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Nizoral (ketoconazole) Disease Interactions

There are 4 disease interactions with Nizoral (ketoconazole):

Major

Ketoconazole (Includes Nizoral) ↔ Hepatotoxicity

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

Serious hepatotoxicity including cases with a fatal outcome or requiring liver transplant have been reported. Some patients had no obvious risk factors for liver disease. Liver function tests should be performed prior to initiation of therapy and regularly during treatment in patients receiving prolonged therapy with ketoconazole, particularly those with a current or past history of liver disease. Therapy should be withdrawn if persistent elevations or worsening of liver enzyme levels occur, or if the abnormalities are accompanied by symptoms of possible liver injury. Since ketoconazole is primarily metabolized by the liver, empirically reducing the dosage may also be appropriate in patients with existing liver disease. The use of oral ketoconazole tablets is contraindicated in patients with acute or chronic liver disease.

References

  1. "Product Information. Nizoral (ketoconazole)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
  2. Stricker BH, Blok AP, Bronkhorst FB, et al "Ketoconazole-associated hepatic injury: a clinicopathological study of 55 cases." J Hepatol 3 (1986): 399-406
  3. Bercoff E, Bernuau J, Degott C, et al "Ketoconazole-induced fulminant hepatitis." Gut 26 (1985): 636-8
View all 11 references
Moderate

Azole Antifungals (Includes Nizoral) ↔ Qt Prolongation

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Long QT Syndrome, Arrhythmias

Most of the azole antifungals have been associated with prolongation of the QT interval. There have been postmarketing rare reports of QT prolongation, and torsade de pointes usually involving patients with risk factors such as structural heart disease, electrolyte abnormalities, and concomitant medications. These drugs should be administered with caution to patients with potentially proarrhythmic conditions. Concomitant use with other medications that have potential to increase the risk of cardiotoxicity should be avoided.

Moderate

Ketoconazole (Includes Nizoral) ↔ Achlorhydria

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Achlorhydria

Nizoral (brand of ketoconazole) tablets require acidity for proper dissolution and absorption. Therefore, the drug may not be effective in patients with achlorhydria. Taking the medication with an acidic beverage such as orange or cranberry juice may help, but an alternative antifungal agent should be considered.

References

  1. Lake-Bakaar G, Tom W, Lake-Bakaar D, et al "Gastropathy and ketoconazole malabsorption in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)." Ann Intern Med 109 (1988): 471-3
  2. Daneshmend TK, Warnock DW, Ene MD, et al "Influence of food on the pharmacokinetics of ketoconazole." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 25 (1984): 1-3
  3. Mannisto PT, Mantyla R, Nykanen S, et al "Impairing effect of food on ketoconazole absorption." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 21 (1982): 730-3
View all 5 references
Moderate

Ketoconazole (Includes Nizoral) ↔ Adrenal Insufficiency

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Adrenal Insufficiency

Ketoconazole tablets decrease adrenal corticosteroid secretion at doses of 400 mg and higher. Adrenal function should be monitored in patients with adrenal insufficiency or with borderline adrenal function and in patients with prolonged periods of stress due to major surgery, intensive care, etc.

Nizoral (ketoconazole) drug Interactions

There are 738 drug interactions with Nizoral (ketoconazole)

Nizoral (ketoconazole) alcohol/food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Nizoral (ketoconazole)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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