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Elexacaftor, Tezacaftor, And Ivacaftor

Brand name: Trikafta
Drug class: Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Correctors
VA class: RE000
Chemical name: N-(1,3-dimethylpyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl-6-[3-(3,3,3-trifluoro-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)pyrazol-1-yl]-2-[(4S)-2,2,4-trimethylpyrrolidin-1- yl]pyridine-3-carboxamide
Molecular formula: C26H34F3N7O4SC26H27F3N2O6C24H28N2O3
CAS number: 2216712-66-0

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com on May 23, 2022. Written by ASHP.

Introduction

Combination containing elexacaftor and tezacaftor (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator [CFTR] correctors) and ivacaftor (CFTR potentiator).

Uses for Elexacaftor, Tezacaftor, And Ivacaftor

Cystic Fibrosis

Elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy: Treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients ≥12 years of age who have at least one F508del mutation in the CFTR gene or who have at least one mutation in the CFTR gene that is responsive to the combination drug regimen based on in vitro data.

Designated an orphan drug by FDA for this use.

If patient's genotype unknown, use FDA-approved cystic fibrosis mutation test to confirm presence of at least one F508del mutation or a mutation that is responsive based on in vitro data.

Elexacaftor, Tezacaftor, And Ivacaftor Dosage and Administration

General

Pretreatment Screening

  • Obtain a baseline ophthalmologic examination in pediatric patients.

  • Obtain liver function tests prior to initiation of therapy.

Patient Monitoring

  • Perform follow-up ophthalmologic examinations in pediatric patients.

  • Monitor liver function tests every 3 months during the first year of therapy and annually thereafter.

Other General Considerations

  • Elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy is commercially available as a kit consisting of 4 weekly blister cards of 14 tablets containing 100 mg of elexacaftor in fixed combination with 50 mg of tezacaftor and 75 mg of ivacaftor copackaged with 7 tablets containing 150 mg of single-entity ivacaftor.

Administration

Oral Administration

Administer orally with fat-containing food (e.g., eggs, cheese, nuts, whole milk, meats, food prepared with butter or oils) to increase systemic absorption of the drug.

Swallow tablets whole.

If a dose of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy is missed by ≤6 hours, the dose should be taken as soon as it is remembered and the original dosing schedule should be resumed.

If a morning dose is missed by >6 hours, the dose should be taken as soon as possible and the evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor should be omitted; the morning fixed-combination dose on the following day should be taken at the regularly scheduled time.

If an evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor is missed by >6 hours, the evening dose should be omitted and the next morning fixed-combination dose should be taken at the regularly scheduled time.

Do not take the morning and evening doses at the same time.

Dosage

Available as a kit consisting of 4 weekly blister cards of 14 tablets containing fixed combination tablets of elexacaftor 100 mg, tezacaftor 50 mg, and ivacaftor 75 mg copackaged with 7 tablets containing 150 mg of single-entity ivacaftor.

Pediatric Patients

Cystic Fibrosis
Oral

Children ≥12 years of age: Elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning and ivacaftor 150 mg (1 single-entity tablet) once daily in the evening (approximately 12 hours apart).

Dosage adjustment necessary when used concomitantly with moderate or strong inhibitors of CYP3A.

Adults

Cystic Fibrosis
Oral

Elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning and ivacaftor 150 mg (1 single-entity tablet) once daily in the evening (approximately 12 hours apart).

Dosage adjustment necessary when used concomitantly with moderate or strong inhibitors of CYP3A.

Special Populations

Hepatic Impairment

Mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A): Dosage adjustment not necessary.

Moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B): Elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning on day 1 and elexacaftor 100 mg/tezacaftor 50 mg/ivacaftor 75 mg (1 fixed-combination tablet) once daily in the morning on day 2; thereafter, alternate the day 1 and day 2 dosage. Do not administer evening dose of ivacaftor 150 mg in such patients.

Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C): Use not recommended.

Renal Impairment

Mild to moderate renal impairment: Dosage adjustment not necessary.

Severe renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <30 mL/minute per 1.73 m2) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD): Caution advised.

Geriatric Patients

No specific dosage recommendations at this time.

Cautions for Elexacaftor, Tezacaftor, And Ivacaftor

Contraindications

  • Manufacturer states none known.

