Generic Name: aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride
Dosage Form: gel
1. INDICATIONS AND USAGE
AMELUZ® gel, in combination with photodynamic therapy (PDT) using BF-RhodoLED® lamp, a narrowband, red light illumination source, is indicated for lesion-directed and field-directed treatment of actinic keratoses (AKs) of mild-to-moderate severity on the face and scalp.
2. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Important Administration Information
AMELUZ, in conjunction with lesion preparation, is only to be administered by a health care provider.
AMELUZ is for topical use only. Not for ophthalmic, oral, or intravaginal use.
Treat single lesions or an entire field affected by multiple lesions with AMELUZ, in combination with red light photodynamic therapy (PDT). PDT requires administration of both AMELUZ and BF-RhodoLED light. Retreat lesions that have not completely resolved after 3 months after the initial treatment.
Refer to BF-RhodoLED user manual for detailed lamp safety and operating instructions. Both patient and medical personnel conducting the PDT should adhere to all safety instructions.
Dosage and Administration Instructions
PDT is a multi-stage process:
Step 1. Preparation of Lesions
Before applying AMELUZ, carefully wipe all lesions with an ethanol or isopropanol-soaked cotton pad to ensure degreasing of the skin.
Figure 1A: Degreasing the skin
Thereafter, remove any scaling and crusts and gently roughen all lesion surfaces, taking care to avoid bleeding.
Figure 1B: Removal of scales and crust
Step 2. Application of AMELUZ
Use glove protected fingertips or a spatula to apply AMELUZ. Apply gel approximately 1 mm thick and include approximately 5 mm of the surrounding skin. Use sufficient amount of gel to cover the single lesions or if multiple lesions, the entire area. Application area should not exceed 20 cm2 and no more than 2 grams of AMELUZ (one tube) should be used at one time. The gel can be applied to healthy skin around the lesions. Avoid application near mucous membranes such as the eyes, nostrils, mouth, and ears (keep a distance of 1 cm from these areas). In case of accidental contact with these areas, thoroughly rinse with water. Allow the gel to dry for approximately 10 minutes before applying occlusive dressing.
Figure 2: Drug application
Step 3. Occlusion for 3 Hours
Cover the area where the gel has been applied with a light-blocking, occlusive dressing. Following 3 hours of occlusion, remove the dressing and wipe off any remaining gel.
Figure 3: Occlusion
Step 4. Illumination with Red Light
During illumination, patient and medical personnel need to wear suitable protective eyewear.
Immediately after removing occlusion and any remaining gel, illuminate the treatment area with BF-RhodoLED®, a red light source with a narrow spectrum around 635 nm that delivers a light dose of approximately 37 J/cm2 within 10 minutes. Calibration by the operator is not needed; the illumination time is calculated automatically. Position the lamp head 5-8 cm from the skin’s surface. When an area of 8 x 18 cm is illuminated, the effective treatment area is 6 x16 cm. Larger areas can be illuminated in several steps.
Healthy untreated skin surrounding the AK lesions does not need protection during illumination.
Figure 4: Illumination
If for any reason, the lesions cannot be illuminated within 3 hours after AMELUZ application, rinse off the gel with saline and water. For 2 days, protect the lesion sites and surrounding skin from sunlight or prolonged or intense light (e.g., tanning beds, sun lamps).
3. DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
Each gram of Ameluz Gel, 10% contains 100 mg of aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride (equivalent to 78 mg of aminolevulinic acid).
AMELUZ is contraindicated in patients with:
- Known hypersensitivity to porphyrins.
- Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of AMELUZ, which includes soybean phosphatidylcholine.
- Porphyria. AMELUZ use may cause uncontrolled phototoxic effects [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
- Photodermatoses. PDT may worsen the phototoxic or photoallergic reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
5. WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Risk of BF-RhodoLED Lamp Induced Eye Injury
BF-RhodoLED lamp may cause eye irritation, glare, or injury. Before operating the lamp, personnel must refer to the user manual for specific warnings, cautions, and instructions. Eye exposure to the BF-RhodoLED light must be prevented. Protective eye equipment must be used by patient, healthcare providers and any person present during the illumination period. Avoid staring directly into the light source [see Dosage and Administration (2)].
AMELUZ increases photosensitivity. Avoid sunlight, prolonged or intense light (e.g., tanning beds, sun lamps) on lesions and surrounding skin treated with AMELUZ for approximately 48 hours following treatment whether exposed to illumination or not. Concomitant use of AMELUZ with other known photosensitizing agents may increase the risk of phototoxic reaction to PDT [see Drug Interactions (7)].
Risk of Bleeding in Patients with Coagulation Disorders
AMELUZ has not been tested on patients with inherited or acquired coagulation disorders.
Special care should be taken to avoid bleeding during lesion preparation in such patients [see Dosage and Administration (2)]. Any bleeding must be stopped before application of the gel.
Ophthalmic Adverse Reactions
Eyelid edema has occurred with AMELUZ application. AMELUZ can cause ophthalmic adverse reactions. AMELUZ is intended for topical use only. Do not apply AMELUZ into the eyes. Rinse eyes with water in case of accidental contact.
