Skip to main content

ATAJECT Atipamezole Hydrochloride Injection, 5.0 mg/mL (Canada)

This page contains information on ATAJECT Atipamezole Hydrochloride Injection, 5.0 mg/mL for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • ATAJECT Atipamezole Hydrochloride Injection, 5.0 mg/mL Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for ATAJECT Atipamezole Hydrochloride Injection, 5.0 mg/mL
  • Direction and dosage information for ATAJECT Atipamezole Hydrochloride Injection, 5.0 mg/mL

ATAJECT Atipamezole Hydrochloride Injection, 5.0 mg/mL

This treatment applies to the following species:
Company: Grey Wolf Animal Health

Dexmedetomidine and Medetomidine Reversing Agent

Veterinary Use Only

DIN 02490900

Sterile

For IM administration in dogs

Description

Ataject (atipamezole hydrochloride) is a synthetic α2-adrenergic antagonist which reverses the effects of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride and medetomidine hydrochloride in dogs. The chemical name is 4-(2-ethyl-2, 3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)-1H-imidazole hydrochloride. The molecular formula is C14H16N2 • HCl and the structural formula is:

Each mL of Ataject contains 5.0 mg atipamezole hydrochloride as the medicinal ingredient, 1.0 mg methylparaben as the preservative, 8.5 mg sodium chloride, and water for injection.

ATAJECT Atipamezole Hydrochloride Injection, 5.0 mg/mL Indications

Ataject is indicated for the reversal of the clinical effects of the sedative and analgesic agents dexmedetomidine hydrochloride and medetomidine hydrochloride in dogs.

Dosage and Administration

Ataject is administered intramuscularly regardless of the route used for dexmedetomidine hydrochloride or medetomidine hydrochloride. The concentration of Ataject has been formulated such that the volume of injection is the same (ml for ml) as the recommended dose volume of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride or medetomidine hydrochloride, and may be given at any time following their administration. Although injection volumes are the same, the concentration of Ataject (5.0 mg/ml) is 10 times that of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride (0.5 mg/ml) and 5 times that of medetomidine hydrochloride (1.0 mg/ml). Dogs that are sedated but ambulatory may be treated with Ataject, if warranted.

The dosage of Ataject is calculated based on body surface area. Use the following tables to determine the proper injection volume based on bodyweight. Note that the mcg/kg dosage decreases as bodyweight increases.

TABLE 1:

Atipamezole dosing for reversal of IV dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced sedation/analgesia:

Dose table for Ataject when dexmedetomidine or medetomidine is given IV

Bodyweight (kg)

Dose = mcg/kg

Volume = ml Ataject

2-2.9

300

0.1

3-3.9

250

0.15

4-4.9

230

0.2

5-9.9

200

0.3

10-14.9

170

0.4

15-19.9

150

0.5

20-24.9

140

0.6

25-29.9

130

0.7

30-36.9

120

0.8

37-44.9

110

0.9

45-49.9

105

1.0

50-59.9

100

1.1

60-64.9

95

1.2

65-74.9

93

1.3

75-79.9

91

1.4

>80

90

1.5

TABLE 2:

Atipamezole dosing for reversal of IM dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced sedation/analgesia:

Dose table for Ataject when dexmedetomidine or medetomidine is given IM

Bodyweight (kg)

Dose = mcg/kg

Volume = ml Ataject

2-2.9

400

0.15

3-3.9

350

0.2

4-4.9

300

0.3

5-9.9

250

0.4

10-12.9

230

0.5

13-14.9

210

0.6

15-19.9

200

0.7

20-24.9

180

0.8

25-29.9

170

0.9

30-32.9

160

1.0

33-36.9

150

1.1

37-44.9

145

1.2

45-49.9

140

1.3

50-54.9

135

1.4

55-59.9

130

1.5

60-64.9

128

1.6

65-69.9

125

1.7

70-79.9

123

1.8

>80

120

1.9

CAUTIONS:

Ataject can produce an abrupt reversal of sedation and, presumably, analgesia. The potential for apprehensive or aggressive behaviour should be considered in the handling of dogs emerging from sedation, especially those animals who are likely to be in pain.

