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Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes vision loss in one or both eyes. Glaucoma is caused by fluid buildup behind the eye. This puts pressure on your optic nerve and damages it. Glaucoma usually develops slowly.



  • Eye pressure medicines help decrease eye pressure. They may also decrease the amount of fluid your eyes make or help your eyes drain better.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him of her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider or ophthalmologist as directed:

You may need to return every 3 to 6 months to have your eye pressure checked. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Avoid behaviors that increase eye pressure:

Try not to strain when you have a bowel movement. Do not wear tight clothing around your neck or chest. Do not push or lift anything heavier than 5 pounds. Avoid strenuous activity.

Avoid people who are sick:

Eye pressure increases when you sneeze or cough.

Medical alert identification:

Wear medical alert jewelry or carry a card that says you have glaucoma. Ask your healthcare provider where to get these items.

Contact your healthcare provider or ophthalmologist if:

  • Your symptoms get worse, even after treatment.
  • Your eye medicine causes your eyes to sting or turn red.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You have a sudden loss of vision.
  • You have blurry vision and a severe headache.
  • You have severe eye pain or a change in your vision.
  • You have nausea and are vomiting.

Ā© Copyright IBM Corporation 2018 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotesĀ® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Glaucoma (Aftercare Instructions)

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Symptoms and treatments

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