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Medications for ICU Agitation

What is ICU Agitation:  Agitation is an unpleasant state of extreme arousal. An agitated person may feelĀ stirred up, excited, tense, confused, or irritable. In the intensive care unit (ICU), agitation is important as it can alter the diagnosis and course of medical treatment.

Medications to treat ICU Agitation

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
Haldol C N X 2 reviews
6.0

Generic name: haloperidol systemic

Drug class: miscellaneous antipsychotic agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
haloperidol C N X 3 reviews
3.0

Generic name: haloperidol systemic

Brand names:  Haldol, Haldol Decanoate

Drug class: miscellaneous antipsychotic agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Ativan D 4 X Add review
9.0

Generic name: lorazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, miscellaneous antiemetics, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
midazolam D 4 X 1 review
8.0

Generic name: midazolam systemic

Brand name:  Versed

Drug class: benzodiazepines

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
lorazepam D 4 X 1 review
9.0

Generic name: lorazepam systemic

Brand names:  Ativan, Lorazepam Intensol

Drug class: benzodiazepines, miscellaneous antiemetics, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Versed D 4 X 1 review
8.0

Generic name: midazolam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
diazepam D 4 X 1 review
10

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Brand names:  Valium, Diazepam Intensol, Diastat, Diastat AcuDial, Diastat Pediatric

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Valium D 4 X Add review Rate

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Lorazepam Intensol D 4 X Add review Rate

Generic name: lorazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, miscellaneous antiemetics, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Haldol Decanoate C N X Add review Rate

Generic name: haloperidol systemic

Drug class: miscellaneous antipsychotic agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Diazepam Intensol D 4 X Add review Rate

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Diastat D 4 X Add review Rate

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Diastat AcuDial D 4 X Add review Rate

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Diastat Pediatric D 4 X Add review Rate

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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