Warnings/Precautions

Use of Fixed Combinations

When the fixed combination of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor is used, consider the cautions, precautions, contraindications, and drug interactions associated with each drug.

Hepatic Effects

Elevated aminotransferase (ALT or AST) concentrations reported. Elevated bilirubin concentrations also reported.

Assess serum ALT, AST, and bilirubin concentrations prior to initiation of therapy, every 3 months during the first year of therapy, and annually thereafter. In patients with a history of hepatobiliary disease or liver function test elevations, consider more frequent monitoring. Interrupt therapy in patients with ALT or AST elevations >5 times the ULN or in those with ALT or AST elevations >3 times the ULN when associated with elevated bilirubin concentrations >2 times the ULN; monitor patients closely until abnormalities resolve. Following resolution of liver function test elevations, consider benefits and risks of resuming therapy.

Interactions with CYP3A Inducers

Concomitant use of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy and potent CYP3A inducers (e.g., rifampin, rifabutin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, phenytoin, St. John's wort [Hypericum perforatum]) substantially decreases systemic exposure of ivacaftor and may decrease exposure of elexacaftor and tezacaftor; decreased exposures may reduce therapeutic efficacy. Concomitant use with potent CYP3A inducers not recommended.

Interactions with CYP3A Inhibitors

Concomitant use of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy and strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, fluconazole, erythromycin) increases systemic exposure of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor. Reduce dosage of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy when used concomitantly with moderate or strong CYP3A inhibitors.

Ocular Effects

Ocular lens opacities (not congenital in nature) reported in pediatric patients receiving ivacaftor-containing drug regimens. Although other risk factors were present in some cases (e.g., corticosteroid use, radiation exposure), possible risk attributable to ivacaftor therapy cannot be excluded. Baseline and follow-up ophthalmologic examinations recommended in pediatric patients.

Dermatologic Effects

Rash reported. Risk increased in female patients compared to male patients; risk appears higher in female patients receiving hormonal contraceptives. (See Specific Drugs under Interactions.)

Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Limited data available regarding use of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy or its individual components in pregnant women. Evidence of teratogenicity or adverse effects on fetal development not observed in animals receiving elexacaftor, tezacaftor, or ivacaftor. No animal data available with concomitant use of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor. Placental transfer of elexacaftor and tezacaftor observed in pregnant rats; placental transfer of ivacaftor observed in pregnant rats and rabbits.

Lactation

Distributed into milk in rats; not known whether distributed into human milk. Consider developmental and health benefits of breast-feeding and clinical importance of therapy to the woman when deciding whether to use caution or discontinue nursing. Effects of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor in fixed combination on nursing infants or milk production unknown.

Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy not established in pediatric patients <12 years of age.

Geriatric Use

Clinical trials did not include any patients ≥65 years of age.

Hepatic Impairment

Mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A): Dosage adjustment not necessary. Monitor liver function tests closely.

Moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B): Increased exposure; use with caution and at reduced dosage after weighing risks and benefits of therapy. Monitor liver function tests closely. (See Hepatic Impairment under Dosage and Administration and see Special Populations under Pharmacokinetics.) In a clinical study of 11 subjects with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B), one subject developed total and direct bilirubin elevations >2 times the ULN and one subject developed direct bilirubin elevation >4.5 times the ULN.

Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C): Effect on pharmacokinetics not studied, but increased exposure expected. Use not recommended.

Renal Impairment

Mild or moderate renal impairment: Dosage adjustment not necessary.

Severe renal impairment (GFR <30 mL/minute per 1.73 m2) or ESRD: Use with caution.

Severe Lung Dysfunction

Safety and efficacy in 18 patients with baseline FEV1 <40% of predicted receiving elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy in Trial 1 comparable to overall study population.

Common Adverse Effects

Adverse effects occurring in ≥5% of patients: Headache, upper respiratory tract infection, abdominal pain, diarrhea, rash, increased ALT concentrations, nasal congestion, increased CK concentrations, increased AST concentrations, rhinorrhea, rhinitis, influenza, sinusitis, increased bilirubin concentrations.

Interactions for Elexacaftor, Tezacaftor, And Ivacaftor

Elexacaftor is a substrate of CYP3A isoenzymes (e.g., CYP3A4, 3A5) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) transport. In vitro, elexacaftor has shown low potential to inhibit CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and P-gp. In vitro, elexacaftor and its M23 metabolite inhibit the uptake of organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1 and 1B3.

