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Bupivacaine / hydromorphone and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food/lifestyle interaction with bupivacaine / hydromorphone:

Major

HYDROmorphone ↔ food

Major Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may potentiate the central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects of opioid analgesics including hydromorphone. Concomitant use may result in additive CNS depression and impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills. In more severe cases, hypotension, respiratory depression, profound sedation, coma, or even death may occur.

GENERALLY AVOID: Consumption of alcohol while taking sustained-release formulations of hydromorphone may cause rapid release of the drug, resulting in high systemic levels of hydromorphone that may be potentially lethal even in opioid-tolerant patients. Alcohol appears to disrupt the extended release mechanism, causing 'dose-dumping' into the bloodstream. In 48 healthy volunteers, coadministration of a 12 mg dose of sustained-release hydromorphone with 240 mL of 40% (80 proof) alcohol resulted in a mean peak hydromorphone concentration (Cmax) approximately six times greater than when taken with water. One subject had a 16-fold increase in hydromorphone Cmax with 40% alcohol compared to water. In some subjects, coadministration with 8 ounces of 4% alcohol (equivalent to 2/3 of a typical serving of beer) resulted in almost twice the hydromorphone Cmax than when coadministered with water. The effect of alcohol was more pronounced in a fasted state.

MANAGEMENT: Patients taking sustained-release formulations of hydromorphone should not consume alcohol or use medications that contain alcohol on days of hydromorphone dosing. In general, potent narcotics such as hydromorphone should not be combined with alcohol.

References

  1. Levine B, Saady J, Fierro M, Valentour J "A hydromorphone and ethanol fatality." J Forensic Sci 29 (1984): 655-9
  2. FDA. U.S. Food and Drug Administration "Healthcare Professional Sheet. FDA Alert [07/2005]: alcohol-palladone interaction. Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/medwatch/SAFETY/2005/safety05.htm#Palladone." ([2005 July 13]):
  3. "Product Information. Dilaudid (hydromorphone)." Knoll Pharmaceutical Company, Whippany, NJ.

bupivacaine / hydromorphone drug Interactions

There are 746 drug interactions with bupivacaine / hydromorphone

bupivacaine / hydromorphone disease Interactions

There are 16 disease interactions with bupivacaine / hydromorphone which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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