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Sitz Bath

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Oct 3, 2022.

What is a sitz bath?

A sitz bath is when you soak in a warm or hot water tub to promote wound healing. It is often done after surgeries on the rectal or genital area. The heat from the water will clean the area, improve blood flow for healing, and decrease swelling and pain.

What supplies are needed for a sitz bath?

  • A bathtub thermometer to check the water temperature
  • Towels to cover your upper body during the bath and to dry off after
  • A footstool to help you enter the bathtub if needed
  • Bath mats to prevent slips in the tub and after you get out of the tub
  • Clean clothes to wear after the bath

How do I prepare the sitz bath?

Fill the bathtub with water until it is at about the level of your belly button. Check the temperature of the water before you get in. For a warm water sitz bath, the water should be 94° to 98° Fahrenheit. A hot water sitz bath should be between 105° to 110° Fahrenheit. Stay in the bath for about 15 to 20 minutes.

What if I cannot get in and out of the bathtub?

You may be sent home with a portable sitz bath. This is a small tub that will fit under your toilet seat. You will fill the tub with water as directed once it is under the toilet seat. Check the temperature of the water. You will also have a squirt bottle or water bag filled with the warm water. These are used to let the water flow out over the wound area during the sitz bath. This is also done for 15 to 20 minutes.

What else do I need to know about sitz baths?

  • You may have some discomfort at first when you sit in the warm water. This should go away shortly after entering the tub.
  • Check the water temperature a few times during the bath. You may need to add more water to keep it at the right temperature.
  • Take a sitz bath when someone is close by to help you if needed. The heat from the water may cause you to feel weak or lightheaded. If this happens, call for help to get out of the tub. Do not stand up on your own in case you lose your balance.

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Further information

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