Skip to Content
Is it Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency? Get more info

Haldol (haloperidol) Disease Interactions

There are 21 disease interactions with Haldol (haloperidol):

Major

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Haldol) ↔ Dementia

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Dementia

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death, mostly from cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) causes. A causal relationship with antipsychotic use has not been established. In controlled trials, treatment with some atypical antipsychotic drugs had was also associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis. These agents are not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis.

Major

Haloperidol (Includes Haldol) ↔ Hyperthyroidism

Severe Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Hyperthyroidism

The use of neuroleptic agents in the presence of thyrotoxicosis has been associated with severe neurotoxicity that includes rigidity and inability to walk or talk. Therapy with haloperidol should be administered cautiously in patients with thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism.

References

  1. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
Major

Haloperidol (Includes Haldol) ↔ Parkinsonism

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Parkinsonism

The use of neuroleptic agents is associated with pseudo- parkinsonian symptoms such as akinesia, bradykinesia, tremors, pill- rolling motion, cogwheel rigidity, and postural abnormalities including stooped posture and shuffling gait. The onset is usually 1 to 2 weeks following initiation of therapy or an increase in dosage. Older neuroleptic agents such as haloperidol are more likely to induce these effects. The manufacturers of haloperidol consider its use to be contraindicated in patients with Parkinson's disease.

References

  1. Sheppard C, Merlis S "Drug-induced extrapyramidal symptoms: their incidence and treatment." Am J Psychiatry 123 (1967): 886-9
  2. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  3. Moleman P, Janzen G, von Bargen BA, et al "Relationship between age and incidence of parkinsonism in psychiatric patients treated with haloperidol." Am J Psychiatry 143 (1986): 232-4
View all 6 references
Major

Miscellaneous Antipsychotics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Cns Depression/Coma

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Altered Consciousness, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

The use of most miscellaneous antipsychotics is contraindicated in patients with severe central nervous system depression or comatose states from any cause (e.g., lesion, disease, drug or alcohol induced).

Elderly patients with dementia- related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at increased risk of death. Most of these drugs are not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia- related psychosis.

Major

Miscellaneous Antipsychotics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Previous Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (Nms)

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS), a potentially fatal symptom complex, has been reported in association with the use of antipsychotic drugs. The diagnostic evaluation is complicated and the management requires immediate discontinuation of the antipsychotic therapy and intensive symptomatic treatment and medical monitoring. If a patient that has recovered from NMS requires antipsychotic drug treatment again, the reintroduction of therapy should be carefully considered as NMS recurrences have been reported.

Major

Miscellaneous Antipsychotics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Seizure Disorders

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: CNS Disorder, Alcoholism, Seizures

Antipsychotics can lower the seizure threshold and trigger seizures in a dose-dependent manner. Seizures have been reported in patients receiving antipsychotic therapy and may occur in epileptic patients even with maintenance of routine anticonvulsant treatment. Therapy with antipsychotics should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or other predisposing factors, such as head trauma, CNS abnormalities, and alcoholism. High dosages should be avoided if possible.

References

  1. "Product Information. Loxitane C Oral Concentrate (loxapine)" Watson Laboratories Inc, Corona, CA.
  2. Markowitz J, Brown R "Seizures with neuroleptics and antidepressants." Gen Hosp Psychiatry 9 (1987): 135-41
  3. Lowry MR, Dunner FJ "Seizures during tricyclic therapy." Am J Psychiatry 137 (1980): 1461-2
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism

The use of neuroleptic agents is contraindicated in patients with acute alcohol intoxication exhibiting depressed vital signs. The central nervous system depressant effects of neuroleptic agents may be additive with those of alcohol. Severe respiratory depression and respiratory arrest may occur. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients who might be prone to acute alcohol intake.

References

  1. "Product Information. Geodon (ziprasidone)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. "Product Information. Zyprexa (olanzapine)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
  3. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
View all 10 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Cardiovascular Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Cerebrovascular Insufficiency, History - Cerebrovascular Disease, History - Myocardial Infarction, Hypotension, Heart Disease

Neuroleptic agents may cause hypotension (including orthostatic hypotension), reflex tachycardia, increased pulse rate, syncope and dizziness, particularly during initiation of therapy or rapid escalation of dosage. Tolerance to the hypotensive effects often develops after a few doses to a few weeks. Rarely, fatal cardiac arrest has occurred secondary to severe hypotension. Other reported adverse cardiovascular effects include hypertension, edema, arrhythmias, thrombophlebitis, myocarditis, angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and ECG abnormalities such as PR and QT interval prolongation, diffuse T-wave flattening, and ST segment depression. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with severe cardiovascular disease, pheochromocytoma, a predisposition to hypotension, or conditions that could be exacerbated by hypotension such as a history of myocardial infarction, angina, or ischemic stroke. Close monitoring of cardiovascular status, including ECG changes, is recommended at all dosages. If parenteral therapy is given, patients should be in a supine position during administration and for at least 30 to 60 minutes afterwards. Patients who experience orthostatic hypotension should be cautioned not to rise too abruptly. Occasionally, when severe, hypotension may require treatment with vasoconstrictive agents such as norepinephrine or phenylephrine. Epinephrine should not be used, however, since neuroleptic agents can reverse its vasopressor effects and cause a further lowering of blood pressure.

