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Eye (Visual) Floaters

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What are eye floaters?

Eye floaters are specks or spots in your vision. They are dark and may look like squiggly lines, cobwebs, or strings. These spots or specks move around in your field of vision. The floaters seem to drift or dart away if you try to look straight at them. Eye floaters are also called visual floaters.

What causes eye floaters?

Floaters may be caused by tiny particles of debris or blood that float in the vitreous. The vitreous is the gel that fills most of your eye. As you age, the vitreous shrinks and pulls away from the retina. The retina is the thin layer that lines the back of your eye. When this happens, the tissue becomes stringy and casts a shadow on the retina. These shadows can cause you to see floaters. Floaters may also be caused by problems with the retina.

Eye Anatomy

What increases my risk for eye floaters?

How are eye floaters diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine your eyes and check your vision. Your provider may dilate your eyes to see the vitreous and the back of your eyes more clearly.

How are eye floaters treated?

Most floaters come and go, and do not require treatment. Surgery may be needed if you have so many floaters you cannot see well.

How can I protect my eyes?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

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