Tezacaftor is a substrate of CYP3A isoenzymes (e.g., CYP3A4, 3A5), P-gp transport, breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and OATP1B1. In vitro, tezacaftor has shown low potential to inhibit CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, P-gp, BCRP, organic cation transporter (OCT) 2, organic anion transporter (OAT) 1, and OAT3.

Ivacaftor is a sensitive substrate of CYP3A (e.g., CYP3A4, 3A5). In vitro, ivacaftor has shown potential to inhibit CYP3A and P-gp, and also may inhibit CYP2C8 and CYP2C9.

Drugs Affecting or Metabolized by Hepatic Microsomal Enzymes

Strong CYP3A inhibitors: Pharmacokinetic interaction (possible increased elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor exposures). Reduce dosage to elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning twice weekly (approximately 3–4 days apart). Do not administer the evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor 150 mg.

Moderate CYP3A inhibitors: Pharmacokinetic interaction (possible increased elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor exposures). Reduce dosage to elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning on day 1 and ivacaftor 150 mg (1 single-entity tablet) once daily in the morning on day 2; alternate day 1 and day 2 dosages thereafter. Do not administer the evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor 150 mg.

Strong CYP3A inducers: Pharmacokinetic interaction (decreased ivacaftor exposure; decreased elexacaftor and tezacaftor exposure expected). Concomitant use not recommended.

Drugs Affected by P-glycoprotein Transport

P-gp substrates: Pharmacokinetic interaction (possible increased exposure, prolonged therapeutic effect, or increased risk of adverse effects of the substrate drug). Use P-gp substrates with narrow therapeutic index concomitantly with caution; monitor patients appropriately.

Drugs Affected by Organic Anion-transporting Polypeptide 1B1 and 1B3

Substrates of OATP1B1 and 1B3: Pharmacokinetic interaction (possible increased exposure, prolonged therapeutic effect, or increased risk of adverse effects of the substrate drug). Use substrates of these transporters concomitantly with caution; monitor patients appropriately.

Specific Drugs

Drug

Interaction

Comments

Anticonvulsants (carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin)

Possible decreased elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor exposures and reduced efficacy of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor

Concomitant use not recommended

Antidiabetic agents, sulfonylureas (glimepiride, glipizide, glyburide, nateglinide, repaglinide)

Possible increased exposures of glimepiride, glipizide, glyburide, nateglinide, repaglinide

Use concomitantly with caution and monitor patients appropriately

Antifungals, azoles (fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole)

Itraconazole: Concomitant use with tezacaftor/ivacaftor results in 4- and 15.6-fold increased tezacaftor and ivacaftor AUCs, respectively; concomitant use with single doses of elexacaftor and tezacaftor increased AUCs of elexacaftor and tezacaftor by 2.8- and 4- to 4.5-fold, respectively

Ketoconazole: Concomitant use with a single 150-mg dose of ivacaftor results in 8.5-fold increased AUC of ivacaftor

Fluconazole: Concomitant use with ivacaftor results in 2.9-fold increased AUC of ivacaftor; concomitant use with elexacaftor and tezacaftor may increase AUCs of elexacaftor and tezacaftor by 1.9- to 2.3- and 2.1-fold, respectively

Itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole: Reduce dosage to elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning twice weekly (approximately 3–4 days apart); do not administer evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor 150 mg

Fluconazole: Reduce dosage to elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning on day 1 and ivacaftor 150 mg (1 single-entity tablet) once daily in the morning on day 2, then continue alternating day 1 and day 2 dosages; do not administer evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor 150 mg

Anti-infective agents, macrolides (clarithromycin, erythromycin)

Possible increased elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor exposures

Clarithromycin, telithromycin: Reduce dosage to elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning twice weekly (approximately 3–4 days apart); do not administer evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor 150 mg

Erythromycin: Reduce dosage to elexacaftor 200 mg/tezacaftor 100 mg/ivacaftor 150 mg (2 fixed-combination tablets) once daily in the morning on day 1 and ivacaftor 150 mg (1 single-entity tablet) once daily in the morning on day 2, then continue alternating day 1 and day 2 dosages; do not administer evening dose of single-entity ivacaftor 150 mg

Antilipemic agents, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (i.e., statins)

Possible increased statin exposure

Use concomitantly with caution and monitor patients appropriately

Antimycobacterials (rifabutin, rifampin)

