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Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy


Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is a condition that causes your prostate gland to grow larger than normal. The prostate gland is the male sex gland that produces a fluid that is part of semen. It is about the size of a walnut and it is located under the bladder. As the prostate grows, it can squeeze the urethra. This can block urine flow and cause urinary problems.



  • Alpha blockers: This medicine relaxes the muscles in your prostate and bladder. It may help you urinate more easily.
  • 5 alpha reductase inhibitors: These medicines block the production of a hormone that causes the prostate to get larger. It may help slow the growth of the prostate or shrink the prostate.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Manage BPH:

  • Do not let your bladder get too full before you empty it. Urinate when you feel the urge.
  • Limit alcohol. Do not drink large amounts of any liquid at one time.
  • Decrease the amount of salt you eat. Examples of salty foods are chips, cured meats, and canned soups. Do not use table salt.
  • Healthcare providers may tell you not to eat spicy foods such as chilli peppers. This may help you find out if spicy food makes your BPH symptoms worse.
  • You may have sex if you feel well.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • There is a large amount of blood in your urine.
  • Your signs and symptoms get worse.
  • You have a fever.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately if:

  • You are unable to urinate.
  • Your bladder feels very full and painful.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (Discharge Care)

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