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Nasal Flu Vaccine for Children
The nasal flu vaccine
is sprayed into your child's nose to help prevent influenza (the flu). The flu is caused by a virus. The virus spreads from person to person through coughing and sneezing. Several types of viruses cause the flu. The viruses change over time, so new vaccines are made each year. The vaccine begins to protect your child about 2 weeks after he or she gets it. The nasal flu vaccine can be given to children who are 2 years or older.
When your child should get the flu vaccine:
Your child should get the vaccine as soon as recommended each year, usually in September or October. Children 6 months through 8 years old need 2 doses during the first year they get the vaccine. The 2 doses should be given at least 4 weeks apart. It is best if the same type of vaccine is given both times. Your child can then usually receive 1 dose each year. Your child's healthcare provider will tell you if your child needs more than 1 dose for any reason.
What to tell your child's doctor before your child gets the nasal flu vaccine:
- Your child has any serious allergies, such as an egg allergy that causes a severe reaction. The flu vaccine may contain a small amount of egg protein. The amount is so low that it is not likely to cause an allergic reaction. Egg-free vaccines may be available, but do not delay getting a flu vaccine to wait for it.
- Your child has a chronic health problem, such as diabetes or a heart, lung, kidney, or liver disease.
- Your child receives dialysis.
- Your child developed Guillain-Barré syndrome within 6 weeks of getting a flu vaccine. He or she may not be able to get any flu vaccine unless the provider feels the benefits outweigh the risks.
Who should not get the nasal flu vaccine or should wait to get it:
Your child may need to wait to get the nasal flu vaccine or instead get the flu shot. Tell the healthcare provider if:
- Your child is sick or has a fever of 101°F (38.3°C) or higher.
- Your child is younger than 2 years.
- Your child is 2 to 4 years of age and has asthma or had wheezing during the past 12 months.
- Your child regularly takes aspirin or a product that contains aspirin.
- Your child had an allergic reaction to the nasal flu vaccine or any part of it.
- Your child has a weak immune system or cares for someone else who does.
- Your child has had his or her spleen removed, or his or her spleen does not work properly.
- Your child took antiviral medicine for the flu in the past 48 hours.
- Your child has a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak or a cochlear implant.
- Your adolescent is pregnant.
Risks of the flu vaccine:
The vaccine may cause mild symptoms, such as a fever, headache, and muscle aches. Your child may still get the flu after he or she receives the vaccine. Your child may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine. This can be life-threatening.
Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:
- Your child's mouth and throat are swollen.
- Your child is wheezing or has trouble breathing.
- Your child has chest pain or his or her heart is beating faster than normal.
- Your child feels like he or she is going to faint.
Seek care immediately if:
- Your child's face is red or swollen.
- Your child has hives that spread over his or her body.
Call your child's doctor if:
- Your child feels weak or dizzy.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's flu vaccine.
Do not give your child aspirin for 4 weeks
after he or she gets the nasal flu vaccine. Talk to your child's healthcare providers about safe medicines if needed to control a health condition.
Follow up with your child's doctor as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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