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A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Glucocorticoids are one of the corticosteroids (adrenal cortical steroids) released from the adrenal gland. The physiological stimulus for glucocorticoid release is corticortiotropin (adrenocorticotropic hormone) from the anterior pituitary.

Glucocorticoids are synthesized and released as needed and bind to glucocorticoid receptors.

Glucocorticoids e.g. cortisol and cortisone, are essential for the utilization of carbohydrate, fat and protein by the body and for normal response to stress. Naturally occurring and synthetic glucocorticoids have very powerful anti-inflammatory effects and are used to treat conditions that involve inflammation. They also decrease the body’s immune response.

Mineralocorticoids e.g. aldosterone are necessary for regulation of salt and water in the body.

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triamcinolone systemic (Pro, More...)
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cortisone systemic (Pro, More...)
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Medical conditions associated with glucocorticoids: