Ponesimod Disease Interactions
There are 7 disease interactions with ponesimod:
Ponesimod (Includes ponesimod) arrhythmia
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Heart Disease, Hypertension, Arrhythmias, Sleep Apnea, Syncope
The use of ponesimod may result in a transient decrease in heart rate and atrioventricular (AV) conduction delays, especially during treatment initiation. This drug is not recommended in patients with a history of cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular disease (e.g., TIA, stroke occurring more than 6 months prior to treatment initiation), uncontrolled hypertension, or severe untreated sleep apnea, since significant bradycardia may be poorly tolerated in these patients. The use of this drug in patients with a history of recurrent syncope or symptomatic bradycardia should be based on an overall benefit-risk assessment. Obtain an ECG in all patients to determine whether preexisting conduction abnormalities are present and consult a cardiologist if appropriate. Monitor closely patients taking concurrent therapy with drugs that decrease heart rate (e.g., beta-blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, and other drugs that may decrease heart rate).
Ponesimod (Includes ponesimod) hypertension
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Hypertension
The use of ponesimod may result in increased blood pressure. Care should be exercised when using this drug in hypertensive patients and those at risk for hypertension. It is recommended to monitor blood pressure during treatment and manage it according to clinical practices.
Ponesimod (Includes ponesimod) infections
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Infection - Bacterial/Fungal/Protozoal/Viral
The use of ponesimod may increase the risk of infections, and some serious infections with opportunistic pathogens including viruses have been reported. Prior to treatment, a recent CBC (i.e., within 6 months or after discontinuation of prior therapy) should be available. It is recommended to delay treatment initiation in patients with an active infection until complete resolution. Consider withholding treatment if a patient develops a serious infection, and reassess the benefits and risks prior to reinitiating therapy.
Ponesimod (Includes ponesimod) liver dysfunction
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Liver Disease
The use of this drug may increase liver transaminases. Ponesimod is not recommended in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B and C). No dosage adjustment is necessary for patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A). Patients should have liver enzymes checked if they develop symptoms suggestive of hepatic dysfunction, such as unexplained nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, anorexia, a rash with eosinophilia, or jaundice and/or dark urine during treatment. Obtain transaminase and bilirubin levels, if not recently available (i.e., within the last 6 months) before treatment initiation. Treatment should be discontinued if significant liver injury is confirmed.
Ponesimod (Includes ponesimod) macular edema
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Macular Edema, Diabetes Mellitus, Uveitis
Macular edema has been reported with the use of ponesimod. Care should be exercised when using this drug in patients with a history of uveitis and patients with diabetes mellitus as these patients are at increased risk for macular edema. Before starting treatment with ponesimod, an ophthalmic evaluation of the fundus, including the macula, is recommended in all patients and at any time if vision change is reported during treatment. Patients with a history of uveitis and patients with diabetes mellitus should have regular follow-up examinations of the fundus, including the macula during treatment. Continuation of therapy in patients with macular edema has not been evaluated, therefore, a decision on whether or not to discontinue treatment needs to take into account the potential benefits and risks for the individual patients.
Ponesimod (Includes ponesimod) pulmonary impairment
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Pulmonary Impairment
Dyspnea has been reported with the use of ponesimod. Dose-dependent reductions in forced expiratory volume over 1 second (FEV1) and reductions in diffusion lung capacity for carbon monoxide have been observed in patients mostly occurring in the first month after treatment initiation. Use with caution in patients with severe respiratory disease such as pulmonary fibrosis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Spirometric evaluation of respiratory function should be performed during therapy if clinically indicated.
Ponesimod (Includes ponesimod) vaccination
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Vaccination
The use of live attenuated vaccines should be avoided while patients are taking ponesimod and for 1 to 2 weeks after stopping treatment. Patients without a healthcare professional documented history of chickenpox or documentation of a full course of vaccination against varicella zoster virus (VZV) should be tested for antibodies to VZV before the start of treatment. A full course of vaccination for antibody-negative patients with varicella vaccine is recommended prior to treatment initiation. Vaccinations may be less effective if administered during treatment and for up to 1 to 2 weeks after treatment discontinuation. It is recommended to postpone treatment with ponesimod for 4 weeks to allow the full effect of vaccination to occur. If live attenuated vaccine immunizations are required, administer at least 1 month prior to initiation of treatment.
Ponesimod drug interactions
There are 557 drug interactions with ponesimod
Ponesimod alcohol/food interactions
There are 2 alcohol/food interactions with ponesimod
Drug Interaction Classification
|Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
|No interaction information available.|
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