Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin (Oral)
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Nov 30, 2021.
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Hypoglycemic
Pharmacologic Class: Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitor
Uses for saxagliptin and dapagliflozin
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin combination is used together with proper diet and exercise to treat type 2 diabetes. Saxagliptin helps to control blood sugar levels by making the pancreas gland release more insulin. It also signals the liver to stop producing sugar when there is too much sugar in the blood. Dapagliflozin works in the kidneys to prevent absorption of glucose (blood sugar). This helps lower the blood sugar level. Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin does not help patients who have insulin-dependent or type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetic patients must use insulin injections.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For saxagliptin and dapagliflozin, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to saxagliptin and dapagliflozin or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of saxagliptin and dapagliflozin combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of saxagliptin and dapagliflozin combination in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have kidney problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving saxagliptin and dapagliflozin.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking saxagliptin and dapagliflozin, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Thioctic Acid
Using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Insulin Aspart, Recombinant
- Insulin Bovine
- Insulin Degludec
- Insulin Detemir
- Insulin Glulisine
- Insulin Lispro, Recombinant
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other medical problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of saxagliptin and dapagliflozin. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Alcohol abuse, history of or
- Gallbladder problems (eg, gallstones) or
- Hypertriglyceridemia (high triglycerides and fats in the blood) or
- Pancreas problems—Use with caution. May increase risk for pancreatitis (swelling of the pancreas).
- Angioedema (swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat, arms, or legs) with saxagliptin or other dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, history of—Use with caution. May increase the risk of this condition occurring again.
- Dehydration or
- Genital yeast (fungus) infections (eg, balanitis, balanoposthitis, vulvovaginitis), history of or
- Heart failure, history of or
- Hypotension (low blood pressure) or
- Kidney disease or
- Urinary tract infection (eg, pyelonephritis, urosepsis), history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (high ketones and acid in the blood) or
- Kidney disease, moderate to severe (eg, end-stage kidney disease) or
- Patients receiving dialysis or
- Type I diabetes—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
- Fever or
- Infection or
- Surgery or
- Trauma—Use with caution. These conditions may cause problems with blood sugar control.
- Hypovolemia (low blood volume) or
- Pancreatic insulin deficiency, history of—May increase risk for more serious side effects.
- Liver disease, severe—Use has not been studied in patients with this condition.
Proper use of saxagliptin and dapagliflozin
Take saxagliptin and dapagliflozin only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. Do not change your dose unless directed by your doctor.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Tell your doctor if you are on a low-salt or sodium diet.
Swallow the tablet whole. Do not cut, crush, or chew it. You may take saxagliptin and dapagliflozin with or without food.
Carefully follow the special meal plan your doctor gave you. This is the most important part of controlling your diabetes, and will help the medicine work properly. Exercise regularly and test for sugar in your blood or urine as directed.
The dose of saxagliptin and dapagliflozin will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of saxagliptin and dapagliflozin. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (tablets):
- For type 2 diabetes:
- Adults—At first, 1 tablet once a day, taken in the morning. Each tablet contains 5 milligrams (mg) saxagliptin and 5 mg dapagliflozin or 5 mg saxagliptin and 10 mg dapagliflozin. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For type 2 diabetes:
If you miss a dose of saxagliptin and dapagliflozin, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions while using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits, especially during the first few weeks that you take saxagliptin and dapagliflozin. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
Pancreatitis (swelling and inflammation of the pancreas) may occur while you are using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin. Check with your doctor right away if you have sudden and severe stomach pain, chills, constipation, nausea, vomiting, fever, or lightheadedness.
Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain or tightness, decreased urine output, dilated neck veins, extreme fatigue, irregular breathing, irregular heartbeat, swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs, trouble breathing, or weight gain. These may be signs of heart failure.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur with saxagliptin and dapagliflozin. This is more common if you have kidney disease, low blood pressure, or if you are taking a diuretic (water pill). Taking plenty of fluids each day may help. Drink plenty of water during exercise or in hot weather. Check with your doctor if you have severe nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea that does not stop. This may cause you to lose too much water.
