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Diabetes and Pregnancy

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What do I need to know about diabetes and pregnancy?

Plan your pregnancy so healthcare providers can help you have a healthy pregnancy and baby. Your diabetes care team providers may help you create meal and physical activity plans. The plans can help you control your A1c and glucose (blood sugar) levels. Your providers may recommend A1c levels less than 6.5% before you get pregnant, if possible. Good control before and during pregnancy helps lower the risk for health problems diabetes can cause.

What can I do to prepare for a healthy pregnancy?

How can I manage diabetes during pregnancy?

During pregnancy and for a time after delivery, your obstetrician (OB) becomes part of your care team. Tell your OB about your diabetes care team providers. Your team will provide a plan for your care during your pregnancy. Your diabetes care team provider may order blood glucose monitoring to check your levels several times each day. The checks will be done if you need to stay in the hospital, and you will need to check at home. Your team will help you with the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

What else can I do to have a healthy baby?

Tips for a Healthy Pregnancy

How will my diabetes be managed during and after delivery?

Healthcare providers will check your blood sugar levels while you are in labor. They will give you insulin or glucose throughout your labor to keep your blood sugar at the right level. Do the following after delivery:

What are the risks of diabetes and pregnancy?

You have an increased risk for high blood pressure, eye disease, premature (early) labor, and miscarriage. A miscarriage is the loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy. High blood sugar levels can increase your risk for having a large baby, a baby with birth defects, and stillbirth. Stillbirth is the loss of a fetus (unborn baby) after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor or care team provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Diabetes and Pregnancy

Treatment options

Care guides

Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.