Skip to Content

CILOSTAZOL 100MG TABLETS

Active substance(s): CILOSTAZOL / CILOSTAZOL / CILOSTAZOL

View full screen / Print PDF » Download PDF ⇩

PDF Transcript

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
PLETAL® 100mg TABLETS / CILOSTAZOL 100mg TABLETS
(cilostazol)



This medicine is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information.
You can help by reporting any side effects you may get. See the end of section 4 for how to report side
effects.

This medicine is available as either of the above names but will be referred to as Pletal throughout the following
patient information leaflet.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine.

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

If you have any further questions, please ask your doctor or your pharmacist.

This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their
symptoms are the same as yours.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your
doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1. What Pletal is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Pletal
3. How to take Pletal
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Pletal
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT PLETAL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Pletal belongs to a group of medicines called phosphodiesterase type 3 inhibitors.
It has several actions which include widening of some blood vessels and reducing the clotting activity (clumping) of
some blood cells called platelets inside your vessels.
You have been prescribed Pletal for “intermittent claudication”. Intermittent claudication is the cramp-like pain in
your legs when you walk and is caused by insufficient blood supply in your legs. Pletal can increase the distance
you can walk without pain since it improves the blood circulation in your legs. Cilostazol is only recommended for
patients whose symptoms have not improved sufficiently after making life-style modifications (such as stopping
smoking and increasing exercise) and after other appropriate interventions. It is important that you continue the
modifications you have made to your life-style whilst taking cilostazol.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE PLETAL
Do not take Pletal
• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to cilostazol or any of the other ingredients of Pletal.
• if you have the condition “heart failure”.
• if you have persistent chest pain at rest, or have had a “heart attack” or any heart surgery in the last six months
• if you have now or previously suffered from blackouts due to heart disease, or any severe disturbances of the
heart beat.
• if you know that you have a condition which increases your risk of bleeding or bruising, such as:
– active stomach ulcer(s).
– stroke in the past six months.
– problems with your eyes if you have diabetes.
– if your blood pressure is not well controlled.
• if you are taking both acetylsalicylic acid and clopidogrel, or any combination of two or more medicines which
can increase your risk of bleeding [ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure]
• if you have severe kidney disease or moderate or severe liver disease.
• if you are pregnant
Take special care with Pletal
Before taking Pletal make sure your doctor knows:
• if you have a severe heart problem or any problems with your heart beat.
• if you have problems with your blood pressure.
During treatment with Pletal make sure that
• If you need to have surgery including having teeth removed, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking Pletal.
• If you experience easy bruising or bleeding, stop taking Pletal and tell your doctor.
Taking other medicines
Before you start taking Pletal please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any
other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
You should specifically inform your doctor if you take some medicines usually used to treat painful and/or
inflammatory conditions of muscle or joints, or if you take medicines to reduce blood clotting. These medicines
include:
• acetylsalicylic acid
• clopidogrel
• anticoagulant medicines (e.g. warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban or low molecular weight heparins).
If you are taking such medicines with Pletal your doctor may perform some routine blood tests.
Certain medicines may interfere with the effect of Pletal when taken together. They may either increase the side
effects of Pletal or make Pletal less effective. Pletal may do the same to other medicines. Before you start taking
Pletal, please tell your doctor if you are taking:
• erythromycin, clarithromycin or rifampicin (antibiotics)
• ketoconazole (to treat fungal infections)
• omeprazole (to treat excess acid in the stomach)
• diltiazem (to treat high blood pressure or chest pain)
• cisapride (to treat stomach disorders)
• lovastatin, simvastatin or atorvastatin (to treat high cholesterol in the blood)
• halofantrine (to treat malaria)
• pimozide (to treat mental illnesses)
• ergot derivatives (to treat migraine, e.g. ergotamine, dihydroergotamine)
• carbamazepine or phenytoin (to treat convulsions)
• St. John’s wort (a herbal remedy)
If you are not sure if this applies to your medicines ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Before you start taking Pletal, please inform your doctor if you are taking medicines for high blood pressure
because Pletal may have an additional lowering effect on your blood pressure. If your blood pressure falls too low,
this could cause a fast heartbeat. These medicines include:
• Diuretics (e.g., hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide)
• calcium channel blockers (e.g., verapamil, amlodipine)
• ACE inhibitors (e.g., captopril, lisinopril)
• angiotensin II receptor blockers (e.g., valsartan, candesartan)
• beta blockers (e.g., labetalol, carvedilol);
It may still be all right for you to take the above mentioned medicines and Pletal together and your doctor will be
able to decide what is suitable for you.
Taking Pletal with food and drink
Pletal tablets should be taken 30 minutes before breakfast and the evening meal.
Always take your tablets with a drink of water.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Pletal MUST not be used during pregnancy.
For breast-feeding mothers use of Pletal is not recommended.
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or if you are breast-feeding ask your doctor or pharmacist for
advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Pletal may cause dizziness. If you feel dizzy after taking Pletal tablets, DO NOT drive and do not use any tools or
machines and inform your doctor or pharmacist.
3. HOW TO TAKE PLETAL
• Always take Pletal exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you
are not sure.
• The usual dose is one 100 mg tablet twice a day (morning and evening). This dose does not need to be
changed for elderly people. However, your doctor may prescribe a lower dose if you are taking other medicines
which may have an effect on Pletal.
• Pletal tablets should be taken 30 minutes before breakfast and the evening meal. Always take your tablets with
a drink of water.
Some benefits of taking Pletal may be felt within 4 ‑12 weeks of treatment. Your doctor will assess your progress
after 3 months of treatment and may recommend that you discontinue cilostazol if the effect of treatment is
insufficient.
Pletal is not suitable for children.
If you take more Pletal than you should
If for any reason you have taken more Pletal tablets than you should, you may have signs and symptoms such as
severe headache, diarrhoea, a fall in blood pressure and irregularities of your heartbeat.
If you have taken more tablets than your prescribed dose, contact your doctor or your local hospital
immediately. Remember to take the pack with you so that it is clear what medicine you have taken.