Risk of Mucous Membrane Irritation
AMELUZ can cause mucous membrane irritation. AMELUZ is intended for topical use only. Do not apply AMELUZ to the mucous membranes. Rinse with water in case of accidental contact.
6. ADVERSE REACTIONS
The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:
- Risk of BF-RhodoLED Lamp Induced Eye Injury [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
- Increased Photosensitivity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
- Risk of Bleeding in Patients with Coagulation Disorders [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].
- Ophthalmic Adverse Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
- Risk of Mucous Membrane Irritation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
Clinical Trial Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The clinical program for AMELUZ included three double-blind and placebo-controlled trials (Trials 1, 2, and 3), enrolling a total of 299 subjects that were treated with narrow band light. Trial subjects were adults greater than or equal to 49 years of age, and the majority had Fitzpatrick skin type I, II, or III. No subjects had Fitzpatrick skin type V or VI. Approximately 86% of subjects were male, and all subjects were Caucasian.
For all trials, the enrolled subjects had mild to moderate AKs (Olsen grade 1 and 2) with 4 to 8 lesions on the face and scalp. Overall, 87 placebo-treated subjects (n=16, n=32, n=39) and 212 AMELUZ-treated subjects (n=32, n=55, and n=125) were illuminated with BF-RhodoLED or similar narrow spectrum lamps.
Local skin reactions at the application site were observed in about 99.5% of subjects treated with AMELUZ and narrow spectrum lamps. The most frequent adverse reactions during and after PDT were application site erythema, pain, burning, irritation, edema, pruritus, exfoliation, scab, induration, and vesicles.
Most adverse reactions occurred during illumination or shortly afterwards, were generally of mild or moderate intensity, and lasted for 1 to 4 days in most cases; in some cases, however, they persisted for 1 to 2 weeks or even longer. Severe pain/burning occurred in up to 30% of subjects. In one case, the adverse reactions required interruption or discontinuation of the illumination.
The incidence of common (≥1%, <10%) and very common (≥10%) adverse reactions in randomized, multicenter trials at the application site are presented in Table 1.
Adverse reactions at the
Common (≥1%, <10%) adverse reactions not limited to the application site were chills, headache, and skin exfoliation.
Uncommon (≥0.1%, <1%) adverse reactions at the application site for AMELUZ were hemorrhage and swelling. The adverse reactions not limited to the application site were eyelid edema, feeling hot, pain, pyrexia, ulcer, hyperalgesia, rash pustular, nervousness, blister, petechiae, pruritus, scab and skin erosion.
In a clinical trial designed to investigate the sensitization potential of aminolevulinic acid with 216 healthy subjects, 13 subjects (6%) developed allergic contact dermatitis after continuous exposure for 21 days with doses of aminolevulinic acid that were higher than doses normally used in the treatment of AK.
In addition to adverse reactions reported from clinical trials, the following adverse reactions have been reported during post-approval use of AMELUZ outside the United States. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: erythema, swelling, application site inflammation and skin discoloration.
Eye disorders: eye irritation, diplopia, ocular hyperemia, photophobia, and blurred vision.
7. DRUG INTERACTIONS
There have been no formal studies of the interaction of AMELUZ with other drugs. It is possible that concomitant use of other known photosensitizing agents such as St. John’s wort, griseofulvin, thiazide diuretics, sulfonylureas, phenothiazines, sulphonamides, quinolones and tetracyclines may enhance the phototoxic reaction to PDT [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
8. USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
There are no available data on AMELUZ use in pregnant women to inform a drug associated risk. Animal reproduction studies were not conducted with aminolevulinic acid. Systemic absorption of aminolevulinic acid in humans is negligible following topical administration of AMELUZ under maximal clinical use conditions [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. It is not expected that maternal use of AMELUZ will result in fetal exposure to the drug.
The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population are unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.
No data are available regarding the presence of aminolevulinic acid in human milk, the effects of aminolevulinic acid on the breastfed infant or on milk production. However, breastfeeding is not expected to result in exposure of the child to the drug due to the negligible systemic absorption of aminolevulinic acid in humans following topical administration of AMELUZ under maximal clinical use conditions [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for AMELUZ and any potential adverse effects on the breastfeeding child from AMELUZ or from the underlying maternal condition.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 18 have not been established. AK is not a condition generally seen in the pediatric population.
Of the 384 subjects exposed to AMELUZ in randomized, multicenter clinical trials, 83% (318/384) of the subjects were 65 years old and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.
AMELUZ overdosage following topical administration has not been reported. If AMELUZ is accidentally ingested, monitoring and supportive care is recommended. The patient should be advised to avoid incidental sunlight exposure for 48 hours after ingestion.
Red Light Overdose following AMELUZ Administration
There is no information on overdose of red light from the BF-RhodoLED following AMELUZ application.
AMELUZ (aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride) gel, 10% for topical use is a non-sterile white-to-yellowish gel. The gel formulation contains a nanoemulsion.
Aminolevulinic acid, a porphyrin precursor, is a white to off-white crystalline solid. It is readily soluble in water, methanol, and dimethylformamide. Its chemical name is 5-amino-4-oxo-pentanoic acid hydrochloride, molecular weight is 167.59 and molecular formula is C5H9NO3·HCl. The structural formula of aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride is represented below:
Each gram of AMELUZ contains 100 mg of aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride (equivalent to 78 mg aminolevulinic acid) as the active ingredient and the following inactive ingredients: xanthan gum, soybean phosphatidylcholine, polysorbate 80, medium-chain triglycerides, isopropyl alcohol, dibasic sodium phosphate, monobasic sodium phosphate, propylene glycol, sodium benzoate and purified water.
12. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Mechanism of Action
Photoactivation following topical application of AMELUZ occurs when aminolevulinic acid (prodrug) is metabolized to protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), a photoactive compound which accumulates in the skin. When exposed to red light of a suitable wavelength and energy, PpIX is activated resulting in an excited state of porphyrin molecules. In the presence of oxygen, reactive oxygen species are formed which causes damage to cellular components, and eventually destroys the cells. AMELUZ photodynamic therapy of AK lesions utilizes photoactivation of topically applied AMELUZ resulting from BF-RhodoLED illumination, which provides a red light of narrow spectrum and a light dose of approximately 37 J/cm2.
Pharmacokinetics (PK) of aminolevulinic acid and PpIX was evaluated in a trial of 12 adult subjects with mild to moderate AK with at least 10 AK lesions on the face or forehead. A single dose of one entire tube of AMELUZ (2 grams) was applied under occlusion for 3 hours followed by PDT to a total area of 20 cm2. The mean ± SD baseline plasma aminolevulinic acid and PpIX concentrations were 20.16 ± 16.53 ng/mL and 3.27 ± 2.40 ng/mL, respectively. In most subjects, an up to 2.5-fold increase of aminolevulinic acid plasma concentrations was observed during the first 3 hours after AMELUZ application. The mean ± SD area under the concentration time curve (AUC0-t) and maximum concentration (Cmax) for baseline corrected aminolevulinic acid (n=12) were 142.83 ± 75.50 ng.h/mL and 27.19 ± 20.02 ng/mL, respectively. The median Tmax (time at which Cmax occurred) was 3 hours.
The majority (about 55%) of the PpIX concentrations were below the limit of quantification (LOQ = 1 ng/mL) and baseline corrected values were negative in all subjects except for one. The baseline corrected AUC0-t and Cmax in the single subject was 0.07 ng.h/mL and 0.29 ng/mL, respectively. PK of aminolevulinic acid and PpIX following treatment on the scalp was not evaluated.
13. NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Long-term studies to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of AMELUZ or aminolevulinic acid have not been performed.
Aminolevulinic acid revealed no evidence of mutagenic or clastogenic potential based on the results of three in vitro genotoxicity tests (Ames assay, HPRT test in V79 cells, and Human lymphocyte chromosomal aberration assay) and one in vivo genotoxicity test (mouse micronucleus assay). These genotoxicity studies were conducted without exposure to light. There is a literature report that indicates that aminolevulinic acid may cause genotoxic effects in the presence and in the absence of activating light. These genotoxic effects are likely caused by the formation of reactive oxygen species.
Animal fertility studies have not been conducted with aminolevulinic acid because of the negligible systemic absorption of aminolevulinic acid in humans following topical administration of AMELUZ under maximal clinical use conditions.
14. CLINICAL STUDIES
The efficacy and safety of AMELUZ in combination with PDT using a narrow spectrum (red light lamp) source were evaluated in three randomized, multicenter trials (Trials 1, 2, and 3). Trials 2 and 3 were vehicle-controlled and double-blind. Trial 1 was double-blind with respect to vehicle and observer-blind regarding the active comparator arm. All clinical trials included a follow-up assessment after 6 and 12 months.
In these trials, 212 subjects with 4 to 8 mild to moderate AK lesions on the face/forehead and/or bald scalp were treated with AMELUZ and a narrow band spectrum lamp. Subjects ranged from 49 to 87 years of age (mean 71 years), and 92% had Fitzpatrick skin type I, II, or III. No subjects had Fitzpatrick skin type V or VI. Approximately 86% of subjects were male, and all subjects were Caucasian.
All sessions were comprised of lesion preparation to roughen the surface and remove crusts, application of AMELUZ with occlusion for 3 hours, and removal of the residual gel. Subsequently, the entire treatment area was illuminated with a narrow spectrum red light source, a lamp of either 630 nm or 633 nm and a light dose of approximately 37 J/cm2. In Trial 3, illumination was performed with BF-RhodoLED, a red light source with a narrow spectrum around 635 nm and a light dose of approximately 37 J/cm2.
In all trials, the lesions that were not completely cleared 12 weeks after the initial treatment were treated a second time with an identical regimen. In the trials, 42% (88/212) of subjects needed a second treatment.
The primary endpoint for all trials was complete clearance 12 weeks after the last PDT. The results of Trials 1, 2 and 3 are presented in Table 2.
Narrow Spectrum PDT
Subjects who achieved complete clearance at 12 weeks after the last PDT entered a 12-month follow-up period. In the three trials, subjects who received AMELUZ with the narrowband PDT and achieved complete clearance 12 weeks after the last PDT had recurrence rates of 14%, 11%, and 25%, respectively (at 6 months) and 40%, 22%, and 37%, respectively (at 12 months).
