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Calaspargase pegol-mknl (Intravenous)

Generic Name: calaspargase pegol (kal-AS-par-jase PEG-ol - mknl)

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on April 21, 2020.

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

  • Asparlas

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Solution

Therapeutic Class: Antineoplastic Agent

Pharmacologic Class: Calaspargase Pegol

Uses for calaspargase pegol-mknl

Calaspargase pegol-mknl injection is used together with other cancer medicines to treat patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a type of white blood cell cancer.

Calaspargase pegol-mknl is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.

Before using calaspargase pegol-mknl

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For calaspargase pegol-mknl, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to calaspargase pegol-mknl or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of calaspargase pegol-mknl injection in children 1 month to 16 years of age. Safety and efficacy have been established.

Geriatric

No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of calaspargase pegol-mknl injection in geriatric patients.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of calaspargase pegol-mknl. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Bleeding problems (eg, coagulopathy), severe or symptomatic or
  • Blood clotting problems or
  • Liver disease or
  • Pancreatitis—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Blood clots, bleeding problems, or pancreatitis (swelling of the pancreas), serious, history of during previous treatment with calaspargase pegol-mknl or similar medicines or
  • Liver disease, severe—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.

Proper use of calaspargase pegol-mknl

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you calaspargase pegol-mknl in a medical facility. It is given through a needle placed into one of your veins. The medicine must be given slowly, so the needle will have to stay in place for at least 1 hour.

Precautions while using calaspargase pegol-mknl

It is very important that your doctor check your or your child's progress closely while receiving calaspargase pegol-mknl to make sure calaspargase pegol-mknl is working properly. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Receiving calaspargase pegol-mknl while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Birth control pills may not work as well to prevent pregnancy when used with calaspargase pegol-mknl. Use another form of birth control (eg, condoms, spermicide) along with your pills during treatment and for at least 3 months after the last dose. If you think you have become pregnant while receiving calaspargase pegol-mknl, tell your doctor right away.

Calaspargase pegol-mknl may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing or swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after receiving calaspargase pegol-mknl.

Check with your doctor right away if you have loss of appetite, nausea, or pains in stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back. These could be symptoms of pancreatitis (swelling of the pancreas).

Calaspargase pegol-mknl may increase your risk of developing blood clots. Check with your doctor right away if you or your child have swelling and pain in your arms, legs, or stomach, chest pain, trouble breathing, loss of sensation, confusion, or problems with muscle control or speech.

Check with your doctor right away if you have any unusual bleeding or bruising, black, tarry stools, blood in the urine or stools, headache, dizziness, or weakness, pain, swelling, or discomfort in a joint, pinpoint red spots on your skin, unusual nosebleeds, or unusual vaginal bleeding that is heavier than normal. These may be signs of bleeding problems.

Check with your doctor right away if you have pain or tenderness in the upper stomach, pale stools, dark urine, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or yellow eyes or skin. These could be symptoms of a serious liver problem.

Calaspargase pegol-mknl side effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  • Bloating
  • chills
  • constipation
  • dark urine
  • difficulty breathing
  • fast heartbeat
  • fever
  • indigestion
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • pain in the chest, groin, or legs, especially the calves
  • pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
  • severe, sudden headache
  • slurred speech
  • sudden loss of coordination
  • sudden, severe weakness or numbness in the arm or leg
  • vision changes
  • vomiting
  • yellow eyes or skin

Less common

  • Bleeding gums
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • confusion
  • cough
  • coughing up blood
  • difficulty in swallowing
  • dilated neck veins
  • dizziness
  • extreme tiredness or weakness
  • fainting
  • slow or irregular heartbeat
  • headache
  • increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
  • itching in the genital or other skin areas
  • lightheadedness
  • nosebleeds
  • paralysis
  • prolonged bleeding from cuts
  • rapid, shallow breathing
  • red or black, tarry stools
  • red or dark brown urine
  • scaling of the skin
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
  • tightness in the chest
  • weight gain

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  • Diarrhea

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Frequently asked questions

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.