Generic Name: progesterone (proe-JES-ter-one)
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.
Progesterone oil is used for:
Treating absent menstrual periods. It may also be used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding caused by hormone imbalance. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Progesterone oil is a progestin hormone. It works by restoring a normal balance progesterone. This helps to regulate the menstrual cycle and to stop abnormal uterine bleeding that occurs when the body does not make enough progesterone on its own.
Do NOT use progesterone oil if:
- you are allergic to progesterone, progesterone-like medicines, benzyl alcohol, or sesame seeds or oil
- you have a history of certain blood vessel problems; blood clots (eg, in the legs, lungs, eyes); bleeding in the brain or stroke; liver problems; cancer of the breast, ovary, uterus, cervix, or genitals; undiagnosed vaginal bleeding; or miscarriage
- you are pregnant
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using progesterone oil:
Tell your health care provider if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a history of cancer, an abnormal mammogram, fibrocystic breast disease, lumps in the breast, bleeding from your nipples
- if you have a history of kidney problems, high blood pressure, migraine headaches, asthma, heart problems, seizures, high blood sugar or diabetes, high cholesterol, or mental or mood problems (eg, depression)
- if you have a family history of breast cancer
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with progesterone oil. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any of the following medicines.
- Rifampin because it may decrease progesterone oil's effectiveness
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if progesterone oil may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use progesterone oil:
Use progesterone oil as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- An extra patient leaflet is available with progesterone oil. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
- Progesterone oil is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you will be using progesterone oil at home, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use progesterone oil. Follow the procedures you are taught when you use a dose. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions.
- Do not use progesterone oil if it contains particles, is cloudy or discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged.
- Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal.
- If you miss a dose of progesterone oil, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use progesterone oil.
Important safety information:
- Progesterone oil may cause drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, or vision changes. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use progesterone oil with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Progesterone oil may cause dark skin patches on your face. Exposure to the sun may make these patches darker. If patches develop, use a sunscreen or protective clothing when exposed to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths.
- Progesterone oil may cause a decrease in the amount of calcium in your bones. A decrease in bone calcium is of most concern if you have the following risk factors: adolescence, bone disease, anorexia nervosa (an eating disorder), a strong family history of osteoporosis, taking certain medicines (eg, for epilepsy or steroids), or drinking a lot of alcohol or smoking cigarettes often. When progesterone oil is stopped, the calcium in bones begins to come back. Your health care provider may recommend that you take calcium or vitamin D to help lower the amount of calcium lost from your bones.
- Diabetes patients - Progesterone oil may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- Progesterone oil may interfere with certain lab tests, including urinary steroid levels, gonadotropin and other hormone levels, thyroid function, blood clotting tests, and blood cholesterol. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are using progesterone oil.
- Lab tests, including breast exams, pap smears, pelvic exams, and blood calcium and bone density tests, may be performed while you use progesterone oil. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Progesterone oil should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Do not use progesterone oil if you are pregnant. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. Progesterone oil is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use progesterone oil, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of progesterone oil:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Acne; drowsiness; nausea; pain, redness, and swelling at injection site; trouble sleeping; weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue); breast pain or tenderness; calf or leg pain or swelling; changes in menstrual flow, including breakthrough bleeding, spotting, or missed periods; chest pain; coughing up blood; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever; flushing; lumps in the breast; mental or mood changes (eg, anxiety, depression); seizures; severe dizziness or fainting; severe stomach pain; shortness of breath; slurred speech; sudden loss of coordination; sudden or severe headache or vomiting; swelling of fingers or ankles; unusual weight gain or loss; vision problems (eg, double vision, partial or complete loss of vision); weakness, numbness, or pain in the arms or legs; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of progesterone oil:
Store progesterone oil at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep progesterone oil out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about progesterone oil, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Progesterone oil is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take progesterone oil or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about progesterone oil. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to progesterone oil. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using progesterone oil.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.