Recurrence was defined as the percentage of subjects with at least one recurrent lesion during the 6-month or 12-month follow-up period in subjects with completely cleared lesions 12 weeks after the last PDT.
In a clinical trial designed to investigate the sensitization potential of aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride with 216 healthy subjects, 13 subjects (6%) developed allergic contact dermatitis after continuous exposure for 21 days with doses of aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride that were higher than doses normally used in the treatment of AK.
16. HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
AMELUZ (aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride) gel, 10% is a white-to-yellowish gel. The drug product is supplied in an aluminum tube with a white, high density polyethylene (HDPE) screw cap. Each tube contains 2 g of gel.
NDC 70621-101-01 2 g tube
Store AMELUZ in a refrigerator, 2°C – 8°C (36°F – 46°F). Excursions permitted to 15°C – 30°C (59°F – 86°F).
After opening, AMELUZ can be stored for up to 12 weeks in a refrigerator at 2°C – 8°C (36°F – 46°F) if the tube is tightly closed.
17. PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION
Advise patients that for approximately 48 hours following treatment to avoid exposure to sunlight, and prolonged or intense light on the treated lesion sites and surrounding skin.
Common Adverse Reactions
Inform patients that treatment with AMELUZ in combination with PDT may result in adverse reactions which include local skin reactions at the application site such as erythema, pain/burning, irritation, edema, pruritus, exfoliation, induration, scab, and vesicles.
AMELUZ and BF-RhodoLED are registered trade marks of Biofrontera Pharma GmbH.
US patent 6,559,183 and pending patent application US 2009/0324727
201 Edgewater Dr.
Wakefield, MA 01880
INSTRUCTION FOR USE
BF-RhodoLED® (US model)
Manufacturer: Biofrontera Pharma GmbH
Distributor: Biofrontera Inc.
Thank you for choosing BF-RhodoLED® LED lamp for your photodynamic therapy. BF-RhodoLED® has been developed in accordance with applicable technical standards to provide high energy efficiency as well as constant light emission at the desired wavelength.
Your lamp must be installed and maintained by a certified Biofrontera technician and used only in accordance with the instructions in this manual. You may request the latest printed version covering this model from Biofrontera at any time.
Our drug Ameluz® and medical device BF-RhodoLED® have been approved in combination for photodynamic therapy; the only approved use of our lamp is in combination with Ameluz® gel. This user manual provides important BF-RhodoLED® product details, cautions and warnings, and operating instructions. For Ameluz®, please use its USPI. The Ameluz® prescribing information includes information on how to use the gel along with contraindications, warnings and precautions and dosage and administration.
Thorough reading and use of both this user manual and the Ameluz® USPI is required prior to treatment.
Our combination Ameluz®/BF-RhodoLED® for photodynamic therapy is only to be used by physicians or healthcare professionals.
For futher questions about Ameluz®, BF-RhodoLED® or the combination therapy please contact your sales representative or Biofrontera (Ameluz-US@biofrontera.com). See contact information below:
201 Edgewater Drive
Warranty and Disclaimers
Please see the terms and conditions of your contract for this information.
1 Intended Use
BF-RhodoLED® is a red light emitting LED lamp which is used exclusively in combination with Ameluz® gel for lesion-directed and field-directed treatment of actinic keratoses (AKs) of mild-to-moderate severity on the face and scalp.
2 BF-RhodoLED® - General Description
BF-RhodoLED® is comprised of three main components, the lamp head, the easily adjustable scissor arm, and the mobile frame with castors for smooth transport. In addition, the lamp has a convenient touchscreen monitor, storage shelf, aids for positioning the lamp head and a variable speed patient fan that can be regulated throughout the treatment.
3 Warnings and Precautions
|The BF-RhodoLED® has been developed for use in photodynamic therapy in combination with Ameluz® gel. Any other use or combination of use is prohibited.|
|During PDT side-effects such as application site erythema, pain, irritation, edema, pruritus, exfoliation, scab, induration and vesicles may occur. For further information please see Ameluz® USPI chapter 6.|
|The user manual must be read carefully prior to using the BF-RhodoLED®.|
|The BF-RhodoLED® may only be used by healthcare professionals who have received adequate training in its use.|
|To avoid eye irritation, glare, or injury, protective eye equipment must be used by patient, healthcare providers and any person present during the illumination period.|
|Neither the BF-RhodoLED® nor the power supply unit should be exposed to excessive mechanical stress or serviced by unauthorized personnel. Assembly and servicing may only be carried out by Biofrontera certified professionals.|
|Risk of trapping fingers! The mobility of the bracket arm may be obstructed by objects placed in or near slots!
Depending on positioning, the scissor arm slots below each connecting portion of the scissor arm and to the right of the support rail can cause fingers or objects to become trapped. When transporting or adjusting the lamp please ensure that fingers or other objects are NOT placed in or near the slots (see Figure 1).
|Beware of Tipping!
If the castors are in locked position, the lamp will tip over if exposed to lateral force. Leaning against the device or using it for support is not permitted.
Do not place the lamp on uneven or unstable surfaces.