If you forget to take Pletal
If you miss a dose, do not worry; wait until the next dose to take your next tablet and then carry on as normal. Do
not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.
If you stop taking Pletal
If you stop taking Pletal the pain in your legs may come back or get worse. Therefore, you should only stop taking
Pletal if you notice side effects requiring urgent medical attention (see section 4) or if your doctor tells you to.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Pletal can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If any of the following side effects happen, you may need urgent medical attention. Stop taking Pletal and
contact a doctor or go to the nearest hospital immediately.
• stroke
• heart attack
• heart problems which can cause shortness of breath or ankle swelling
• irregular heart beat (new or worsening)
• noticeable bleeding
• easy bruising
• serious illness with blistering of the skin, mouth, eyes and genitals
• yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes caused by liver or blood problems (jaundice)
You should also tell your doctor immediately if you have a fever or sore throat. You may need to have some blood
tests and your doctor will decide on your further treatment.
The following side effects have been reported for Pletal. You should tell your doctor as soon as possible:
Very common side effects (affecting more than 1 in 10 people)
headache
abnormal stools
diarrhoea





Common side effects (affecting less than 1 in 10, but more than 1 in 100 people)
fast heart beat
heart pounding (palpitation)
chest pain
dizziness
sore throat
runny nose (rhinitis)
abdominal pain
abdominal discomfort (indigestion)
feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
loss of appetite (anorexia)
excessive burping or wind (flatulence)
swelling of ankles, feet or face
rash or changes in appearance of the skin
itchy skin
patchy bleeding in the skin
general weakness


















Uncommon side effects (affecting less than 1 in 100, but more than 1 in 1,000 people)
heart attack
irregular heart beat (new or worsening)
heart problems that can cause shortness of breath or ankle swelling
pneumonia
cough
chills
unexpected bleeding
tendency to bleed (e.g., of the stomach, eye or muscle, nose bleed and blood in spit or urine)
decrease in red cells in the blood
dizziness on standing up
fainting
anxiety
difficulty sleeping
unusual dreams
allergic reaction
aches and pains
diabetes and increased blood sugar
stomach ache (gastritis)
malaise





















