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Dextromethorphan / quinidine and Alcohol/Food Interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with dextromethorphan / quinidine which include:

Major

quiNIDine Alcohol (Ethanol)

Major Drug Interaction

Using dextromethorphan together with quiNIDine may increase the effects of dextromethorphan. Contact your doctor if you experience difficulty breathing, dizziness, drowsiness, anxiety, restless feeling, nervousness, confusion, or diarrhea. If your doctor does prescribe these medications together, you may need a dose adjustment or special test to safely use both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

dextromethorphan Alcohol (Ethanol)

Moderate Drug Interaction

Using dextromethorphan together with ethanol can increase nervous system side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with dextromethorphan. Do not use more than the recommended dose of dextromethorphan, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medication without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

quiNIDine food

Moderate Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: In a small, randomized, crossover study, the administration of quinidine with grapefruit juice (compared to water) to healthy volunteers significantly prolonged the time to reach peak plasma quinidine concentrations and decreased the plasma concentrations of its major metabolite, 3-hydroxyquinidine. These changes were associated pharmacodynamically with both a delay and a reduction in the maximal effect on QTc interval. The proposed mechanism is delay of gastric emptying as well as inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism in the gut wall induced by certain compounds present in grapefruits.

MANAGEMENT: Given the drug's narrow therapeutic index, patients receiving quinidine therapy should avoid the consumption of grapefruits and grapefruit juice to prevent any undue fluctuations in plasma drug levels.

References

  1. Ace LN, Jaffe JM, Kunka RL "Effect of food and an antacid on quinidine bioavailability." Biopharm Drug Dispos 4 (1983): 183-90
  2. Min DI, Ku YM, Geraets DR, Lee HC "Effect of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of quinidine in healthy volunteers." J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1996): 469-76
  3. Bailey DG, Dresser GR, Kreeft JH, Munoz C, Freeman DJ, Bend JR "Grapefruit-felodipine interaction: Effect of unprocessed fruit and probable active ingredients." Clin Pharmacol Ther 68 (2000): 468-77
  4. Ha HR, Chen J, Leuenberger PM, Freiburghaus AU, Follah F "In vitro inhibition of midazolam and quinidine metabolism by flavonoids." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 48 (1995): 367-71
View all 4 references

Dextromethorphan / quinidine drug interactions

There are 688 drug interactions with dextromethorphan / quinidine

Dextromethorphan / quinidine disease interactions

There are 8 disease interactions with dextromethorphan / quinidine which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.