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CILOSTAZOL 100MG TABLETS

Active substance(s): CILOSTAZOL

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Pletal 100mg Tablets/
Cilostazol 100mg Tablets
(cilostazol)



This medicine is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick
identification of new safety information. You can help by reporting any side
effects you may get. See the end of section 4 for how to report side effects.
Your medicine is known by either of the above names but will be referred to
as Pletal throughout this;

Patient Information Leaflet
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine.
 Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
 If you have any further questions, please ask your doctor or pharmacist.
 This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others.
It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
 If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects
not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist
In this leaflet:
1) What Pletal is and what it is used for
2) Before you take Pletal
3) How to take Pletal
4) Possible side effects.
5) How to store Pletal
6) Contents of the pack and other information.

1) What Pletal is and what it is used for
Pletal belongs to a group of medicines called phosphodiesterase type 3
inhibitors. It has several actions which include widening of some blood
vessels and reducing the clotting activity (clumping) of some blood cells called
platelets inside your vessels.
You have been prescribed Pletal for "intermittent claudication". Intermittent
claudication is the cramp-like pain in your legs when you walk and is caused
by insufficient blood supply in your legs. Pletal can increase the distance you
can walk without pain since it improves the blood circulation in your legs.
Cilostazol is only recommended for patients whose symptoms have not
improved sufficiently after making life-style modifications (such as stopping
smoking and increasing exercise) and after other appropriate interventions. It
is important that you continue the modifications you have made to your lifestyle whilst taking cilostazol.

2) Before you take Pletal
Do not take Pletal
 if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to cilostazol or any of the other
ingredients of Pletal.
 if you have the condition "heart failure".
 if you have persistent chest pain at rest, or have had a “heart attack” or any
heart surgery in the last six months
 if you have now or previously suffered from blackouts due to heart disease,
or any severe disturbances of the heart beat.
 if you know that you have a condition which increases your risk of bleeding
or bruising, such as:
- active stomach ulcer(s).
- stroke in the past six months.
- problems with your eyes if you have diabetes.
- if your blood pressure is not well controlled.
 if you are taking both acetylsalicylic acid and clopidogrel, or any
combination of two or more medicines which can increase your risk of
bleeding (ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure)
 if you have severe kidney disease or moderate or severe liver disease.
 if you are pregnant
Take special care with Pletal
Before taking Pletal make sure your doctor knows:
 if you have a severe heart problem or any problems with your heart beat.
 if you have problems with your blood pressure.
During treatment with Pletal make sure that
 If you need to have surgery including having teeth removed, tell your doctor
or dentist that you are taking Pletal.
 If you experience easy bruising or bleeding, stop taking Pletal and tell your
doctor.
Taking other medicines
Before you start taking Pletal, please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are
taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines
obtained without a prescription.

You should specifically inform your doctor if you take some medicines usually
used to treat painful and/or inflammatory conditions of muscle or joints, or if
you take medicines to reduce blood clotting. These medicines include:
 acetylsalicylic acid
 clopidogrel
 anticogulant medicines (e.g. warfarin, dabigatrin, rivaroxaban, apixaban or
low molecular weight heparins).
If you are taking such medicines with Pletal your doctor may perform some
routine blood tests.
Certain medicines may interfere with the effect of Pletal when taken together.
They may either increase the side effects of Pletal or make Pletal less
effective. Pletal may do the same to other medicines.
Before you start taking Pletal, please tell your doctor if you are taking:
 erythromycin, clarithromycin or rifampicin (antibiotics)
 ketoconazole (to treat fungal infections)
 omeprazole (to treat excess acid in the stomach)
 diltiazem (to treat high blood pressure or chest pain)
 cisapride (to treat stomach disorders)
 lovastatin, simvastatin or atorvastatin (to treat high cholesterol in the blood)
 halofantrine (to treat malaria)
 pimozide (to treat mental illnesses)
 ergot derivatives (to treat migraine, e.g. ergotamine, dihydroergotamine)
 carbamazepine or phenytoin (to treat convulsions)
 St. John’s wort (a herbal remedy)
If you are not sure if this applies to your medicines ask your doctor or
pharmacist.
Before you start taking Pletal, please inform your doctor if you are taking
medicines for high blood pressure because Pletal may have an additional
lowering effect on your blood pressure.If your blood pressure falls too low, this
could cause a fast heartbeat. These medicines include:
 diuretics (e.g. hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide)
 calcium channel blockers (e.g. verapamil, amlodipine)
 ACE inhibitors (e.g. captopril, lisinopril)
 angiotensin II receptor blockers (e.g. valsartan, candesartan)
 beta blockers (e.g. labetalol, carvedilol).
It may still be all right for you to take the above mentioned medicines and
Pletal together and your doctor will be able to decide what is suitable for you.
Taking Pletal with food and drink
Pletal tablets should be taken 30 minutes before breakfast and the evening
meal. Always take your tablets with a drink of water.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Pletal MUST NOT be used during pregnancy.
For breast-feeding mothers use of Pletal is NOT RECOMMENDED.
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or if you are breast-feeding
ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Pletal may cause dizziness. If you feel dizzy after taking Pletal tablets, DO
NOT drive and do not use any tools or machines and inform your doctor or
pharmacist.

