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Cervical Cone Biopsy

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Oct 31, 2022.


A cervical cone biopsy is surgery to take cells from your cervix. Surgery may be done so cells can be tested for cancer or can be removed before they become cancer.

Female Reproductive System


Before your surgery:

  • Arrange to have someone drive you home after surgery and stay with you.
  • Tell your surgeon about all medicines you currently take. He or she will tell you if you need to stop any medicine before your surgery, and when to stop. He or she will tell you which medicines to take or not take on the day of surgery.
  • Your surgeon may do a pelvic exam to check your vagina, cervix, and uterus. You may need blood tests or other tests to check for a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as chlamydia or HPV. You may need a colposcopy, a CT scan, or an MRI.

The night before your surgery:

You may be told not to eat or drink anything after midnight.

The day of your surgery:

  • You or a close family member will be asked to sign a legal document called a consent form. It gives healthcare providers permission to do the procedure or surgery. It also explains the problems that may happen, and your choices. Make sure all your questions are answered before you sign this form.
  • Take only the medicines your surgeon told you to take.
  • An IV will be placed in a vein. You may get medicine or liquids through the IV.


What will happen:

  • Your surgeon will insert a speculum into your vagina. This is the same tool used during a Pap smear. The speculum allows your surgeon to see inside your vagina to your cervix.
  • Stitches may be used to hold your cervix in place during surgery. You may be given a shot of medicine into your cervix to help decrease bleeding. An incision will be made in your cervix to remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue. Your surgeon may also use an electrical wire loop to remove the tissue from your cervix. The incision will be closed with stitches. Gauze with a liquid to prevent bleeding may be inserted into your vagina.

After your surgery:

You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. Do not get out of bed until your healthcare provider says it is okay. When healthcare providers see that you are not having any problems, you may be able to go home.


  • You have a fever.

Seek Care Immediately if

  • You have new or increased vaginal bleeding that is not from your monthly period.


You may get an infection in the surgery area or urinary tract. You may have pain in your lower abdomen. After a cervical cone biopsy, you may have trouble getting pregnant. You may have a baby who is small or born too early. Your cervix may narrow, making it hard to find problems in the future. After your cervical cone biopsy, you may still have some abnormal cells, or abnormal cells may return.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

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