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Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP

This page contains information on Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP
  • Direction and dosage information for Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP

This treatment applies to the following species:
Company: Cronus Pharma

For Use In Dogs Only

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP Caution

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP contain clindamycin hydrochloride which is the hydrated salt of clindamycin. Clindamycin is a semisynthetic antibiotic produced by a 7(S)-chlorosubstitution of the 7(R)-hydroxyl group of a naturally produced antibiotic produced by Streptomyces lincolnensis var. lincolnensis.

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP (For Use in Dogs Only):

25 mg Capsule, each yellow and colorless capsule contains clindamycin hydrochloride equivalent to 25 mg of clindamycin.

75 mg Capsule, each green and colorless capsule contains clindamycin hydrochloride equivalent to 75 mg of clindamycin.

150 mg Capsule, each blue and colorless capsule contains clindamycin hydrochloride equivalent to 150 mg of clindamycin.

300 mg Capsule, each turquoise and colorless capsule contains clindamycin hydrochloride equivalent to 300 mg of clindamycin.

Clinical Pharmacology

Absorption

Clindamycin hydrochloride is rapidly absorbed from the canine and feline gastrointestinal tract.

Dog Serum Levels

Serum levels at or above 0.5 μg/mL can be maintained by oral dosing at a rate of 2.5 mg/lb of clindamycin hydrochloride every 12 hours. This same study revealed that average peak serum concentrations of clindamycin occur 1 hour and 15 minutes after oral dosing. The elimination half -life for clindamycin in dog serum was approximately 5 hours. There was no bioactivity accumulation after a regimen of multiple oral doses in healthy dogs.

Clindamycin Serum Concentrations 2.5 mg/lb (5.5 mg/kg) After B.I.D. Oral Dose of Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules to Dogs

Metabolism And Excretion

Extensive studies of the metabolism and excretion of clindamycin hydrochloride administered orally in animals and humans have shown that unchanged drug and bioactive and bioinactive metabolites are excreted in urine and feces. Almost all of the bioactivity detected in serum after clindamycin hydrochloride product administration is due to the parent molecule (clindamycin). Urine bioactivity, however, reflects a mixture of clindamycin and active metabolites, especially N-demethyl clindamycin and clindamycin sulfoxide.

Site And Mode Of Action

Clindamycin is an inhibitor of protein synthesis in the bacterial cell. The site of binding appears to be in the 5OS sub-unit of the ribosome. Binding occurs to the soluble RNA fraction of certain ribosomes, thereby inhibiting the binding of amino acids to those ribosomes. Clindamycin differs from cell wall inhibitors in that it causes irreversible modification of the protein-synthesizing subcellular elements at the ribosomal level.

Microbiology

Clindamycin is a lincosaminide antimicrobial agent with activity against a wide variety of aerobic and anaerobic bacterial pathogens. Clindamycin is a bacteriostatic compound that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 5OS ribosomal sub-unit. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of Gram-positive and obligate anaerobic pathogens isolated from dogs in the United States are presented in Table 1. Bacteria were isolated in 1998-1999. All MICs were performed in accordance with the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI).

Table 1. Clindamycin MIC Values (µg/mL) from Diagnostic Laboratory Survey Data Evaluating Canine Pathogens in the U.S. during 1998-991

Organism

Number of Isolates

MIC50

MIC85

MIC90

Range

Soft Tissue/Wound2

 

 

 

 

 

Staphylococcus aureus

17

0.5

0.5

≥ 4.0

0.25 - ≥4.0

Staphylococcus intermedius

28

0.25

0.5

≥ 4.0

0.125 - ≥4.0

Staphylococcus spp.

18

0.5

0.5

≥ 4.0

0.25 - ≥4.0

Beta-hemolytic streptococci

46

0.5

0.5

≥ 4.0

0.25 - ≥4.0

Streptococcus spp.

11

0.5

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

0.25 - ≥4.0

Osteomyelitis/Bone3

Staphylococcus aureus

20

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.54

Staphylococcus intermedius

15

0.5

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

0.25 ≥4.0

Staphylococcus spp.

18

0.5

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

0.25 ≥4.0

Beta-hemolytic streptococci

21

0.5

2.0

2.0

0.25 ≥4.0

Streptococcus spp.

21

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

0.25 ≥4.0

Dermal/Skin5

 

 

 

 

 

Staphylococcus aureus

25

0.5

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

0.25 ≥4.0

Staphylococcus intermedius

48

0.5

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

0.125 ≥4.0

Staphylococcus spp.

32

0.5

≥ 4.0

≥ 4.0

0.25 ≥4.0

Beta-hemolytic streptococci

17

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.25 0.5

1 The correlation between the in vitro susceptibility data and clinical response has not been determined.

Soft Tissue/Wound: includes samples labeled wound, abscess, aspirate, exudates, draining tract, lesion, and mass.

Osteomyelitis/Bone: includes samples labeled bone, fracture, joint, tendon

No range, all isolates yielded the same value

Dermal/Skin: includes samples labeled skin, skin swab, biopsy, incision, lip

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP Indications

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP (for use in dogs only) are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the specific conditions listed below:

Dogs: Skin infections (wounds and abscesses) due to coagulase positive staphylococci (Staphylococcus aureus or Staphylococcus intermedius). Deep wounds and abscesses due to Bacteroides fragilis, Prevotella melaninogenicus, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Clostridium perfringens.

Dental infections due to Staphylococcus aureus, Bacteroides fragilis, Prevotella melaninogenicus, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Clostridium perfringens. Osteomyelitis due to Staphylococcus aureus, Bacteroides fragilis, Prevotella melaninogenicus, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Clostridium perfringens.