Rifabutin: Possible decreased elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor exposures and reduced efficacy of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor

Rifampin: Decreased ivacaftor exposure by 89%, and decreased elexacaftor and tezacaftor exposure also expected; possible reduced efficacy of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor

Concomitant use not recommended

Ciprofloxacin

No clinically important effect on elexacaftor, tezacaftor, or ivacaftor exposures expected

Dosage adjustment not needed

Digoxin

Increased digoxin exposure; possible prolonged therapeutic effect of digoxin or increased risk of digoxin-associated adverse effects

Use concomitantly with caution and appropriately monitor

Estrogens and progestins

Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel: No substantial effect on exposures of ethinyl estradiol or levonorgestrel

Hormonal contraceptives: Concomitant use not expected to affect efficacy of hormonal contraceptives

Concomitant hormonal contraceptives may play role in rash associated with elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor therapy

Consider interruption of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor in patients receiving hormonal contraceptives who develop a rash; once rash resolved, consider resuming elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor without the hormonal contraceptive; if rash does not recur, consider resuming hormonal contraceptive

Grapefruit or grapefruit juice

Possible increased elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor exposures

Avoid concomitant use

Immunosuppressants (cyclosporine, everolimus, sirolimus, tacrolimus)

Possible increased immunosuppressant exposures, prolonged therapeutic effect, or increased risk of immunosuppressant-associated adverse effects

Use concomitantly with caution; monitor patients appropriately

St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)

Possible decreased elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor exposures and reduced efficacy of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor

Concomitant use not recommended

Warfarin

Possible increased warfarin exposure

Monitor INR and adjust warfarin dose if needed

Elexacaftor, Tezacaftor, And Ivacaftor Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Bioavailability

Elexacaftor: Absolute bioavailability 80%.

Tezacaftor and ivacaftor: Oral bioavailability not determined.

Peak plasma concentrations of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor achieved approximately 6, 3, and 4 hours, respectively, following oral administration in the fed state.

Systemic exposure increases with accumulation ratio of approximately 2.2, 2.1, and 2.4 for elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor, respectively.

Steady-state concentrations of elexacaftor (once daily), tezacaftor (once daily), and ivacaftor (twice daily) achieved within 7, 8, and 3–5 days, respectively.

Food

Administration of single dose of fixed combination elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor with fat-containing food resulted in systemic exposures of elexacaftor and ivacaftor about 1.9- to 2.5-fold and 2.5- to 4-fold, respectively, higher when compared with administration in fasting state; systemic exposures of tezacaftor similar to those observed with administration in fasting state.

Special Populations

Mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A): Effect on pharmacokinetics not studied.

Moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B): Increases in AUCs of 25, 73, and 36% and in peak plasma concentrations of 12, 70, and 24% for elexacaftor, the active M23 metabolite of elexacaftor, and elexacaftor and the active M23 metabolite of elexacaftor combined, respectively. A 1.5-fold increase in AUC and a 10% increase in peak plasma concentrations reported for ivacaftor; tezacaftor AUC increases by 20%, and tezacaftor peak plasma concentrations not affected.

Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C): Effect on pharmacokinetics not studied. Systemic exposures expected to be higher than that observed in patients with moderate hepatic impairment.

Renal impairment: Not studied in patients with severe renal impairment or in those with ESRD. Population pharmacokinetic data indicate that mild or moderate renal impairment does not substantially affect the clearance of elexacaftor or tezacaftor. Renal excretion of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor is minimal.

Pediatric patients 12 to <18 years of age: Based on population pharmacokinetic analyses, exposures of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor similar to those observed in adults.

Distribution

Extent

Distributed into milk in rats; not known whether distributed into human milk.

Plasma Protein Binding

Elexacaftor: >99% (mainly albumin).

Tezacaftor: Approximately 99% (mainly albumin).

Ivacaftor: Approximately 99% (mainly α1-acid glycoprotein, albumin, human γ-globulin).

Elimination

Metabolism

Elexacaftor: Extensively metabolized principally by CYP3A4 and 3A5 to metabolites including M23, which has similar potency to the parent drug.

Tezacaftor: Extensively metabolized principally by CYP3A4 and 3A5 to metabolites including M1, which has similar potency to the parent drug.