References

  1. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
  2. Centorrino F, Baldessarini RJ, Kando JC, Frankenburg FR, Volpicelli SA, Flood JG "Clozapine and metabolites - concentrations in serum and clinical findings during treatment of chronically psychotic patients." J Clin Psychopharmacol 14 (1994): 119-25
  3. Tueth M "Side effects of clozipine (Clozaril) requiring emergency treatment." Am J Emerg Med 11 (1993): 312-3
View all 28 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Cns Depression

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Altered Consciousness, Respiratory Arrest

The use of neuroleptic agents is contraindicated in comatose patients and patients with severe central nervous system depression. Neuroleptic agents may potentiate the CNS and respiratory depression in these patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Navane (thiothixene)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
  3. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
View all 7 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Nms

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

The central dopaminergic blocking effects of neuroleptic agents may precipitate or aggravate a potentially fatal symptom complex known as neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). NMS is observed most frequently when high-potency agents like haloperidol are administered intramuscularly, but may occur with any neuroleptic agent given for any length of time. Clinical manifestations of NMS include hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis and cardiac arrhythmias). Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria, and acute renal failure. Neuroleptic agents should not be given to patients with active NMS and should be immediately discontinued if currently being administered in such patients. In patients with a history of NMS, introduction or reintroduction of neuroleptic agents should be carefully considered, since NMS may recur.

References

  1. Anderson ES, Powers PS "Neuroleptic malignant syndrome associated with clozapine use." J Clin Psychiatry 52 (1991): 102-4
  2. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  3. Sharma R, Trappler B, Ng YK, Leeman CP "Risperidone-induced neutroleptic malignant syndrome." Ann Pharmacother 30 (1996): 775-8
View all 40 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Tardive Dyskinesia

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Tardive Dyskinesia

Neuroleptic agents may precipitate symptoms of tardive dyskinesia (TD), a syndrome consisting of rhythmic involuntary movements variously involving the tongue, face, mouth, lips, jaw, and/or trunk and extremities, following chronic use of at least several months but often years. Elderly patients, particularly women, are most susceptible. Both the risk of developing the syndrome and the likelihood that it will become irreversible increase with the duration and total cumulative dose of neuroleptic therapy administered. However, patients may infrequently develop symptoms after relatively brief treatment periods at low dosages. If TD occurs during neuroleptic therapy, prompt withdrawal of the offending agent or at least a lowering of the dosage should be considered. TD symptoms may become more severe after drug discontinuation or a dosage reduction, but may gradually improve over months to years. In patients with preexisting drug-induced TD, initiating or increasing the dosage of neuroleptic therapy may temporarily mask the symptoms of TD but could eventually worsen the condition. The newer, atypical neuroleptic agents (e.g., risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine) tend to be associated with a substantially reduced risk of inducing TD and are considered the drugs of choice in patients being treated for psychosis.

References

  1. Pinder RM, Brogden RN, Swayer R, Speight TM, Spencer R, Avery GS "Pimozide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses in psychiatry." Drugs 12 (1976): 1-40
  2. Ghelber D, Belmaker RH "Tardive dyskinesia with quetiapine." Am J Psychiat 156 (1999): 796-7
  3. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
View all 42 references
Moderate

Haloperidol (Includes Haldol) ↔ Alcohol

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

The use of alcohol with haloperidol should be avoided due to possible additive effects and hypotension.

Moderate

Haloperidol (Includes Haldol) ↔ Cardiovascular Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Cardiovascular Disease, Angina Pectoris

Haloperidol should be administered cautiously to patients with severe cardiovascular disorders because of the possibility of transient hypotension and/or precipitation of anginal pain. In the presence of severe hypotension requiring vasopressor therapy, the preferred drugs may be norepinephrine, phenylephrine, or metaraminol, as usual doses of epinephrine may be ineffective since haloperidol inhibits its vasopressor effect.

Moderate

Haloperidol (Includes Haldol) ↔ Qt Prolongation

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Long QT Syndrome, Hypokalemia, Hypothyroidism, Arrhythmias

Cases of sudden death, QT interval prolongation and ventricular arrhythmias including Torsade de Pointes have been reported in patients using haloperidol. Although cases have been reported even in the absence of predisposing factors, special caution is advised in treating patients with other QT- prolonging conditions (including electrolyte imbalance such as hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia), using QT- prolonging drugs, with underlying cardiac abnormalities, hypothyroidism and familial long QT syndrome. Consider periodic EKG assessment on these patients. Treatment should be discontinued and a cardiac evaluation should be considered if a patient develops signs or symptoms of ventricular arrhythmia.