Contraindications

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP are contraindicated in animals with a history of hypersensitivity to preparations containing clindamycin or lincomycin.

Because of potential adverse gastrointestinal effects, do not administer to rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, horses, chinchillas or ruminating animals.

Warnings

Keep out of reach of children. Not for human use.

Precautions

During prolonged therapy of one month or greater, periodic liver and kidney function tests and blood counts should be performed.

The use of Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP occasionally results in overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms such as clostridia and yeasts. Therefore, the administration of Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules should be avoided in those species sensitive to the gastrointestinal effects of clindamycin (see CONTRAINDICATIONS). Should superinfections occur, appropriate measures should be taken as indicated by the clinical situation.

Patients with very severe renal disease and/or very severe hepatic disease accompanied by severe metabolic aberrations should be dosed with caution, and serum clindamycin levels monitored during high-dose therapy.

Clindamycin hydrochloride has been shown to have neuromuscular blocking properties that may enhance the action of other neuromuscular blocking agents. Therefore, Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP should be used with caution in animals receiving such agents.

Safety in gestating bitches and queens or breeding male dogs and cats has not been established.

Adverse Reactions

Side effects occasionally observed in either clinical trials or during clinical use were vomiting and diarrhea.

To report a suspected adverse reaction call 1-844-227-6687 (1-844-2CRONUS)

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP Dosage And Administration

Dogs: Infected Wounds, Abscesses, And Dental Infections

Oral: 2.5-15.0 mg/lb body weight every 12 hours.

Duration: Treatment with Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP may be continued up to a maximum of 28 days if clinical judgment indicates. Treatment of acute infections should not be continued for more than three or four days if no response to therapy is seen.

Dosage Schedule:

Capsules

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 25 mg, administer 1-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 10 pounds of body weight.

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 75 mg, administer 1-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 30 pounds of body weight.

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 150 mg, administer 1-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 60 pounds of body weight.

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 300 mg, administer 1-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 120 pounds of body weight.

Dogs:

Osteomyelitis

Oral: 5.0-15.0 mg/lb body weight every 12 hours.

Duration: Treatment with Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules is recommended for a minimum of 28 days. Treatment should not be continued for longer than 28 days if no response to therapy is seen.

Dosage Schedule:

Capsules

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 25 mg, administer 2-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 10 pounds of body weight.

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 75 mg, administer 2-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 30 pounds of body weight.

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 150 mg, administer 2-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 60 pounds of body weight.

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP 300 mg, administer 2-6 capsules every 12 hours for each 120 pounds of body weight.

Animal Safety Summary

Rat and Dog Data: One year oral toxicity studies in rats and dogs at doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg/kg/day (13.6, 45.5 and 136.4 mg/lb/day) have shown clindamycin hydrochloride capsules to be well tolerated. Differences did not occur in the parameters evaluated to assess toxicity when comparing groups of treated animals with contemporary controls. Rats administered clindamycin hydrochloride at 600 mg/kg/day (272.7 mg/lb/day) for six months tolerated the drug well; however, dogs orally dosed at 600 mg/kg/day (272.7 mg/lb/day) vomited, had anorexia, and subsequently lost weight. At necropsy these dogs had erosive gastritis and focal areas of necrosis of the mucosa of the gallbladder.

Safety in gestating bitches or breeding males has not been established.

Storage

Store at controlled room temperature 68° to 77°F (20° to 25°C).

How Supplied

Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules are available as:

25 mg - bottles of 200

75 mg - bottles of 200

150 mg - bottles of 100 and 500

300 mg - bottles of 100

To report suspected adverse drug events, for technical assistance or to obtain a copy of the safety data sheet (SDS), contact Cronus Pharma LLC at 1-844-227-6687 or 1-844-2-CRONUS.

For additional information about adverse drug experience reporting for animal drugs, contact FDA at 1-888-FDA-VETS or online at https://www.fda.gov/animal-veterinary/safety-health.

Approved by FDA under ANADA # 200-298

Manufactured for: Cronus Pharma LLC, East Brunswick, NJ 08816.

Contact No: 1-844-227-6687 (1-844-2-CRONUS)

Made in India

Distributed by: Cronus Pharma, LLC, 2 Tower Center Boulevard, Suite 1101A, East Brunswick, NJ 08816

Contact No: 1-844-227-6687 (1-844-2-CRONUS)

e-Fax No: 732-647-1272

Email: contact@cronuspharma.com

PIC01320-05

Issued: 06/2019

Code No.: TN/Drugs/TN00002327

 

 

 

NDC

 

25 mg

Equivalent to 25 mg clindamycin

200 Capsules

69043-013-20

Issued: 10/2018

LC01320-02

75 mg

Equivalent to 75 mg clindamycin

200 Capsules

69043-014-20

Issued: 10/2018

LC01420-02

150 mg

Equivalent to 150 mg clindamycin

100 Capsules

69043-015-01

Issued: 10/2018

LC01501-02

150 mg

Equivalent to 150 mg clindamycin

500 Capsules

69043-015-05

Issued: 10/2018

LC01505-02

300 mg

Equivalent to 300 mg clindamycin

100 Capsules

69043-016-01

Issued: 10/2018

LC01601-02

CPN: 1918002.0

CRONUS PHARMA
2 TOWER CENTER BLVD., SUITE 1101A, EAST BRUNSWICK, NJ, 08816-1100
Telephone:   844-227-6687
Fax:   732-647-1272
Website:   www.cronuspharmausa.com
Email:   contact@cronuspharmausa.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Clindamycin Hydrochloride Capsules, USP information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2021 Animalytix LLC. Updated: 2021-10-04