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What is bromazepam used for?

Medically reviewed by Leigh Ann Anderson, PharmD. Last updated on Feb 13, 2023.

Official answer

by Drugs.com
  • Bromazepam is a benzodiazepine used for the short-term treatment of severe anxiety or panic attacks in adults. Bromazepam is NOT available in the United States, but many other benzodiazepines to treat anxiety or panic attacks are approved by the FDA.
  • Bromazepam is no longer available in the UK or in Canada, but it may be found in other countries around the world.
  • It is often used short-term to provide relief of anxiety symptoms while other treatments, such as antidepressants, take effect. In laboratory animals, it has shown anti–anxiety, sedative, muscle relaxant and anticonvulsant properties.

If you are 65 years or older, talk to your doctor before starting bromazepam as you may experience more side effects and need a lower dose. This medicine may not be approved for use in children less than 18 years of age in certain countries. Check with your doctor.

What are other common names for bromazepam?

Note: The following listings DO NOT mean that these products are still available or approved in these countries.

Common foreign generic names for bromazepam include:

  • bromazepamum (Latin)
  • bromazepam (common in many countries)
  • bromazépam (French)
  • bromacepam (Spanish)

What are some foreign brand names for bromazepam?

  • Adonil (Pakistan)
  • Akamon (Jordan, Malta, Malaysia, Taiwan, Turkey)
  • Amant (Cyprus)
  • Amzee (Pakistan)
  • Ancotil (Bangladesh)
  • Aneurit (Paraguay)
  • Anxirel (Bangladesh)
  • Anxit (Pakistan)
  • Anxolite (Pakistan)
  • Anxyrex (Lebanon)
  • Apobran (Mexico)
  • Apo-Bromazepam (Canada)
  • Atemperator (Argentina)
  • Brazepam (South Africa)
  • Benzu (Taiwan)
  • Biorgan B [+ Trimebutine] (Argentina)
  • Brazepam (South Africa)
  • Bromatop (Belgium)
  • Bromazanil (Germany)
  • Bromazin (Tawain)
  • Bromazepam (Austria, Chile, Italy, France, Germany, Guatemala, Malta, Netherlands, Paraguay, Romania, Spain, Venezuela)
  • Bromazépam (France)
  • Bromidem (Luxumborg)
  • Bromam (Denmark, Luxumborg)
  • Bromaze (South Africa)
  • Bromazepam EG (Luxembourg)
  • Bromazin (Taiwan)
  • Bropam (Bangladesh)
  • Bromazepam Neuronica (Paraguay)
  • Bromazepam Pensa (Spain, Italy)
  • Bromazepam Pharmakern (Spain, Portugal)
  • Bromazepam PHS (Uruguay
  • Calmepam (Egypt)
  • Creosedin (Argentina)
  • Finaten (Argentenia)
  • Lekotam (Croatia, Slovenia)
  • Lexaurin (Czech Republic)
  • Lexavrin (Slovakia)
  • Lexilium (Cyprus, Croatia)
  • Lexomil (France)
  • Lexopam (Jordan);
  • Lexotan (Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Denmark, Ecuador, Hong Kong, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland,
  • Portugal, Singapore, Taiwan, Uruguay, Vietnam, South Africa)
  • Lexotanil (Austria, Switzerland)
  • Lexotanol (Estonia)
  • Lexzepam (Indonesia)
  • Nervan (Venezuela)
  • Notorium (Malta)
  • Octanyl (Argentina, Columbia, Uruguay)
  • Otedram (Mexico)
  • Quietiline (France)
  • Rem (Bangladesh)
  • Sedam (Poland)
  • Seniran (Japan)
  • Somalium (Brazil)
  • Tredum (Paraguay)
  • Zepam (Bangladesh)

Products may not always be reliable, safe or available in every foreign country listed. Some products may have been discontinued by foreign manufacturers, and this list may be incomplete. Use extreme caution if you are purchasing any medicine over Internet, either domestic or international.

How is bromazepam given?

  • Bromazepam is given as an oral tablet. The usual dose of bromazepam is 6 to 18 mg per day given in equally divided doses for one week. The optimal dosage range is 6 to 30 mg per day.
  • Lower doses, such as 3 mg/day in divided doses, may be needed for debilitated or older patients.
  • Regular assessment by your doctor is needed to determine if you should continue this medicine, as it can lead to dependence and addiction.

Do not stop this medicine abruptly unless your healthcare provider tells you to. It is best to slowly stop this medicine by 20% to 25% of the dose every 1 to 2 weeks to help prevent withdrawal symptoms and rebound of your symptoms. Your doctor will tell you how to do this.

Tell your doctor right away if you experience any symptoms of withdrawal after changing or stopping your treatment. Your risk of going through withdrawal is higher if you are taking bromazepam for a long time or at high doses.

Withdrawal symptoms can be mild, serious or deadly, and may include:

  • feeling like you cannot move or respond (catatonia)
  • severe confusion, shivering, irregular heartbeat and excessive sweating (delirium tremens)
  • feeling depressed
  • feeling disconnected from reality (dissociation)
  • seeing or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations)
  • overactive behavior and thoughts (mania)
  • believing in things that are not true (psychosis)
  • convulsions (seizures), including some that do not stop
  • thoughts or actions of suicide

The most common side effects of this medicine are: feeling drowsy or tired, especially at the start of treatment, loss of some muscle coordination, dizziness.

Who should not use bromazepam?

You should not use this medicine if you have:

  • allergies to this drug or other benzodiazepines (for example: diazepam, alprazolam, lorazepam) or to any ingredient in the medicine.
  • myasthenia gravis
  • severe liver condition
  • severe respiratory insufficiency
  • sleep apnea or lung disease
  • glaucoma

Bromazepam is also associated with serious warnings and precautions. It can lead to abuse, misuse, addiction, physical dependence and withdrawal. Abuse and misuse can lead to overdose or death, especially if you take this medicine with opioids, alcohol or illicit drugs.

Taking bromazepam with opioid medicines can cause: severe drowsiness, decreased awareness, breathing problems, coma, or death. Do not drink alcohol with this medicine.

Before you take any benzodiazepine, tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Bromazepam may harm your unborn baby. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant while taking this medicine.

Also tell your healthcare provider if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Benzodiazepines can pass into breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide how you will feed your baby while you take this medicine.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Do not start or stop other medicines without talking to your healthcare provider. Important and possibly serious drug interactions are possible with this medicine.

This is not all the information you need to know about bromazepam for safe and effective use and does not take the place of your doctor’s directions. Directions for medical use of medicines may differ among countries. Review the full bromazepam information and discuss its use with your health care provider before you take it. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product.

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