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Cipro (ciprofloxacin) and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Cipro (ciprofloxacin) which include:

ciprofloxacin ↔ Caffeine

Moderate Drug Interaction

Using caffeine together with ciprofloxacin may increase the effects of caffeine. Contact your doctor if you experience headache, tremor, restlessness, nervousness, insomnia, and increased blood pressure or heart rate. If your doctor does prescribe these medications together, you may need a dose adjustment or special test to safely use both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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ciprofloxacin ↔ multivitamins with minerals

Moderate Drug Interaction

Ciprofloxacin and multivitamin with minerals should not be taken orally at the same time. Products that contain magnesium, aluminum, calcium, iron, and/or other minerals may interfere with the absorption of ciprofloxacin and reduce its effectiveness. If possible, it may be best to avoid taking multivitamin with minerals while your are being treated with ciprofloxacin. Otherwise, you should take ciprofloxacin either 2 to 4 hours before or 4 to 6 hours after the multivitamin with minerals dose. Contact your doctor if your condition worsens. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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ciprofloxacin ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

ADJUST DOSING INTERVAL: Concurrent ingestion of dairy products (milk, yogurt) or calcium-fortified foods (i.e., cereal, orange juice) may decrease the activity of certain oral fluoroquinolone antibiotics. The mechanism is chelation of calcium and the quinolone, resulting in decreased bioavailability. In the case of orange juice, inhibition of intestinal transport mechanisms (P-glycoprotein or organic anion-transporting polypeptides) by flavones may also be involved. One study reported an average 41% decrease in maximum plasma concentrations and a 38% decrease in AUC when ciprofloxacin was given with calcium-fortified orange juice instead of water. Administration of ciprofloxacin tablets with enteral nutrition may reduce its bioavailability and maximum serum concentrations. Data have been conflicting and variable by the type of enteral nutrition product, location of the feeding tube, and patient characteristics. Decreased absorption is expected if ciprofloxacin is given by jejunostomy tube.

MANAGEMENT: Oral ciprofloxacin should not be taken with dairy products or calcium-fortified foods alone, but may be taken with meals that contain these products. When taken alone, dairy products or calcium-fortified foods should be ingested at least 2 hours before or after ciprofloxacin administration. When ciprofloxacin tablets are administered to patients receiving continuous enteral nutrition, some experts recommend that the tube feeding should be interrupted for at least 1 hour before and 2 hours after the dose of ciprofloxacin is given. Patients should be monitored for altered antimicrobial efficacy and switched to intravenous ciprofloxacin if necessary. If no enteral route besides a jejunostomy tube is available, it is also recommended to switch to intravenous ciprofloxacin. According to the manufacturer, ciprofloxacin oral suspension should not be administered via nasogastric or feeding tubes due to its physical characteristics.

References

  1. Yuk JH, Nightingale CH, Sweeney KR, Quintiliani R, Lettieri JT, Forst RW "Relative bioavailability in healthy volunteers of ciprofloxacin administered through a nasogastric tube with and without enteral feeding." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 33 (1989): 1118-20
  2. Wohlt PD, Zheng L, Gunderson S, Balzar SA, Johnson BD, Fish JT "Recommendations for the use of medications with continuous enteral nutrition." Am J Health Syst Pharm 66 (2009): 1438-67
  3. Neuhofel AL, Wilton JH, Victory JM, Hejmanowsk LG, Amsden GW "Lack of bioequivalence of ciprofloxacin when administered with calcium-fortified orange juice: a new twist on an old interaction." J Clin Pharmacol 42 (2002): 461-6
View all 6 references

You should also know about...

Cipro (ciprofloxacin) drug Interactions

There are 714 drug interactions with Cipro (ciprofloxacin)

Cipro (ciprofloxacin) disease Interactions

There are 7 disease interactions with Cipro (ciprofloxacin) which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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