps.

Common side effects may include:

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Iron polysaccharide dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation:

50 mg elemental iron oral capsules: 1 capsule orally once a day


US Recommended Dietary Intake (RDA) for elemental iron:
Male, 18 years: 11 mg daily
Male, 19 years and older: 8 mg daily

Female, 18 years: 15 mg daily
Female, 19 to 50 years: 18 mg daily
Female, 51 years and older: 8 mg daily

Tolerable Upper Intake Level (all genders): 45 mg

Comments:
-Recommended dietary allowances for vegetarians are 1.8 times higher than for meat eaters, as iron from meat is more bioavailable than from plant-based foods.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation:

15 mg elemental iron/mL:
4 years and younger: 15 mg (1 mL) orally once a day

50 mg elemental iron oral capsules:
12 years and older: 1 capsule orally once a day


US Recommended Dietary Intake (RDA) for elemental iron:
0 to 6 months (adequate intake): 0.27 mg per day
7 to 12 months: 11 mg per day
1 to 3 years: 7 mg per day
4 to 8 years: 10 mg per day
9 to 13 years: 8 mg per day
14 to 18 years, male: 11 mg per day
14 to 18 years, female: 15 mg per day

Tolerable Upper Intake Level (all genders), up to 13 years: 40 mg
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (all genders), 14 years and older: 45 mg

Comments:
-Recommended dietary allowances for vegetarians are 1.8 times higher than for meat eaters, as iron from meat is more bioavailable than from plant-based foods.

What other drugs will affect iron polysaccharide?

Some medicines can make iron polysaccharide much less effective when taken at the same time. If you take any of the following medicines, take your iron polysaccharide dose 2 hours before or 2 hours after you take the other medicine:

This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect iron polysaccharide, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.