Gilenya (fingolimod) Disease Interactions
There are 6 disease interactions with Gilenya (fingolimod):
Fingolimod (Includes Gilenya) ↔ CV disease
Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Heart Disease, Cerebrovascular Insufficiency
Fingolimod is contraindicated in patients whom have had a recent myocardial infarction, those with unstable angina, stroke, transient ischemic attack, decompensated heart failure with hospitalization, or Class III/IV heart failure, a history of Mobitz Type II 2nd degree or 3rd degree AV block or sick sinus syndrome, unless the patient has a pacemaker, baseline QTc interval of >= to 500 msec., or those patients being treated with Class Ia or Class III anti-arrhythmic drugs.
Fingolimod (Includes Gilenya) ↔ hepatic impairment
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Liver Disease
Cases of liver injury with hepatocellular and/or cholestatic hepatitis have been reported with fingolimod in the postmarketing setting. Patients with preexisting liver disease may be at increased risk of developing elevated liver enzymes when taking fingolimod. It is recommended to obtain liver enzyme results before initiation of therapy. No dose adjustment is needed in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. Closely monitor patients with severe hepatic impairment as this agent exposure is doubled in these patients and the risk of adverse reactions is greater. Discontinue if significant liver injury occurs.
Fingolimod (Includes Gilenya) ↔ hypertension
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Hypertension
Hypertension was reported as an adverse reaction in patients on fingolimod. Blood pressure should be monitored during treatment with this agent as it can increase the blood pressure of patients with hypertension.
Fingolimod (Includes Gilenya) ↔ infections
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Infection - Bacterial/Fungal/Protozoal/Viral
Fingolimod may increase the risk of infections, and some serious infections with opportunistic pathogens including viruses have been reported. Prior to treatment, a recent CBC (i.e., within 6 months or after discontinuation of prior therapy) should be available. Consider withholding treatment if a patient develops a serious infection, and reassess the benefits and risks prior to reinitiation of therapy.
Fingolimod (Includes Gilenya) ↔ macular edema
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Uveitis, Diabetes Mellitus
Fingolimod increases the risk of macular edema. Patients with a history of uveitis, and those with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of macular edema. It is recommended to perform an examination of the fundus including the macula in all patients before starting treatment, again 3-4 months after starting treatment, and again at any time after a patient reports visual disturbances. A decision on whether or not to discontinue therapy should include an assessment of the potential benefits and risks.
Fingolimod (Includes Gilenya) ↔ respiratory dysfunction
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applies to: Pulmonary Impairment
Cases of dyspnea in patients using fingolimod have been reported during clinical trials. Dose-dependent reductions in forced expiratory volume over 1 second (FEV1) and diffusion lung capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) were observed in patients treated with fingolimod as early as 1 month after treatment initiation. Caution with patients at risk of dyspnea and spirometric evaluation of respiratory function and evaluation of DLCO should be performed during therapy if clinically indicated.
Gilenya (fingolimod) drug interactions
There are 601 drug interactions with Gilenya (fingolimod)
Gilenya (fingolimod) alcohol/food interactions
There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Gilenya (fingolimod)
More about Gilenya (fingolimod)
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- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
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- Support Group
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- En Español
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- Drug class: selective immunosuppressants
- FDA Alerts (5)
- FDA Approval History
Related treatment guides
Drug Interaction Classification
|Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
|No interaction information available.|
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