3) How to take Pletal
 Always take Pletal exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check
with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
 The usual dose is one 100 mg tablet twice a day (morning and evening).
This dose does not need to be changed for elderly people. However, your
doctor may prescribe a lower dose if you are taking other medicines which
may have an effect on pletal.
 Pletal tablets should be taken 30 minutes before breakfast and the evening
meal. Always take your tablets with a drink of water.
Some benefits of taking Pletal may be felt within 4 - 12 weeks of treatment.
Your doctor will assess your progress after 3 months of treatment and may
recommend that you discontinue cilostazol if the effect of treatment is
insufficient.
Pletal is not suitable for children.

If you take more Pletal than you should
If for any reason you have taken more Pletal tablets than you should, you may
have signs and symptoms such as severe headache, diarrhoea, a fall in blood
pressure and irregularities of your heartbeat.
If you have taken more tablets than your prescribed dose, contact your
doctor or your local hospital immediately. Remember to take the pack
with you so that it is clear what medicine you have taken.
If you forget to take Pletal
If you miss a dose, do not worry; wait until the next dose to take your next
tablet and then carry on as normal. DO NOT take a double dose to make up
for a forgotten tablet.
If you stop taking Pletal
If you stop taking Pletal the pain in your legs may come back or get worse.
Therefore, you should only stop taking Pletal if you notice side effects
requiring urgent medical attention (see section 4) or if your doctor tells you to.

4) Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Pletal can cause side effects, although not everybody gets
them.
If any of the following side effects happen, you may need urgent medical
attention. Stop taking Pletal and contact a doctor or go to the nearest
hospital immediately.
 stroke
 heart attack
 heart problems which can cause shortness of breath or ankle swelling
 irregular heart beat (new or worsening)
 noticeable bleeding
 easy bruising
 serious illness with blistering of the skin, mouth, eyes and genitals
 yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes caused by liver or blood problems
(jaundice)
You should also tell your doctor immediately if you have a fever or sore throat.
You may need to have some blood tests and your doctor will decide on your
further treatment.
The following side effects have been reported for Pletal. You should tell
your doctor as soon as possible:
Very common side effects (affecting more than 1 in 10 people)
 headache
 abnormal stools
 diarrhoea
Common side effects (affecting less than 1 in 10, but more than 1 in 100
people)
 fast heart beat
 heart pounding (palpitation)
 chest pain
 dizziness
 sore throat
 runny nose (rhinitis)
 abdominal pain
 abdominal discomfort (indigestion)
 feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
 loss of appetite (anorexia)
 excessive burping or wind (flatulence)
 swelling of ankles, feet or face
 rash or changes in appearance of the skin
 itchy skin
 patchy bleeding in the skin
 general weakness
Uncommon side effects (affecting less than 1 in 100, but more than 1 in
1,000 people)
 heart attack
 irregular heart beat (new or worsening)
 heart problems that can cause shortness of breath or ankle swelling
 pneumonia
 cough
 chills
 unexpected bleeding
 tendency to bleed (e.g., of the stomach, eye or muscle, nose bleed and
blood in spit or urine)
 decrease in red cells in the blood
 dizziness on standing up
 fainting










anxiety
difficulty sleeping
unusual dreams
allergic reaction
aches and pains
diabetes and increased blood sugar
stomach ache (gastritis)
malaise

There may be a higher risk of bleeding into the eye in people with diabetes.
Rare side effects (affecting less than 1 in 1,000, but more than 1 in 10,000
people):
 tendency to bleed for longer than usual
 increase in the platelets in the blood
 problems with the kidneys
The following side effects have been reported during the use of Pletal
but it is not known how frequently they may occur:
 changes in the blood pressure
 decrease in red cells, white cells and platelets in your blood
 difficulty breathing
 difficulty moving
 fever
 hot flushes
 eczema and other skin rashes
 reduced sensation of the skin
 runny or sticky eyes (conjunctivitis)
 ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
 liver problems including hepatitis
 changes in the urine
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects
not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report
side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide
more information on the safety of this medicine.

5) How to store Pletal





Keep all medicines out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not take your medicine after the expiry date given on the carton.
The expiry date is the last day of the month shown on the pack.
If the tablets become discoloured or show any other signs of deterioration,
you should seek the advice of your pharmacist who will tell you what to do.
 Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste.
Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These
measures will help to protect the environment.

6) Further information
What Pletal contains:
 The active substance is cilostazol. Each tablet contains 100 mg cilostazol.
 The other ingredients are maize starch, microcrystalline cellulose,
carmellose calcium, hypromellose and magnesium stearate.
What Pletal looks like and contents of the pack
Pletal is a white, round, flat-faced tablet, debossed with “OG30” on one side
plain on the reverse.
Pletal comes in packs of 56 tablets.
PL 10383/2003

Pletal 100mg Tablets/Cilostazol 100mg Tablets

POM

Who makes and repackages your medicine?
Your medicine is manufactured by Brecon Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Wye Valley
Business Park, Brecon Road, Hay-on-Wye Hereford, HR3 5PG. Procured
from within the EU and repackaged by Product Licence Holder: Primecrown
Ltd, 4/5 Northolt Trading Estate, Northolt, Middlesex UB5 5QS.
Leaflet date: 17.12.2013

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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