Generic Name: deutetrabenazine
Dosage Form: Tablets
Date of Approval: April 3, 2017
Company: Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
Treatment for: Chorea Associated with Huntington’s Disease
FDA Approves Austedo
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Austedo (deutetrabenazine), a vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) inhibitor indicated for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease.
Read this Medication Guide before you start treatment and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.
- Austedo can cause serious side effects, including:
- suicidal thoughts
- suicidal actions
- Do not start treatment if you are depressed (have untreated depression or depression that is not well controlled by medicine) or have suicidal thoughts.
- Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts or feelings. This is especially important when treatment is started and when the dose is changed.
Call your healthcare provider right away if you become depressed or have any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:
- feel sad or have crying spells
- lose interest in seeing your friends or doing things you used to enjoy
- sleep a lot more or a lot less than usual
- feel unimportant
- feel guilty
- feel hopeless or helpless
- feel more irritable, angry, or aggressive than usual
- feel more or less hungry than usual or notice a big change in your body weight
- have trouble paying attention
- feel tired or sleepy all the time
- have thoughts about hurting yourself or ending your life
What is Austedo?
Austedo is a prescription medicine that is used to treat the involuntary movements (chorea) of Huntington’s disease. It does not cure the cause of the involuntary movements, and it does not treat other symptoms of Huntington’s disease, such as problems with thinking or emotions.
It is not known if Austedo is safe and effective in children.
Who should not take Austedo?
Do not take Austedo if you:
- are depressed or have thoughts of suicide. See Important information.
- have liver problems.
- are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) medicine. Do not take an MAOI within 14 days after you stop taking Austedo. Do not start Austedo if you stopped taking an MAOI in the last 14 days. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure.
- are taking reserpine. Do not take medicines that contain reserpine (such as Serpalan® and Renese® -R) with Austedo. If your healthcare provider plans to switch you from taking reserpine to Austedo, you must wait at least 20 days after your last dose of reserpine before you start taking Austedo.
- are taking tetrabenazine (Xenazine®). If your healthcare provider plans to switch you from tetrabenazine (Xenazine) to Austedo, take your first dose of Austedo on the day after your last dose of tetrabenazine (Xenazine).
Before taking Austedo
Before you start treatment, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
- have emotional or mental problems (for example, depression, nervousness, anxiety, anger, agitation, psychosis, previous suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts).
- have liver disease.
- have an irregular heartbeat (cardiac arrhythmia) or a heart problem called congenital long QT syndrome.
- have breast cancer or a history of breast cancer.
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Austedo can harm your unborn baby.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Austedo passes into breast milk.
Tell your healthcare provider about all of the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Using Austedo with certain other medicines may cause side effects. Do not start any new medicines while taking Austedo without talking to your healthcare provider first.
How should I take Austedo?
- Take the tablets by mouth.
- Take this medicine exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
- Take Austedo with food. Swallow the tablets whole with water. Do not chew, crush, or break the tablets before swallowing. If you cannot swallow the tablets whole, tell your healthcare provider. You may need a different medicine.
- If your dose is 12 mg or more each day, take Austedo tablets two times a day in equal doses with food.
- Your healthcare provider will increase your dose each week for several weeks, until you and your healthcare provider find the right dose for you.
- Tell your healthcare provider if you stop taking Austedo for more than one week. Do not take another dose until you talk to your healthcare provider.
What should I avoid while taking Austedo?
Sleepiness (sedation) is a common side effect. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how Austedo affects you. Drinking alcohol and taking other drugs that may also cause sleepiness during treatment, and may increase any sleepiness caused by Austedo.
Austedo side effects
Austedo can cause serious side effects, including:
- Depression and suicidal thoughts or actions. See Important information.
- Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS). Call your healthcare provider right away and go to the nearest emergency room if you develop these signs and symptoms that do not have another obvious cause:
- high fever
- problems thinking
- increased sweating
- stiff muscles
- very fast or uneven heartbeat
- Restlessness. You may get a condition where you feel a strong urge to move. This is called akathisia.
- Parkinsonism. Symptoms of parkinsonism include: slight shaking, body stiffness, trouble moving or keeping your balance.
- Irregular heartbeat. Austedo increases your chance of having certain changes in the electrical activity in your heart. These changes can lead to a dangerous abnormal heartbeat. Taking Austedo with certain medicines may increase this chance.
The most common side effects include:
- sleepiness (sedation)
- dry mouth
These are not all the possible side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store Austedo?
- Store tablets at room temperature, between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
- Keep the bottle tightly closed to protect the tablets from light and moisture.
Keep all medications out of reach of children and pets.
General information about the safe and effective use of Austedo.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use this medicine for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give it to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients?
Active ingredient:strong> deutetrabenazine
Inactive ingredients: ammonium hydroxide, black iron oxide, n-butyl alcohol, butylated hydroxyanisole, butylated hydroxytoluene, magnesium stearate, mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polyethylene oxide, polysorbate 80, polyvinyl alcohol, povidone, propylene glycol, shellac, talc, titanium dioxide and FD&C blue #2 lake. The 6 mg tablets al so contain FD&C red #40 lake. The 12 mg tablets also contain FD&C yellow #6 lake.