Moderate

Haloperidol (Includes Haldol) ↔ Renal/Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction, Liver Disease

Haloperidol appears to be primarily converted in the liver to several metabolites, one of which is believed to be pharmacologically active. The metabolites and approximately 1% of the parent drug are excreted in the urine. Patients with impaired renal and/or hepatic function may be at greater risk for adverse effects due to drug and metabolite accumulation. Therapy with haloperidol should be administered cautiously in such patients. Lower initial dosages and slower titration may be appropriate.

References

  1. Jann MW, Lam YW, Chang WH "Reversible metabolism of haloperidol and reduced haloperidol in Chinese schizophrenic patients." Psychopharmacology (Berl) 101 (1990): 107-11
  2. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  3. Lam YW, Chang W-H, Jann MW, Chen H "Interindividual variabilities in haloperidol interconversion and the reduced haloperidol/haloperidol ratio." Neuropsychopharmacology 7 (1992): 33-9
Moderate

Miscellaneous Antipsychotics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Hyperprolactinemia/Breast Cancer

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Breast Cancer, Hyperprolactinemia

Antipsychotic drugs can elevate serum prolactin concentrations, and this elevation persists during chronic administration. This should be considered if therapy will be prescribed in patients with previously detected breast cancer as one-third of human breast cancers are prolactin-dependent in vitro. Associated disturbances such as galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported. Appropriate laboratory testing and follow-up is advised.

Moderate

Miscellaneous Antipsychotics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Neutropenia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Neutropenia

The use of antipsychotics has been associated with events of leukopenia, neutropenia and agranulocytosis. Possible risk factors include preexisting low white blood cell count, and history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Patients with these risk factors should have complete blood count monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy. Patients should also be monitored for any signs or symptoms of infection. Treatment should be discontinued in any patient who develops a sore throat, fever, stomatitis, or other signs of infection along with a low WBC count or severe neutropenia (ANC < 1000/mm3).

Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Breast Cancer

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Breast Cancer

The chronic use of neuroleptic agents can cause persistent elevations in prolactin levels. Based on in vitro data, approximately one-third of human breast cancers are thought to be prolactin-dependent. The clinical significance of this observation with respect to long-term neuroleptic therapy is unknown. Chronic administration of neuroleptic drugs has been associated with mammary tumorigenesis in rodent studies but not in human clinical or epidemiologic studies. Until further data are available, therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a previously detected breast cancer.

References

  1. Dickson RA, Dalby JT, Williams R, Edwards AL "Risperidone-induced prolactin elevations in premenopausal women with schizophrenia." Am J Psychiatry 152 (1995): 1102-3
  2. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  3. Meco G, Falaschi P, Casacchia M, et al "Neuroendocrine effects of haloperidol decanoate in patients with chronic schizophrenia." Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol 40 (1985): 89-93
View all 16 references
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Dehydration

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Dehydration, Diarrhea, Vomiting

Neuroleptic agents may cause hypotension (including orthostatic hypotension) and associated reflex tachycardia, syncope or dizziness, particularly during initiation of therapy or rapid escalation of dosage. Tolerance to the hypotensive effects often develops after a few doses to a few months. Rarely, fatal cardiac arrest has occurred secondary to severe hypotension. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with conditions that would predispose them to hypotension, such as hypovolemia or dehydration (e.g., due to severe diarrhea or vomiting). In addition, neuroleptic agents can interfere with the body's ability to regulate core body temperature, occasionally producing hyperthermia during strenuous exercise, exposure to hot weather, and concomitant treatment with anticholinergic medications. Patients who are dehydrated may be particularly susceptible.

References

  1. "Product Information. Seroquel (quetiapine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  2. "Product Information. Geodon (ziprasidone)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  3. "Product Information. Zyprexa (olanzapine)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Haldol) ↔ Seizure Disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: CNS Disorder, Alcoholism

Neuroleptic agents can lower the seizure threshold and induce seizures, particularly when dosages are high or increased rapidly and during the initiation of therapy. Clozapine appears to have the greatest epileptogenic potential, while most of the other newer, atypical neuroleptic agents (e.g., risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine), as well as haloperidol and molindone, have the least. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or other factors predisposing to seizures such as abnormal EEG, preexisting CNS pathology, or head trauma. Adequate anticonvulsant therapy should be maintained during administration of neuroleptic agents. Clozapine should not be used in patients with uncontrolled epilepsy.

References

  1. Mahr GC, Berchou R, Balon R "A grand mal seizure associated with desipramine and haloperidol." Can J Psychiatry 32 (1987): 463-4
  2. Welch J, Manschreck T, Redmond D "Clozapine-induced seizures and EEG changes." J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 6 (1994): 250-6
  3. Pinder RM, Brogden RN, Swayer R, Speight TM, Spencer R, Avery GS "Pimozide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses in psychiatry." Drugs 12 (1976): 1-40
View all 29 references

You should also know about...

Haldol (haloperidol) drug Interactions

There are 1069 drug interactions with Haldol (haloperidol)

Haldol (haloperidol) alcohol/food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Haldol (haloperidol)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

Hide