Information on use of atipamezole with concurrent drugs is inadequate, therefore caution should be exercised when administering multiple drugs. Animals should be monitored closely, particularly for persistent hypothermia, bradycardia, and depressed respiration, until they have recovered completely. Caution should be used in administration of anesthetic agents to elderly or debilitated animals.

While atipamezole does reverse the clinical signs associated with dexmedetomidine or medetomidine sedation, complete physiologic return to pretreatment status may not be immediate and should be monitored.

Ataject has not been evaluated in breeding animals; therefore, the drug is not recommended for use in pregnant or lactating animals, or in animals intended for breeding.

NOTE TO USERS:

Care should be taken to assure that Ataject is not inadvertently ingested, as safety studies have indicated that the drug is absorbed when administered orally. As with all injectable drugs causing profound physiological effects, routine precautions should be employed when handling and using filled syringes, including washing eye and skin areas affected by accidental spillage. In case of accidental human exposure, a physician should be contacted.

Warnings

Keep out of reach of children.

Side Effects

Occasional vomiting may occur. Rarely, a brief state of excitement or apprehensiveness may be seen in treated dogs. Other potential side effects of α2-antagonists include hypersalivation, diarrhea, and tremors.

OVERDOSAGE:

Atipamezole was tolerated in healthy dogs receiving doses 10-fold the recommended dose and in dogs receiving repeated doses at 1-, 3-, and 5-fold doses, in the absence of an α2-antagonist. Signs seen at elevated doses included excitement, panting, trembling, vomiting, soft or liquid feces or vasodilation (injection) of the sclera. Some localized skeletal muscle injury was seen at the injection site; but no associated clinical signs or complications were observed. Dogs receiving the proper dose in the absence of dexmedetomidine or medetomidine, or 3-fold overdose after dexmedetomidine or medetomidine sedation, exhibited no significant clinical signs.

Clinical Pharmacology

Activation of peripheral and central α2-adrenergic receptors is known to induce a pattern of pharmacological responses including sedation, reduction of anxiety, analgesia, bradycardia, and transient hypertension with subsequently reduced blood pressure. Atipamezole is a potent α2-antagonist which selectively and competitively inhibits α2-adrenergic receptors. The result of atipamezole administration in the dog is the rapid recovery from the sedation and other clinical effects produced by the α2-adrenergic agonists, dexmedetomidine and medetomidine. Atipamezole is not expected to reverse the effects of other classes of sedatives, anesthetics, or analgesics.

Rapid absorption occurs following intramuscular injection, with a maximum serum concentration reached in approximately 10 minutes. Onset of arousal is usually apparent within 5 to 10 minutes of injection, depending on the depth and duration of dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced sedation. Elimination half-life from serum is less than 3 hours. Atipamezole undergoes extensive hepatic biotransformation, with excretion of metabolites primarily in urine.

A transient, approximately 10%, decrease in systolic blood pressure occurs immediately after administration of atipamezole to dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-sedated dogs, followed by an increase in pressure within 10 minutes to the pre-atipamezole level. This is the opposite of the response to α2-agonist therapy, and is probably due to peripheral vasodilatation.

Atipamezole will produce a rapid improvement in dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced bradycardia. An increase in heart rate is usually apparent within approximately 3 minutes of injection, but approximately 40% of dogs are not expected to immediately return to presedative rate. Some dogs may experience brief heart rate elevations above baseline. Respiratory rate also increases following atipamezole injection.

Storage

Store at 15-30°C. Keep from freezing. Discard any remaining product after 28 days.

PRESENTATION:

Ataject is supplied in cartons of one 10 ml clear glass vial.

Date of preparation: July 2019

™Grey Wolf Animal Health Inc.

GREY WOLF ANIMAL HEALTH INC., 65 Front St. E. Suite 201, Toronto, ON M5E 1B5

1-844-400-GWAH (4924)

www.greywolfah.com

CPN: 2022008.0

GREY WOLF ANIMAL HEALTH INC.
65 FRONT STREET EAST, SUITE 201, TORONTO, ON, M5E 1B5
Telephone:   1-844-400-GWAH
Website:   www.greywolfah.com
Email:   support@greywolfah.com
THIS SERVICE AND DATA ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". Animalytix assumes no liability, and each user assumes full risk, responsibility, and liability, related to its use of the Animalytix service and data. See the Terms of Use for further details.

Copyright © 2022 Animalytix LLC. Updated: 2022-06-01