Do not place heavy objects on the storage shelf or use for sitting, leaning or pushing, as this can lead to the device tipping over.
|In order to avoid the risk of electrical shock, the device may only be connected to a power supply with a grounded connection.|
|Neither the BF-RhodoLED® nor its touchscreen monitor may come into contact with water as this may lead to severe damage or electrical shock (exception: cleaning with a damp cloth).|
|The plexiglass plate may NOT be touched during or directly after treatment as, in the event of faulty operation, the maximum temperature can reach approx. 73 °C (163.4 °F).|
|The BF-RhodoLED® should be operated and housed indoors in areas with temperatures between 0°C and 40°C (32°F and 104°F), and relative humidity of 10 % to 90 %.|
|Medical electronic devices require special precautionary measures with regard to the electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC); to avoid elect-magnetic disturbances, please do not place the device close to other electrical devices.|
|There is a risk of tripping over the power cord or the lamp base. When transporting or when device is not in use, unplug and keep the power cord wound around the star knobs.|
|Ensure that the touchscreen monitor is always returned to the fixture intended for this purpose, located on the storage shelf. Storing the touchscreen monitor by hanging it can lead to damage to the spiral cord and the plug fitting.|
The touchscreen monitor should not be exposed to strong external pressure or sharp objects.
|Both the maintenance and the assembly of the BF-RhodoLED® and its components (including the opening of individual components) may only be carried out by professionals certified and trained by Biofrontera. In the event of servicing or assembly being carried out by any other party, Biofrontera assumes no responsibility or liability regarding the safety or use of the device.|
Figure 1: The scissor arm in parked position. Arrows indicate potential points where fingers can get trapped
4 BF-RhodoLED® Technical Description
4.1 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
The light-field of the BF-RhodoLED® consists of a total of 128 LEDs and lenses (arranged in a rectangle), which emit a uniform, bundled, visible red light with a typical peak wavelength of approximately 635 nm. The half-band width of the lamp is 20 nm.
Figure 2: a) Typical light spectrum of the LEDs of the BF-RhodoLED®
b) Absorption spectrum of PPIX in cells (Moan et al., 1996)
The BF-RhodoLED® LEDs are calibrated so that the skin being treated receives a light dosage of approximately 37 J/cm2 under the following conditions:
- Radiation time of 10 minutes
- Treatment distance of 5-8 cm (Optimum 6 cm)
The illumination area of the LED lamp is 8 x 18 cm. As the intensity decreases towards the edge of this area, the effective treatment area is reduced to 6 x 16 cm.
4.2 Lamp Components
The BF-RhodoLED® LED lamp consists of the following components (figure 3):
- Lamp head with holding bracket
- Scissor arm
- Storage shelf with control unit (touchscreen monitor)
- Mobile frame and lamp base (includes support rail, castors and power supply)
Figure 3: BF-RhodoLED® main components
The swivel range to the left and right of the vertical rail is +/- 24°. The lamp head can be adjusted horizontally and vertically and tilted sideways. The scissor arm with internal gas springs allows seamless adjustment of the lamp head to any position.
5 Eye Protection
In order to avoid eye irritation, glare or injury, protective eye equipment must be used by patient, healthcare providers and any person present during the illumination period. Do not stare into the light source! The operator and other persons present must wear protective glasses with a visible light transmission (VLT) of approximately 10%. The patient must wear eye protection such as disposable eye protection pads or eye caps with an optical density for visible light of 6 or higher. Both options are effective and comfortable for use during treatment.
Note: Eyewear is not part of the medical device. Please carefully read any accompanying usage information before using any eye protection.
6 BF-RhodoLED® PDT Summarized Step-by-Step Instructions
These instructions should be used in conjunction with detailed operating instructions below (chapter 7). The section titles and numbers listed next to the instruction refer to the detailed instructions and/or descriptions that correspond with each step.
Note: Every user of the BF-RhodoLED has to be trained in operating the device. The initial training is provided by Biofrontera during set-up of the BF-RhodoLED. Recurrent training is not mandatory but can be provided by Biofrontera employees.
|STEP 1)||Plug in lamp.|
|STEP 2)||Turn on the lamp and wait for home screen to appear (see chapter 7.1).|
|STEP 3)||Position patient comfortably and prepare skin area to be treated following the USPI of Ameluz®.|
|STEP 4)||Place protective eyewear on patient (see chapter 5).|
|STEP 5)||Position the lamp and adjust the lamp head over the skin area to be treated (distance 5-8 cm) (see chapter 7.3.1).|
|STEP 6)||Put on protective eyewear and make sure anyone remaining in the treatment room also wears protective eyewear.|
|STEP 7)||Start treatment by pressing "Treatment" on the home screen, press "Start" on the treatment screen, and press "Start" once again in the profile screen. The illumination period of 10 minutes begins (see chapter 7.3.2).
Remind the patient to remain still throughout the illumination period.
If sound tone during treatment is activated, explain the beep sequence to the patient.
If the patient needs a break, press "Break" on the profile standard screen. To resume treatment, press "Start" on the profile standard screen (see chapter 7.3.2).
To abort the illuminaton, press "Stop" on the profile standard screen.
Adjust fan speed as needed by patient by pressing plus or minus 1% or 10% on the profile standard screen.
