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Drug Interaction Report

Drug interactions for the following 3 drug(s):

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bupropion
cetirizine
clonazepam

Interactions between your drugs

Moderate

buPROPion clonazePAM

Applies to: bupropion, clonazepam

MONITOR: Excessive use or abrupt discontinuation of benzodiazepines and other sedatives after chronic ingestion may precipitate seizures in patients receiving bupropion. Conversely, bupropion may antagonize the central pharmacologic effects of sedatives. Bupropion can cause agitation, anxiety, and insomnia and has been shown to decrease the sedative effect of diazepam in healthy volunteers given single doses of the drugs.

MANAGEMENT: Although sedatives may be prescribed to treat agitation, anxiety, and insomnia associated with bupropion use, patients should be alerted to the possibility of an increased risk of seizures during excessive exposure to these drugs. Patients should not attempt to alter the dosages or discontinue the medications on their own without consulting with their physician. The use of bupropion is contraindicated in patients undergoing abrupt discontinuation of sedatives.

References

  1. James WA, Lippmann S "Bupropion: overview and prescribing guidelines in depression." South Med J 84 (1991): 222-4
  2. "Product Information. Wellbutrin (bupropion)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  3. Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, eds. "Goodman and Gilman's the Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 8th ed." New York, NY: Pergamon Press Inc. (1990):
  4. Hamilton MJ, Bush M, Smith P, Peck AW "The effects of bupropion, a new antidepressant drug, and diazepam, and their interaction in man." Br J Clin Pharmacol 14 (1982): 791-7
View all 4 references

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Moderate

buPROPion cetirizine

Applies to: bupropion, cetirizine

MONITOR: Concurrent use of cetirizine or levocetirizine with alcohol or other agents that exhibit central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects may result in additive impairment of mental alertness and performance. Several studies have shown no effect of racemic cetirizine on cognitive function, motor performance, or sleep latency as indicated by objective measurements. However, there have been reports of somnolence, fatigue, and asthenia in some patients treated with cetirizine or levocetirizine in clinical trials.

MANAGEMENT: Concomitant use of cetirizine or levocetirizine with alcohol or other CNS depressants should generally be avoided if possible. In the event that they are used together, patients should be counseled to avoid hazardous activities requiring mental alertness and motor coordination until they know how these agents affect them, and to notify their physician if they experience excessive or prolonged CNS effects that interfere with their normal activities.

References

  1. "Product Information. Zyrtec (cetirizine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. "Product Information. Xyzal (levocetirizine)." UCB Pharma Inc, Smyrna, GA.

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Moderate

clonazePAM cetirizine

Applies to: clonazepam, cetirizine

MONITOR: Concurrent use of cetirizine or levocetirizine with alcohol or other agents that exhibit central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects may result in additive impairment of mental alertness and performance. Several studies have shown no effect of racemic cetirizine on cognitive function, motor performance, or sleep latency as indicated by objective measurements. However, there have been reports of somnolence, fatigue, and asthenia in some patients treated with cetirizine or levocetirizine in clinical trials.

MANAGEMENT: Concomitant use of cetirizine or levocetirizine with alcohol or other CNS depressants should generally be avoided if possible. In the event that they are used together, patients should be counseled to avoid hazardous activities requiring mental alertness and motor coordination until they know how these agents affect them, and to notify their physician if they experience excessive or prolonged CNS effects that interfere with their normal activities.

References

  1. "Product Information. Zyrtec (cetirizine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. "Product Information. Xyzal (levocetirizine)." UCB Pharma Inc, Smyrna, GA.

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No other interactions were found between your selected drugs.
Note: this does not necessarily mean no interactions exist. Always consult with your doctor or pharmacist.

Other drug and disease interactions

Drug and food interactions

Moderate

buPROPion food

Applies to: bupropion

GENERALLY AVOID: Excessive use or abrupt discontinuation of alcohol after chronic ingestion may precipitate seizures in patients receiving bupropion. Additionally, there have been rare postmarketing reports of adverse neuropsychiatric events or reduced alcohol tolerance in patients who drank alcohol during treatment with bupropion. According to one forensic report, a patient died after taking large doses of both bupropion and alcohol. It is uncertain whether a drug interaction was involved. Single-dose studies in healthy volunteers given bupropion and alcohol failed to demonstrate either a significant pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic interaction.

MANAGEMENT: The manufacturer recommends that alcohol consumption be minimized or avoided during bupropion treatment. The use of bupropion is contraindicated in patients undergoing abrupt discontinuation of alcohol.

References

  1. "Product Information. Wellbutrin (bupropion)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. Posner J, Bye A, Jeal S, Peck AW, Whiteman P "Alcohol and bupropion pharmacokinetics in healthy male volunteers." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 26 (1984): 627-30
  3. Hamilton MJ, Bush MS, Peck AW "The effect of bupropion, a new antidepressant drug, and alcohol and their interaction in man." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 27 (1984): 75-80
  4. Ramcharitar V, Levine BS, Goldberger BA, Caplan YH "Bupropion and alcohol fatal intoxication: case report." Forensic Sci Int 56 (1992): 151-6
View all 4 references

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Moderate

cetirizine food

Applies to: cetirizine

GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may potentiate some of the pharmacologic effects of CNS-active agents. Use in combination may result in additive central nervous system depression and/or impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills.

MANAGEMENT: Patients receiving CNS-active agents should be warned of this interaction and advised to avoid or limit consumption of alcohol. Ambulatory patients should be counseled to avoid hazardous activities requiring complete mental alertness and motor coordination until they know how these agents affect them, and to notify their physician if they experience excessive or prolonged CNS effects that interfere with their normal activities.

References

  1. Warrington SJ, Ankier SI, Turner P "Evaluation of possible interactions between ethanol and trazodone or amitriptyline." Neuropsychobiology 15 (1986): 31-7
  2. "Product Information. Fycompa (perampanel)." Eisai Inc, Teaneck, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Rexulti (brexpiprazole)." Otsuka American Pharmaceuticals Inc, Rockville, MD.
  4. Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, eds. "Goodman and Gilman's the Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 8th ed." New York, NY: Pergamon Press Inc. (1990):
View all 4 references

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Therapeutic duplication warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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