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Dasabuvir / ombitasvir / paritaprevir / ritonavir and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with dasabuvir / ombitasvir / paritaprevir / ritonavir which include:

Moderate

ritonavir ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

ADJUST DOSING INTERVAL: Administration with food may modestly affect the bioavailability of ritonavir from the various available formulations. When the oral solution was given under nonfasting conditions, peak ritonavir concentrations decreased 23% and the extent of absorption decreased 7% relative to fasting conditions. Dilution of the oral solution (within one hour of dosing) with 240 mL of chocolate milk or a nutritional supplement (Advera or Ensure) did not significantly affect the extent and rate of ritonavir absorption. When a single 100 mg dose of the tablet was administered with a high-fat meal (907 kcal; 52% fat, 15% protein, 33% carbohydrates), approximately 20% decreases in mean peak concentration (Cmax) and systemic exposure (AUC) were observed relative to administration after fasting. Similar decreases in Cmax and AUC were reported when the tablet was administered with a moderate-fat meal. In contrast, the extent of absorption of ritonavir from the soft gelatin capsule formulation was 13% higher when administered with a meal (615 KCal; 14.5% fat, 9% protein, and 76% carbohydrate) relative to fasting.

MANAGEMENT: Ritonavir should be taken with meals to enhance gastrointestinal tolerability.

References

  1. "Product Information. Norvir (ritonavir)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
Moderate

paritaprevir ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

ADJUST DOSING INTERVAL: Food enhances the oral bioavailability of ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir. Relative to fasting conditions, administration of ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir with a moderate-fat meal (approximately 600 Kcal; 20% to 30% calories from fat) increased the mean systemic exposure (AUC) by 82%, 211%, 49%, and 30%, respectively. Relative to fasting conditions, administration of ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir with a high-fat meal (approximately 900 Kcal; with 60% calories from fat) increased the mean AUC by 76%, 180%, 44%, and 22%, respectively.

MANAGEMENT: Ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir plus dasabuvir should always be administered with a meal. The fat or calorie content does not matter.

References

  1. "Product Information. Viekira Pak (dasabuvir/ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir)." AbbVie US LLC, North Chicago, IL.
Moderate

High Cholesterol (Hyperlipoproteinemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Sitosterolemia)

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

PIs - hyperlipidemia

Hyperlipidemia have been observed in 10% of patients receiving ritonavir during clinical trials. Increases of 30% to 40% from baseline have been reported for total cholesterol and 200% to 300% or more for triglycerides. These effects have also been reported during postmarketing experience with other protease inhibitors (PIs) but may be the most dramatic with ritonavir. The clinical significance of these elevations is unclear. Severe hyperlipidemia is known to sometimes cause pancreatitis. In addition, some patients have reportedly developed symptomatic atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease after initiating PI treatment. Patients with preexisting hyperlipidemia may require closer monitoring during PI therapy, and adjustments made accordingly in their lipid-lowering regimen. PI therapy should be administered cautiously in patients with coronary artery disease or a history of ischemic heart disease.

References

  1. "Product Information. Lexiva (fosamprenavir)." GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. "Product Information. Agenerase (amprenavir)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Pk, NC.
  3. "Product Information. Invirase (saquinavir)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
View all 19 references

dasabuvir / ombitasvir / paritaprevir / ritonavir drug Interactions

There are 824 drug interactions with dasabuvir / ombitasvir / paritaprevir / ritonavir

dasabuvir / ombitasvir / paritaprevir / ritonavir disease Interactions

There are 4 disease interactions with dasabuvir / ombitasvir / paritaprevir / ritonavir which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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