Stay with the patient at all times during the illumination period.
|STEP 8)||At the end of the illumination period, remove patients protective eyewear and follow further instructions in the Ameluz® USPI.|
7 Detailed Operating Instructions
Note: The transportation of the lamp shall be done when the scissor arm is completely folded. During transportation one hand shall hold on to the support rail or storage shelf while the other hand holds the scissor arm.
Note: Before turning on the lamp, the power cord must be plugged in. After connecting, the lamp can be turned on and used following the instructions below.
Note: Every user of the BF-RhodoLED has to be trained in operating the device. The initial training is provided by Biofrontera during set-up of the BF-RhodoLED. Recurrent training is not mandatory but can be provided by Biofrontera employees.
|In order to avoid eye irritation, glare or injury, protective eye equipment must be used by patient, healthcare providers and any person present during the illumination period.|
7.1 Turning the Lamp On or Off
The on-off switch is located on the left side of the touchscreen monitor, close to its spiral cord. With the lamp plugged in, press the button to start the device.
Important: This push button can also be used to turn the lamp off. Switching off the lamp can also be done by pressing the switch off button on the touchscreen (see chapter 7.2.2 "Home Screen").
Figure 4: Touchscreen monitor
7.2 Touchscreen Monitor and Menu
When using the touchscreen, please firmly press the center of the buttons shown on the screen to ensure it is read correctly by the software. Do not press too quickly, the input may not be read by the software. The touchscreen can be used while wearing commercially available examination gloves.
7.2.1 Start Screen
The Biofrontera corporate logo and software version are displayed during the LED lamp operating system start-up (figure 5). The operating system takes approximately 30 seconds to load.
Figure 5: Start screen
7.2.2 Home Screen
The home screen appears after the operating system has loaded. From the home screen you can select "Treatment", "Settings" or "Service" (Figure 6). In the "Treatment" menu only one treatment profile "profile standard" is available. The illumination time and light intensity of this program are fixed (see 7.3.2 for further information). The "Settings" menu allows adjustment of language, time, date, audio signals and power saving settings (see 7.4 for further information). The "Service" menu may only be accessed by Biofrontera service technicians. You can turn the LED lamp off by pressing the button.
Figure 6: Home screen
7.3 Conducting a Treatment
Prior to starting a treatment, make sure the lamp is set-up in accordance with the operating instructions described in the following sections.
7.3.1 Positioning the Lamp Head
Position the lamp head over the skin area to be treated at a distance of 5-8 cm. Use the adjustable distance indicator and graduated scale bar to help measure and aid in achieving the correct distance (figure 7).
Figure 7: Positioning of the lamp head to the treated skin area
To further aid positioning, use the adjustment light. On the touchscreen, press the following buttons in sequence (starting in the home screen): "Treatment", "Adjust" and "Start Adjustment" (figure 8). The adjustment light shows what the field of illumination will be during treatment but at a lower intensity. When finished, press "Stop adjustment" and then "Back" to return to the treatment menu (figure 9).
Figure 8: Treatment menu
Figure 9: Start and Stop adjustment
7.3.2 Treatment Menu
The standard illumination profile is depicted in a graph in the treatment menu. The x- and y-axis specify the treatment duration and light intensity respectively (Figure 13).
Figure 10: Treatment menu
In the treatment menu (figure 10), press the "Start" button to access the profile standard screen.
7.3.3 Profile Standard Menu
In the profile screen menu, press "Start" to begin treatment (figure 11). You can interrupt the treatment at any time by pressing the "Break" button. Press the "Start" button to resume the treatment. Abort the current treatment by pressing the "Stop" button.
If you press "Stop" prior to the end of the total treatment time, 10 minutes, the clock will reset and any interim treatment time will be not be saved.
Figure 11: Profile standard
After pressing "Stop" or upon completion of the full 10 minute treatment the software will automatically return you to the treatment menu.
The remaining treatment time is displayed to the right of the graph and the red vertical line within the graph indicates the time that has elapsed.
During treatment the patient will hear audio signals, 1 beep indicating 25 %, 2 beeps indicating 50 % and 3 beeps indicating 75 % of the PDT is completed, and upon treatment completion, 4 beeps will be heard.
You can control the speed of the patient fan both before and during treatment with the plus and minus buttons, in increments of 1 % or 10 %. The patient fan continues to run when the treatment is paused ("Break"). The fan can be stopped by pressing "Stop" but be aware the treatment will also be aborted and any elapsed treatment time will not be saved.
7.4 Settings Menu
The settings menu is invoked (figure 15) by pressing the "Settings" button in the home screen view (see figure 9).
Figure 12: Settings menu
You can configure the following parameters in this menu:
- Energy service (Power management)
Switch back to the home screen menu via the "Back" button.
7.4.1 Language Settings
Select a language by tapping on the desired language. Use the arrow keys to scroll through the list. Confirm the selected language with the "OK" button (figure 13). Switch back to the settings menu without saving changes by pressing the "Back" button instead of OK.
Figure 13: Language setting
7.4.2 Time Settings
Set the time via the plus and minus buttons and confirm by pressing "OK" in the menu shown in figure 14. Confirm your selection by pressing "OK". Pressing "Back" or "OK" will return you to the settings menu.
Figure 14: Time settings
7.4.3 Date Setting
Select the date by clicking on it and confirm by pressing the "OK" button (figure 15). Pressing "Back" or "OK" will return you to the settings menu (figure 12).
