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Acute Diarrhea

AMBULATORY CARE:

Acute diarrhea

starts quickly and lasts a short time, usually 1 to 3 days. It can last up to 2 weeks.

Signs and symptoms that may happen with diarrhea:

You may have 3 or more episodes of diarrhea. It may be hard to control your diarrhea. You may also have any of the following:

  • Fever and chills
  • Headache or abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Symptoms of dehydration such as thirst, decreased urination, dry skin, sunken eyes, or fast, pounding heartbeat

Seek care immediately if:

  • You feel confused.
  • Your heartbeat is faster than usual.
  • Your eyes look deeply sunken, or you have no tears when you cry.
  • You urinate less than usual, or your urine is dark yellow.
  • You have blood or mucus in your bowel movements.
  • You have severe abdominal pain.
  • You are unable to drink any liquids.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • Your symptoms do not get better with treatment.
  • You have a fever higher than 101.3°F (38.5°C).
  • You have trouble eating and drinking because you are vomiting.
  • Your diarrhea does not get better in 7 days.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Treatment for acute diarrhea

may include medicines to slow or stop your diarrhea. You may also need medicine to treat an infection.

Self-care:

  • Drink liquids as directed. Liquids will help prevent dehydration caused by diarrhea. Ask your healthcare provider how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. You may need to drink an oral rehydration solution (ORS). An ORS has the right amounts of water, salts, and sugar you need to replace body fluids. You can buy an ORS at most grocery stores and pharmacies.
  • Eat foods that are easy to digest. Examples include rice, lentils, cereal, bananas, potatoes, and bread. It also includes some fruits (bananas, melon), well-cooked vegetables, and lean meats. Do not eat foods high in fiber, fat, and sugar. Also, do not drink alcohol until your diarrhea is gone.

Prevent diarrhea:

  • Wash your hands often. Use soap and water. Wash your hands before you eat or prepare food. Also wash your hands after you use the bathroom. Use an alcohol-based hand gel when soap and water are not available.
    Handwashing
  • Keep bathroom surfaces clean. This helps prevent the spread of germs that cause acute diarrhea.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables well before you eat them. This can help remove germs that cause diarrhea. If possible, remove the skin from fruits and vegetables, or cook them well before you eat them.
  • Cook meat and poultry as directed. Meat includes beef and pork. Poultry includes chicken, turkey, and duck.
    • Cook ground meat to 160°F.
    • Cook ground poultry, whole poultry, or cuts of poultry to at least 165°F. Remove the poultry from heat. Let it stand for 3 minutes before you eat it.
    • Cook whole cuts of meat other than poultry to at least 145°F. Remove the meat from heat. Let it stand for 3 minutes before you eat it.
  • Wash dishes that have touched raw meat or poultry with hot water and soap. This includes cutting boards, utensils, dishes, and serving containers.
  • Place raw or cooked meat or poultry in the refrigerator as soon as possible. Bacteria can grow in meat that is left at room temperature too long.
  • Do not eat raw or undercooked oysters, clams, or mussels. These foods may be contaminated and cause infection.
  • Drink only filtered or treated water when you travel. Do not put ice in your drinks. Drink bottled water whenever possible.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Acute Diarrhea (Ambulatory Care)

Associated drugs

Micromedex® Care Notes

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