There may be a higher risk of bleeding into the eye in people with diabetes.
Rare side effects (affecting less than 1 in 1,000, but more than 1 in 10,000 people):
tendency to bleed for longer than usual
increase in the platelets in the blood
problems with the kidneys





The following side effects have been reported during the use of Pletal but it is not known how frequently
they may occur:
• changes in the blood pressure
• decrease in red cells, white cells and platelets in your blood
• difficulty breathing
• difficulty moving
• fever
• hot flushes
• eczema and other skin rashes
• reduced sensation of the skin
• runny or sticky eyes (conjunctivitis)
• ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
• liver problems including hepatitis
• changes in the urine
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell
your doctor or pharmacist.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this
medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE PLETAL
• Keep out of the sight and reach of children. It is important that you do not leave your tablets where children may
find them.
• Store your tablets in the original package they were supplied in.
• There are no other special storage instructions.
• Do not use after the expiry date stated on the carton and blister.
• If your doctor stops your treatment and you have any left over tablets, return them to your pharmacist for safe
disposal. Only keep the tablets if your doctor tells you to.
• If the tablets become discoloured or show signs of any deterioration, you should seek the advice of your
pharmacist who will tell you what to do.
• Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose
of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Pletal contains
• The active substance is cilostazol. One tablet contains 100mg cilostazol.
• The other ingredients are maize starch, microcrystalline cellulose, carmellose calcium, hypromellose and
magnesium stearate.
What Pletal looks like and contents of the pack
Pletal is a white, round, flat-faced tablet, debossed with ‘OG30’ on one side and plain on the reverse. It is supplied
in blister packs of 28, 56 and 98 tablets.
PL No: 15814/0873

POM

Manufacturer
This product is manufactured by UCB Pharma GmbH, Alfred Nobel Strasse 10, 40789 Monheim, Germany and is
procured from within the EU and repackaged by the Product Licence Holder: O.P.D Laboratories Ltd, Unit 6
Colonial Way, Watford, Herts WD24 4PR.
Leaflet revision and issue date (Ref.) 11.11.2013.
Pletal is a registered Trade Mark of Otsuka Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd, Japan.
To request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio please call 01923 332 796.

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
PLETAL® 100mg TABLETS / CILOSTAZOL 100mg TABLETS
(cilostazol)



This medicine is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information.
You can help by reporting any side effects you may get. See the end of section 4 for how to report side
effects.

This medicine is available as either of the above names but will be referred to as Pletal throughout the following
patient information leaflet.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine.

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

If you have any further questions, please ask your doctor or your pharmacist.

