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Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jan 5, 2023.

What is the Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT)?

The GOAT is a tool used to test a person's memory after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The GOAT tests how much the person remembers. It also tests what the person knows about where he or she is and what day it is. The GOAT helps healthcare providers learn when the person starts to remember information more easily. If a person's memory improves after a brain injury, this may be a good sign he or she is getting better.

What questions are asked during the GOAT?

Healthcare providers will ask questions about the past and the present. A person may have trouble recalling past facts even when he or she knows the current day and year. The following are examples of questions that might be asked:

  • What is your name?
  • What is the last thing you remember before the accident?
  • What is the first thing you remember after the accident?
  • What city are you in right now?
  • Where were you born?

When is the GOAT used?

Healthcare providers use the GOAT when a person arrives at the hospital. They also use it while the person is recovering in the hospital. It can be used if a person goes in and out of a coma.

How is the GOAT used?

If a person gets a high GOAT score, it means he or she may recover well from the TBI. A low number of correct answers may mean he or she needs a longer period of time to get well. The GOAT helps healthcare providers plan treatments and therapy. It also helps them plan how to work with the person and his or her family after he or she goes home.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.