Figure 15: Date setting
7.4.4 Sound Settings
Activate and deactivate the audio signals for typing, warnings and sounds during the treatment. To do this, select the desired fields, a check mark means the sound is on and confirm with the "OK" button (figure 16). If "Turn off sound" is activated, all signal tones are switched off. Upon completing set-up, close the menu via the "Back" button. You will be returned to the settings menu.
Important Note: Warning sounds will be emitted if an error occurs during operation of the lamp.
Figure 16: Sound setting
7.4.5 Energy Service (Power Management)
Providing the standby function is not manually deactivated via the check box "Never turn off lamp automatically" located near the bottom of the screen, the lamp will turn off after 10 minutes of non-use (figure 17). You can change this time span in the menu "Energy service" via the plus and minus buttons. The settings are confirmed with the "OK" button and rejected with the "Back" button. In both cases you will return to the settings menu.
Figure 17: Energy management
If the configured time expires, a request appears for 10 seconds asking if you wish to prevent shut down. The LED lamp turns off automatically afterwards.
7.5 Service Menu
Authorization is required to access the service menu. Only authorized Biofrontera personnel can access the service menu.
8 Error Messages
The BF-RhodoLED® has an integrated monitoring function. In the event of a malfunction, an error message will appear in the message display. Possible error messages are set out in the table below.
|Error message||Possible causes||Measures|
||Wait until the standard temperature has been reached.
Check the ventilator and test the air inlets and outlets. Remove any visible foreign objects which may be present.
In case of continuing impairment of cooling please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera.
||A service is required soon. Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera.|
Treatment no longer possible!
||Certain service is mandatory. Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera.|
Please inform yor supplier.
||Further treatments may be carried out. However, please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera immediately.|
Treatment no longer possible.
||A repair of the lamp head is mandatory. Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera immediately.|
||Confirm the communication error. Treatments can be continued in the treatment menu by pressing the "Start" button.
Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera.
|Lamp not calibrated!||
||The lamp has to be calibrated. Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera immediately.|
|Fehler-Nr.: 0084 Please inform your supplier.||
||The lamp head has to be repaired. Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera.|
|Firmware of light head is faulty or missing!
Please inform your supplier.
||An update of the firmware has to be performed. Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera.|
|Backup battery empty||
||The backup battery has to be promptly exchanged.
Please contact your local sales representative or Biofrontera.
If your LED lamp no longer functions properly for some unknown reason, proceed as follows:
- Unplug the power supply for half a minute and then plug back into the outlet (This action prompts a software reboot).
- Turn the lamp back on using the touchscreen monitor and verify functionality.
Should the problem persist, please contact your sales representative or Biofrontera. The lamp may not be used until the problem has been rectified.
For all other malfunctions and difficulties with operation please contact your sales representative or Biofrontera. You will find the contact details on page 2.
Servicing may only be performed by Biofrontera authorized personnel or duly authorized liscenced partners.
Maintenance of the light intensity (calibration) is required after every 12,000 hours of operation or every 2 years, whichever comes sooner. The message "Service required" will appear on the touchscreen monitor 20 months after initial installation or last calibration or after 10,000 operating hours. When this message appears, a maintenance appointment must be scheduled through your sales representative or the device will ultimately not allow further treatments.
The gas springs in the scissor arm of the lamp must also be serviced and, if required, readjusted annually.
Contact your sales representative or Biofrontera to schedule all service appointments.
10 Maintenance and Cleaning
The device may under no circumstances be cleaned with aggressive cleaning agents or solvents (e.g. acetone), as these promote wear and tear of the surface (paint coating), safety signs and graduated scale bar as well as the logo. Please avoid allowing any penetration of liquids into the lamp, BF RhodoLED® is not waterproof and the electronics inside may be damaged.
Always unplug the lamp prior to cleaning and please observe the following cleaning practices:
|Daily:||Wipe the plexiglass screen located on the bottom of the lamp head with a damp soft cloth (e. g. a microfibre cloth).|
|Weekly:||Wipe the entire lamp with a soft, dry or damp cloth. Do not use a very wet or dripping cleaning cloth. The unit is not waterproof and damage could occur.|
|Please observe the following checks:|
|Monthly:||Check lamp for obvious visible damage such as damaged cables, worn off labeling, cracks on the lamp housing, etc.|
11 Disposal Instructions
Follow all local and governmental disposal laws and regulations when disposing of the BF-RhodoLED®.