This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their
symptoms are the same as yours.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your
doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1. What Pletal is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Pletal
3. How to take Pletal
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Pletal
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. WHAT PLETAL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Pletal belongs to a group of medicines called phosphodiesterase type 3 inhibitors.
It has several actions which include widening of some blood vessels and reducing the clotting activity (clumping) of
some blood cells called platelets inside your vessels.
You have been prescribed Pletal for “intermittent claudication”. Intermittent claudication is the cramp-like pain in
your legs when you walk and is caused by insufficient blood supply in your legs. Pletal can increase the distance
you can walk without pain since it improves the blood circulation in your legs. Cilostazol is only recommended for
patients whose symptoms have not improved sufficiently after making life-style modifications (such as stopping
smoking and increasing exercise) and after other appropriate interventions. It is important that you continue the
modifications you have made to your life-style whilst taking cilostazol.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE PLETAL
Do not take Pletal
• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to cilostazol or any of the other ingredients of Pletal.
• if you have the condition “heart failure”.
• if you have persistent chest pain at rest, or have had a “heart attack” or any heart surgery in the last six months
• if you have now or previously suffered from blackouts due to heart disease, or any severe disturbances of the
heart beat.
• if you know that you have a condition which increases your risk of bleeding or bruising, such as:
– active stomach ulcer(s).
– stroke in the past six months.
– problems with your eyes if you have diabetes.
– if your blood pressure is not well controlled.
• if you are taking both acetylsalicylic acid and clopidogrel, or any combination of two or more medicines which
can increase your risk of bleeding [ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure]
• if you have severe kidney disease or moderate or severe liver disease.
• if you are pregnant
Take special care with Pletal
Before taking Pletal make sure your doctor knows:
• if you have a severe heart problem or any problems with your heart beat.
• if you have problems with your blood pressure.
During treatment with Pletal make sure that
• If you need to have surgery including having teeth removed, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking Pletal.
• If you experience easy bruising or bleeding, stop taking Pletal and tell your doctor.
Taking other medicines
Before you start taking Pletal please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any
other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
You should specifically inform your doctor if you take some medicines usually used to treat painful and/or
inflammatory conditions of muscle or joints, or if you take medicines to reduce blood clotting. These medicines
include:
• acetylsalicylic acid
• clopidogrel
• anticoagulant medicines (e.g. warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban or low molecular weight heparins).
If you are taking such medicines with Pletal your doctor may perform some routine blood tests.
Certain medicines may interfere with the effect of Pletal when taken together. They may either increase the side
effects of Pletal or make Pletal less effective. Pletal may do the same to other medicines. Before you start taking
Pletal, please tell your doctor if you are taking:
• erythromycin, clarithromycin or rifampicin (antibiotics)
• ketoconazole (to treat fungal infections)
• omeprazole (to treat excess acid in the stomach)
• diltiazem (to treat high blood pressure or chest pain)
• cisapride (to treat stomach disorders)
• lovastatin, simvastatin or atorvastatin (to treat high cholesterol in the blood)
• halofantrine (to treat malaria)
• pimozide (to treat mental illnesses)
• ergot derivatives (to treat migraine, e.g. ergotamine, dihydroergotamine)
• carbamazepine or phenytoin (to treat convulsions)
• St. John’s wort (a herbal remedy)
If you are not sure if this applies to your medicines ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Before you start taking Pletal, please inform your doctor if you are taking medicines for high blood pressure
because Pletal may have an additional lowering effect on your blood pressure. If your blood pressure falls too low,
this could cause a fast heartbeat. These medicines include:
• Diuretics (e.g., hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide)
• calcium channel blockers (e.g., verapamil, amlodipine)
• ACE inhibitors (e.g., captopril, lisinopril)
• angiotensin II receptor blockers (e.g., valsartan, candesartan)
• beta blockers (e.g., labetalol, carvedilol);
It may still be all right for you to take the above mentioned medicines and Pletal together and your doctor will be
able to decide what is suitable for you.
Taking Pletal with food and drink
Pletal tablets should be taken 30 minutes before breakfast and the evening meal.
Always take your tablets with a drink of water.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Pletal MUST not be used during pregnancy.
For breast-feeding mothers use of Pletal is not recommended.
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or if you are breast-feeding ask your doctor or pharmacist for
advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Pletal may cause dizziness. If you feel dizzy after taking Pletal tablets, DO NOT drive and do not use any tools or
machines and inform your doctor or pharmacist.
3. HOW TO TAKE PLETAL
• Always take Pletal exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you
are not sure.
• The usual dose is one 100 mg tablet twice a day (morning and evening). This dose does not need to be
changed for elderly people. However, your doctor may prescribe a lower dose if you are taking other medicines
which may have an effect on Pletal.
• Pletal tablets should be taken 30 minutes before breakfast and the evening meal. Always take your tablets with
a drink of water.
Some benefits of taking Pletal may be felt within 4 ‑12 weeks of treatment. Your doctor will assess your progress
after 3 months of treatment and may recommend that you discontinue cilostazol if the effect of treatment is
insufficient.
Pletal is not suitable for children.
If you take more Pletal than you should
If for any reason you have taken more Pletal tablets than you should, you may have signs and symptoms such as
severe headache, diarrhoea, a fall in blood pressure and irregularities of your heartbeat.
If you have taken more tablets than your prescribed dose, contact your doctor or your local hospital
immediately. Remember to take the pack with you so that it is clear what medicine you have taken.

