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Cervical Cone Biopsy


  • A cervical cone biopsy is a procedure to remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue from your cervix. A cervical cone biopsy is also called cervical conization. The cervix is the opening of your uterus (womb). You may need a cervical cone biopsy if your caregiver finds abnormal cells during a Pap smear exam. Abnormal cells in the cervix may cause bleeding when it is not time for your monthly period. You may bleed after menopause (no longer getting your monthly period), or after having sex. A sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as human papilloma virus (HPV), may cause abnormal cells.

  • A cervical cone biopsy may be done as treatment to remove abnormal cells from your cervix. Abnormal cells may be, or may become, cancer. A cervical cone biopsy may help you and your caregiver learn the cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding. You may learn if you have an infection. After a cervical cone biopsy, you can get proper treatment for abnormal bleeding or an infection. A cervical cone biopsy may remove cancer cells and prevent the cancer from spreading.


Take your medicine as directed:

Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

  • Pain medicine: You may need medicine to take away or decrease pain.
    • Learn how to take your medicine. Ask what medicine and how much you should take. Be sure you know how, when, and how often to take it.
    • Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease.
    • Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling someone when you get out of bed or if you need help.
  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics may be given to help prevent an infection caused by germs called bacteria.

Follow-up visits:

Ask your caregiver when to return for follow-up visits. You will need to see your caregiver to check your cervix for healing. You may need to see your caregiver every six months for 2 to 5 years, and then yearly. Keep all appointments. Write down any questions you may have. This way you will remember to ask these questions during your next visit.

Caring for your wound:

Ask your caregiver how to care for your wound (procedure area). Avoid using tampons and having sex for 2 to 3 weeks after your procedure. You also need to avoid douching during this time.

Get vaccinated against human papilloma virus:

Ask your caregiver about the vaccine for HPV. The HPV vaccine can help decrease your risk for getting the infection and forming more abnormal cervix cells.

Practice safe sex:

Use protection, such as a condom, when having sex. Avoid having sex with many different partners. Practicing safe sex may help decrease your risk for an STI and abnormal cell growth in your cervix.

Planning a future pregnancy:

Talk with your caregiver if you want to become pregnant. A cervical cone biopsy changes the shape of your cervix. You may be at risk for pre-term (early) delivery of your unborn baby. You may need more care during a future pregnancy to help prevent problems.

Stop smoking:

If you smoke, it may take longer for your wounds to heal. Smoking increases the risk of having abnormal cells in your cervix. Smoking also harms the heart, lungs, and the blood. You are more likely to have a heart attack, lung disease, and cancer if you smoke. You will help yourself and those around you by not smoking. Ask your caregiver how to stop smoking if you need help to quit.


  • You have a fever.
  • You have new or increased pain in your lower abdomen and pelvic area.
  • You have vaginal bleeding, and it is not time for your monthly period.
  • You feel pain when you urinate, or your urine looks cloudy.
  • You have questions or concerns about your procedure, medicines, or care.


  • You have bad-smelling white or yellow discharge coming from your vagina.
  • You have vaginal bleeding that will not stop.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.