12 Technical Data
12.1 Electrical connectors
Power supply unit:
- Primary wide-range input 120-240 VAC
- Secondary safety extra-low voltage output 48 VDC
- Secondary standby voltage output 5 VDC
Mother board for voltage management and control:
- Supply voltage input 48 VDC
- Standby voltage input 5 VDC plus Standby contact
- RS485 interface
- Output supply voltage HMI board 24 VDC
- 4 x ports LED board 8-pin (2 x LED circuits, temperature (3-pin))
- 4 x connector ventilator (2-pin)
- 2 x ports mother board 8-pin (2 x LED circuits, temperature (3-pin))
Human Machine Interface (HMI) for operation:
- Supply voltage input 24 VDC
- RS485 interface
Medical device class III; Device of protection class 1
|Software Version No.||1.0_US_CAN|
|Service life of the lamp||Approx. 4 years of continuous operation|
|Shelf life||1.5 years|
|Number of LEDs||128|
|Typical peak wavelength||Approx. 635 nm|
|Light dose (6 cm distance, 10 min)||Approx. 37 J/ cm2|
|Illuminated area||An area of 8x18 cm is illuminated. The effective treatment area is 6x16 cm.|
|Transport and storage conditions||
Temperature: -30°C to +60°C (-22°F to +140°F)
Atmospheric pressure: 500 hPa - 1060 hPa
Temperature: 0°C to +40°C (32°F to +104°F)
Atmospheric pressure: 500 hPa - 1060 hPa
|Operating voltage||120-240 VAC, 50/60 Hz|
|Output voltage||48 VDC|
In calibrated normal operation: approx. 140 VA
In standby mode: approx. 85 VA
|Degree of contamination||2|
|Material group (CTI)||IIIb|
|Total lamp weight||Approx. 48 kg|
For further information please directly contact Biofrontera.
13 Labeling and Symbols
13.1 Labelling on the Lamp
The product sticker is located on the reverse side of the lamp base (see figure 18). It contains manufacturer and product specifications (classification, serial and order number and the power supply used) as well as IP (Ingress) protection. In addition a unique device identifier label is placed next to the product sticker.
Figure 18: Product and UDI label
Labels with safety instructions, special disposal instructions and further instructions are represented in the following figures 19 to 24.
Figure 19: Instructions and notes on the lamp head
Figure 20: Instructions on the storage shelf
Figure 21: Instructions on the scissors arm
Instructions for existing ground connector connections (see figure 22) are located:
- Next to the grounding screws, which are located within and next to the power supply cover box beneath the mobile castor, respectively
- On the power supply cover box (see figure 23)
Figure 22: Instructions for ground connector connection
Figure 23: BF-RhodoLED®
Instructions on the existing potential compensator conductor is located on the carrier bar beneath the potential compensator conductor (see figure 24).
Figure 24: Potential compensator conductor
All depicted symbols are summarized in a table in section 13.2 "Explanation of symbols".
13.2 Description of Symbols
|Eye protection is required.|
|IP20||IP (Ingress Protection):
Protection class of the housing against contact, foreign bodies and water
2 = against ingress of solid foreign bodies ≥ 12,5 mm Ø and larger
0 = Not protected against water
|Technical and electric devices must not be disposed of with household waste. Please pay attention to the applicable disposal instructions found in the user manual.|
|Symbol for existing ground connector connections|
|Follow the instructions for use!|
|General warning signs:
|Warning sign - risk of trapping fingers!|
|Symbol for existing potential compensation conductor|
|Please do not stand on or push. There is a risk that the device may fall over through of the force applied.|
|Please do not sit on the equipment. There is a risk that the device may fall over through the force applied.|
13.3 Labelling on the Packaging
Package 1 and 2: Attention: Protect from moisture and keep dry!
Package 1 and 2: Attention: Please transport and store at -30°C/ -22°F to +60°C/ 140°F, a relative humidity of 10% to 90% and at an atmospheric pressure of 500 hPa (5 kPa) - 1060 hPa (10,6 kPa).
Package 1 and 2: Attention: Do not throw the package, damage possible!
Package 2: Attention: heavy, do NOT lift alone.
- Labelling of the individual packages with package 1 and package 2
Package 1: Attention: Stack to a maximum height of two packages!
Package 2: Attention: Do not stack!
Package 1: Attention: The extension and scissors arm of the unit consisting of lamp head, lamp holder and extension and scissors arm is packed in a taut position. When removing from its packing case, please ensure that the extension and scissors arm is in a taut position under reciprocal pressure in order to release easily.
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – INNER/OUTER PACKAGING
(aminolevulinic aciid HCl) Gel, 10%
For Topical Use Only RX Only
Net Wt. 2 g
Distributed By: Biofrontera Inc.
Ameluz® Rx Only
(aminolevulinic acid HCl) Gel, 10%
Use contents within 3 months after opening. Discard after: __/ __/ __.
Store refrigerated 2°-8°C (36°-46°F), excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).
Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
See package insert for dosage information. Net Wt. 2 g
Distributed By: Biofrontera Inc. Product of Switzerland
201 Edgewater Dr.
Wakefield, MA 01880, USA
For Topical Use Only with BF-RhodoLED® lamp
Healthcare Professionals Only
Ingredients: Each gram of Ameluz Gel contains 100 mg of the active ingredient, aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride and the following inactive ingredients: xanthan gum, soybean phosphatidylcholine, polysorbate 80, medium-chain triglyceride, isopropyl alcohol, dibasic sodium phosphate, monobasic sodium phosphate, propylene glycol, sodium benzoate and purified water
aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride gel
|Labeler - Biofrontera Inc. (080213133)|
|Registrant - Biofrontera Bioscience GmbH (344449645)|
|Parabolic Drugs Ltd||650696037||API MANUFACTURE(70621-101)|
|Glaropharm AG||483257270||MANUFACTURE(70621-101), PACK(70621-101), LABEL(70621-101)|
|Labor L+S AG||313710642||ANALYSIS(70621-101)|
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