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Kevzara (sarilumab) Disease Interactions

There are 8 disease interactions with Kevzara (sarilumab):

Major

Interleukin inhibitors (applies to Kevzara) immunization

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Vaccination

Patients requiring non-live vaccination during a course of therapy with interleukin inhibitors may not be protected from the vaccine as the immune response might not be sufficient to prevent the disease. It is recommended to be up-to-date with all required immunizations, as recommended by current immunization guidelines, before initiating therapy with these agents. Patients treated with interleukin inhibitors should not receive live vaccines due to potentially increased risk of infections. Caution is advised when administering live vaccines to household contacts of patients receiving interleukin inhibitors because of the potential risk for shedding from the household contact and transmission to patient.

Moderate

Interleukin inhibitors (applies to Kevzara) infections

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Infection - Bacterial/Fungal/Protozoal/Viral

There have been reports of serious infections, including infections with opportunistic pathogens, and reactivation of latent infections in patients receiving interleukin inhibitors. Treatment with these agents should not be initiated in patients with an active infection until the infection resolves or is adequately treated. Caution is recommended when considering the use of interleukin inhibitors in patients with a history of recurrent infections, underlying conditions which may predispose them to infections, or chronic, latent, or localized infections.

Moderate

Interleukin inhibitors (applies to Kevzara) tuberculosis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Tuberculosis -- Active, Tuberculosis -- Latent, History - Tuberculosis

Before initiating certain interleukin inhibitors, patients should be screened for latent tuberculosis infection with a tuberculin skin test. Do not administer these agents to patients with an active tuberculosis infection. Patients testing positive in tuberculosis screening should be treated by standard medical practice prior to therapy. Anti-tuberculosis therapy should be considered prior to initiation of therapy in patients with a past history of latent or active tuberculosis in whom an adequate course of treatment cannot be confirmed, and for patients with a negative test for latent tuberculosis but having risk factors for tuberculosis infection.

Moderate

Sarilumab (applies to Kevzara) blood disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: History - Blood Dyscrasias, Thrombocytopenia, Neutropenia

The use of sarilumab is associate with higher incidence of decrease in absolute neutrophil count (ANC), including neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. It is recommended to assess neutrophil count and platelet count prior to initiation of therapy and monitor these levels 4 to 8 weeks after start of therapy and every 3 months thereafter. Dose modification may be necessary based on the pharmacodynamics of the changes in ANC. Care is recommended when using this agent in patients with blood disorders.

Moderate

Sarilumab (applies to Kevzara) diverticulitis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Gastrointestinal Diverticula, Gastrointestinal Obstruction

Gastrointestinal (GI) perforations have been reported with the use of sarilumab. GI perforation risk may be increased with concurrent diverticulitis or concomitant use of NSAIDs or corticosteroids. Assess patients for gastrointestinal complications prior to beginning therapy and promptly evaluate patients presenting with new onset abdominal symptoms.

Moderate

Sarilumab (applies to Kevzara) hepatic impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Liver Disease

The use of sarilumab is associate with transaminase elevations; therefore, treatment with sarilumab is not recommended in patients with active hepatic disease or hepatic impairment. It is recommended to assess ALT/AST levels prior to initiation of treatment and monitor ALT and AST levels 4 to 8 weeks after start of therapy and every 3 months thereafter. When clinically indicated, consider other liver function tests such as bilirubin. Dose modification based on transaminase elevations might be warranted. The safety and efficacy or sarilumab have not been conducted in patients with hepatic impairment, including patients with positive HBV or HCV serology.

Moderate

Sarilumab (applies to Kevzara) hyperlipidemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

The use of sarilumab is associate with increases in lipid parameters such as LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and/or triglycerides. Care should be exercised when using this agent in patients with lipid abnormalities. It is recommended to assess lipid parameters at baseline and parameters approximately 4 to 8 weeks following initiation of treatment, then at approximately 6 months intervals.

Moderate

Sarilumab (applies to Kevzara) renal dysfunction

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

Monoclonal antibodies, including sarilumab, are not eliminated via renal pathway. No dose adjustment is required in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment. The use of sarilumab has not been evaluated in patients with severe renal impairment. Care should be exercised.

Kevzara (sarilumab) drug interactions

There are 213 drug interactions with Kevzara (sarilumab)

Kevzara (sarilumab) alcohol/food interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Kevzara (sarilumab)

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.