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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is menopause?

Menopause is a normal stage in a person's life when monthly periods stop. You are considered to be in menopause when you have not had a period for a full year after the age of 40. Menopause usually occurs between ages 47 to 53. Perimenopause is a stage before menopause that may cause signs and symptoms similar to menopause. Perimenopause may start about 4 years before menopause.

Female Reproductive System

What causes menopause?

Menopause starts when the ovaries stop making the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. After menopause, you are no longer able to become pregnant. Any of the following may trigger menopause or early menopause:

What are the signs and symptoms of menopause?

How is menopause treated or managed?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I live a healthy lifestyle during and after menopause?

After menopause, your risk for heart disease and bone loss increases. Ask about these and other ways to stay healthy:

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.