Naloxone / oxycodone and Alcohol / Food Interactions
There are 2 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with naloxone / oxycodone which include:
oxyCODONE ↔ food
Major Food Interaction
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may potentiate the central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects of opioid analgesics including oxycodone. Concomitant use may result in additive CNS depression and impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills. In more severe cases, hypotension, respiratory depression, profound sedation, coma, or even death may occur.
GENERALLY AVOID: Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of oxycodone. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated metabolism of oxycodone by certain compounds present in grapefruit, resulting in decreased formation of metabolites noroxycodone and noroxymorphone and increased formation of oxymorphone due to a presumed shifting of oxycodone metabolism towards the CYP450 2D6-mediated route. In 12 healthy, nonsmoking volunteers, administration of a single 10 mg oral dose of oxycodone hydrochloride on day 4 of a grapefruit juice treatment phase (200 mL three times a day for 5 days) increased mean oxycodone peak plasma concentration (Cmax), systemic exposure (AUC) and half-life by 48%, 67% and 17% (from 3.5 to 4.1 hours), respectively, compared to administration during an equivalent water treatment phase. Grapefruit juice also decreased the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio of noroxycodone by 44% and that of noroxymorphone by 45%. In addition, oxymorphone Cmax and AUC increased by 32% and 56%, but the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio remained unchanged. Pharmacodynamic changes were modest and only self-reported performance was significantly impaired after grapefruit juice. Analgesic effects were not affected.
MANAGEMENT: Patients should not consume alcoholic beverages or use drug products that contain alcohol during treatment with oxycodone. Any history of alcohol or illicit drug use should be considered when prescribing oxycodone, and therapy initiated at a lower dosage if necessary. Patients should be closely monitored for signs and symptoms of sedation, respiratory depression, and hypotension. Due to a high degree of interpatient variability with respect to grapefruit juice interactions, patients treated with oxycodone may also want to avoid or limit the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice.
- Nieminen TH, Hagelberg NM, Saari TI, et al "Grapefruit juice enhances the exposure to oral oxycodone." Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 107 (2010): 782-8
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility
naloxone - CV disorders
Therapy with naloxone in patients with preexisting cardiovascular disorders should be closely monitored for hypotension, hypertension, ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, and pulmonary edema in an appropriate healthcare setting. Clinical monitoring of cardiovascular status is recommended.
naloxone / oxycodone drug Interactions
There are 898 drug interactions with naloxone / oxycodone
naloxone / oxycodone disease Interactions
There are 21 disease interactions with naloxone / oxycodone which include:
- Cv Disorders
- Impaired Gi Motility
- Infectious Diarrhea
- Liver Disease
- Renal Dysfunction
- Acute Alcohol Intoxication
- Drug Dependence
- Intracranial Pressure
- Respiratory Depression
- Gastrointestinal Obstruction
- Liver Disease
- Septic Shock
- Adrenal Insufficiency
- Biliary Spasm
- Seizure Disorders
- Urinary Retention
Drug Interaction Classification
|Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
|No information available.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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