Ivacaftor: Extensively metabolized principally by CYP3A4 and 3A5 to metabolites including M1, which has approximately one-sixth the potency of ivacaftor.

Elimination Route

Elexacaftor: Mainly excreted unchanged in feces (87.3%, primarily as metabolites); 0.23% excreted in urine.

Tezacaftor: Mainly excreted unchanged in feces (72% as unchanged drug or M2 metabolite); 14% excreted in urine (0.79% unchanged).

Ivacaftor: Mainly excreted in feces (87.8%); 6.6% excreted in urine.

Half-life

Elexacaftor: 27.4 hours (effective) and 24.7 hours (terminal) in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Tezacaftor: 25.1 hours (effective) and 60.3 hours (terminal) in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Ivacaftor: 15 hours (effective) and 13.1 hours (terminal) in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Stability

Storage

Oral

Tablets

20–25°C (excursions permitted between 15–30°C).

Actions

  • Elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy contains 3 drugs acting directly on CFTR protein, a chloride channel present at epithelial cell surface in multiple organs involved in salt and fluid transport. Elexacaftor and tezacaftor are CFTR correctors; ivacaftor is a CFTR potentiator.

  • Mutations in the gene encoding CFTR affect quantity or function of this protein at the cell surface resulting in cystic fibrosis.

  • Elexacaftor and tezacaftor bind to different sites on the CFTR protein and have an additive effect in facilitating the cellular processing and trafficking of select mutant forms of CFTR (including F508del-CFTR) to increase the amount of CFTR protein delivered to the cell surface.

  • Ivacaftor facilitates increased chloride transport by potentiating the probability of channel opening (or gating) of the CFTR protein at the cell surface.

  • Combined effect of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, and ivacaftor increases quantity and function of CFTR at cell surface, resulting in increased chloride transport.

  • In clinical studies, elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy improved lung function and decreased sweat chloride concentrations in patients homozygous or heterozygous for F508del mutation.

Advice to Patients

  • Importance of advising patients to read the manufacturer's patient information.

  • Importance of taking elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy with fat-containing food (e.g., eggs, butter, peanut butter, whole milk dairy products) to increase systemic absorption of the drug.

  • Importance of advising patients to swallow tablets whole.

  • Importance of advising patients to avoid food or drink containing grapefruit while receiving elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy.

  • If a dose of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy is missed by ≤6 hours, take the dose with fat-containing food as soon as it is remembered. If a morning dose is missed by >6 hours, take the dose as soon as possible and omit the evening dose; take the morning dose on the following day at the regularly scheduled time. If an evening dose is missed by >6 hours, omit the evening dose and take the next morning dose at the regularly scheduled time. Never take the morning and evening doses together at the same time.

  • Importance of considering risks and benefits of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy in patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B) prior to initiating therapy; importance of dosage reduction in such patients. Importance of closely monitoring liver function tests in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. Importance of avoiding use in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C).

  • Risk of elevated liver function test results. Importance of monitoring liver function tests prior to initiation of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy, every 3 months during the first year of therapy, and annually thereafter. More frequent monitoring may be necessary in patients with a history of hepatobiliary disease or liver function test elevations.

  • Ocular lens opacities (cataracts) observed in some pediatric patients. Importance of baseline and follow-up ophthalmologic examinations in pediatric patients receiving elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy.

  • May cause dizziness. Importance of advising patients to avoid activities requiring alertness, including driving or operating machinery, until effects are known.

  • Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements, as well as any concomitant illnesses (e.g., hepatic impairment). Concomitant use of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy with CYP3A inhibitors and inducers requires particular attention.

  • Importance of women informing clinicians if they are or plan to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed.

  • Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information. (See Cautions.)

Preparations

Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.

Please refer to the ASHP Drug Shortages Resource Center for information on shortages of one or more of these preparations.

The fixed combination of elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor can only be obtained through select specialty pharmacies and distributors.

Elexacaftor, Tezacaftor, and Ivacaftor

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

Kit

Elexacaftor 100 mg, Tezacaftor 50 mg, and Ivacaftor 75 mg (56 film-coated tablets); Ivacaftor 150 mg (28 film-coated tablets)

Trikafta (available as blister cards containing 14 fixed-combination tablets and 7 single-entity tablets)

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated

AHFS DI Essentials™. © Copyright 2022, Selected Revisions May 23, 2022. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 4500 East-West Highway, Suite 900, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.

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