If you forget to take Pletal
If you miss a dose, do not worry; wait until the next dose to take your next tablet and then carry on as normal. Do
not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.
If you stop taking Pletal
If you stop taking Pletal the pain in your legs may come back or get worse. Therefore, you should only stop taking
Pletal if you notice side effects requiring urgent medical attention (see section 4) or if your doctor tells you to.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Pletal can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If any of the following side effects happen, you may need urgent medical attention. Stop taking Pletal and
contact a doctor or go to the nearest hospital immediately.
• stroke
• heart attack
• heart problems which can cause shortness of breath or ankle swelling
• irregular heart beat (new or worsening)
• noticeable bleeding
• easy bruising
• serious illness with blistering of the skin, mouth, eyes and genitals
• yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes caused by liver or blood problems (jaundice)
You should also tell your doctor immediately if you have a fever or sore throat. You may need to have some blood
tests and your doctor will decide on your further treatment.
The following side effects have been reported for Pletal. You should tell your doctor as soon as possible:
Very common side effects (affecting more than 1 in 10 people)
headache
abnormal stools
diarrhoea





Common side effects (affecting less than 1 in 10, but more than 1 in 100 people)
fast heart beat
heart pounding (palpitation)
chest pain
dizziness
sore throat
runny nose (rhinitis)
abdominal pain
abdominal discomfort (indigestion)
feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
loss of appetite (anorexia)
excessive burping or wind (flatulence)
swelling of ankles, feet or face
rash or changes in appearance of the skin
itchy skin
patchy bleeding in the skin
general weakness


















Uncommon side effects (affecting less than 1 in 100, but more than 1 in 1,000 people)
heart attack
irregular heart beat (new or worsening)
heart problems that can cause shortness of breath or ankle swelling
pneumonia
cough
chills
unexpected bleeding
tendency to bleed (e.g., of the stomach, eye or muscle, nose bleed and blood in spit or urine)
decrease in red cells in the blood
dizziness on standing up
fainting
anxiety
difficulty sleeping
unusual dreams
allergic reaction
aches and pains
diabetes and increased blood sugar
stomach ache (gastritis)
malaise





















There may be a higher risk of bleeding into the eye in people with diabetes.
Rare side effects (affecting less than 1 in 1,000, but more than 1 in 10,000 people):
tendency to bleed for longer than usual
increase in the platelets in the blood
problems with the kidneys





The following side effects have been reported during the use of Pletal but it is not known how frequently
they may occur:
• changes in the blood pressure
• decrease in red cells, white cells and platelets in your blood
• difficulty breathing
• difficulty moving
• fever
• hot flushes
• eczema and other skin rashes
• reduced sensation of the skin
• runny or sticky eyes (conjunctivitis)
• ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
• liver problems including hepatitis
• changes in the urine
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell
your doctor or pharmacist.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this
medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE PLETAL
• Keep out of the sight and reach of children. It is important that you do not leave your tablets where children may
find them.
• Store your tablets in the original package they were supplied in.
• There are no other special storage instructions.
• Do not use after the expiry date stated on the carton and blister.
• If your doctor stops your treatment and you have any left over tablets, return them to your pharmacist for safe
disposal. Only keep the tablets if your doctor tells you to.
• If the tablets become discoloured or show signs of any deterioration, you should seek the advice of your
pharmacist who will tell you what to do.
• Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose
of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Pletal contains
• The active substance is cilostazol. One tablet contains 100mg cilostazol.
• The other ingredients are maize starch, microcrystalline cellulose, carmellose calcium, hypromellose and
magnesium stearate.
What Pletal looks like and contents of the pack
Pletal is a white, round, flat-faced tablet, debossed with ‘OG30’ on one side and plain on the reverse. It is supplied
in blister packs of 28, 56 and 98 tablets.
PL No: 15814/0873

POM

Manufacturer
This product is manufactured by Schwarz Pharma AG, Alfred Nobel Strasse 10, 40789 Monheim, Germany and is
procured from within the EU and repackaged by the Product Licence Holder: O.P.D Laboratories Ltd, Unit 6
Colonial Way, Watford, Herts WD24 4PR.
Leaflet revision and issue date (Ref.) 11.11.2013.
Pletal is a registered Trade Mark of Otsuka Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd, Japan.
To request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio please call 01923 332 796.

Expand Transcript

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Hide