Ketoacidosis (high ketones and acid in the blood) may occur while you are using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin. This can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Your doctor may give you insulin, fluid, and carbohydrate replacement to treat this condition. Tell your doctor right away if you have nausea, vomiting, trouble breathing, increased thirst or urination, or stomach pain.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may increase risk of having urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis or urosepsis. Check with your doctor right away if you have bladder pain, bloody or cloudy urine, difficult, burning, or painful urination, or lower back or side pain.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may cause vaginal yeast infections in women and yeast infections of the penis in men. This is more common in patients who have a history of genital yeast infections or in men who are not circumcised. Women may have a vaginal discharge, itching, or odor. Men may have redness, itching, swelling, or pain around the penis, or a discharge with a strong odor from the penis. Check with your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may cause a rare but serious bacterial infection, called necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum or Fournier's gangrene, which can cause damage to the tissue under the skin in the area between and around the anus and genitals (perineum). Fournier's gangrene may lead to hospitalization, multiple surgeries, or death. Check with your doctor right away if you have fever, unusual tiredness or weakness, or pain, tenderness, redness, or swelling of the area between and around your anus and genitals.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). This is more common when saxagliptin and dapagliflozin is taken together with certain medicines. Low blood sugar must be treated before it causes you to pass out (unconsciousness). People feel different symptoms of low blood sugar. It is important that you learn which symptoms you usually have so you can treat it quickly. Some symptoms of low blood sugar include: behavior changes that are similar to being drunk, blurred vision, cold sweats, confusion, cool, pale skin, difficulty with thinking, drowsiness, excessive hunger, a fast heartbeat, headaches that continue, nausea, shakiness, slurred speech, or unusual tiredness or weakness. Talk to your doctor about how to treat low blood sugar.
Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) may occur if you do not take enough or skip a dose of your medicine, overeat or do not follow your meal plan, have a fever or infection, or do not exercise as much as usual. High blood sugar can be very serious and must be treated right away. It is important that you learn which symptoms you have in order to treat it quickly. Talk to your doctor about the best way to treat high blood sugar.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, angioedema, or certain skin conditions. These reactions can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, fever or chills, trouble breathing or swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, mouth, or throat while you are using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may cause severe joint pain. Call your doctor right away if you have severe joint pain with saxagliptin and dapagliflozin.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may cause bullous pemphigoid. Tell your doctor if you have large, hard skin blisters while using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin.
Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin. You may need to stop using saxagliptin and dapagliflozin for at least 3 days before you have surgery. Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin may affect the results of certain medical tests (eg, urine glucose tests may not be accurate).
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Saxagliptin and dapagliflozin side effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Bladder pain
- bloody or cloudy urine
- difficult, burning, or painful urination
- frequent urge to urinate
- lower back or side pain
- blurred vision
- cold sweats
- cool, pale skin
- decreased frequency or amount of urine
- fast heartbeat
- increased hunger
- increased thirst
- loss of appetite
- loss of consciousness
- slurred speech
- swelling of the face, fingers, or lower legs
- trouble breathing
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- weight gain
Incidence not known
- chest pain or tightness
- cracks in the skin
- dark urine
- decreased awareness or responsiveness
- decreased urine output
- difficulty with swallowing
- dilated neck veins
- dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
- dry mouth
- flushed, dry skin
- fruit-like breath odor
- hives, itching, or skin rash
- increased urination
- irregular heartbeat
- large, hard skin blisters
- large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or genitals
- loss of consciousness
- loss of heat from the body
- muscle twitching
- pain, tenderness, redness, or swelling of the area between the anus and genitals
- pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- rapid weight gain
- red, swollen skin
- redness, itching, swelling, or pain around the penis
- scaly skin
- severe joint pain
- severe sleepiness
- unexplained weight loss
- unusual drowsiness, dullness, or feeling of sluggishness
- yellow eyes or skin
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- Body aches or pain
- ear congestion
- loss of voice
- runny or stuffy nose
- sore throat
- Back pain
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Frequently asked questions
More about dapagliflozin / saxagliptin
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- During pregnancy
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- Drug class: antidiabetic combinations
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