Skip to Content

Prostate Gland Needle Biopsy


A prostate gland needle biopsy is a procedure to remove samples of tissue from your prostate gland. The prostate is a gland in men located just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra (tube that carries urine out of the body). After the samples are removed, they are sent to a lab and tested for cancer.

Male Reproductive System



  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
  • Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take this medicine.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider or urologist as directed:

You may need to return for more tests or procedures. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Eat healthy foods: Healthy foods include fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, and fish. Eat foods low in animal fat and saturated fats to help decrease your risk for prostate cancer.
  • Limit alcohol: You should limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day. A drink of alcohol is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1½ ounces of liquor.

Contact your healthcare provider or urologist if:

  • You cannot get an erection.
  • You feel pain or burning when you urinate.
  • You feel weak, and your face is hot and red.
  • You have a fever or chills.
  • You see blood in your urine, bowel movements, or semen.
  • Your urine is cloudy or smells foul.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You bleed from your rectum.
  • You urinate very little or not at all.
  • You have pain from your procedure that gets worse, even after you take pain medicine.

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2018 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.