Generic Name: allopurinol (AL oh PURE i nol)
Brand Name: Zyloprim
Medically reviewed on Aug 28, 2018
What is Zyloprim?
Zyloprim reduces the production of uric acid in your body. Uric acid buildup can lead to gout or kidney stones.
Zyloprim is used to treat gout or kidney stones, and to decrease levels of uric acid in people who are receiving cancer treatment.
Zyloprim may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
You should not use Zyloprim if you have ever had a serious allergic reaction to Zyloprim. Stop taking the medicine and call your doctor at once if you have any signs of skin rash, no matter how mild.
Before taking this medicine
You should not take Zyloprim if you are allergic to it.
Tell your doctor if you have ever had:
congestive heart failure;
if you are receiving chemotherapy.
It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
It may not be safe to breast-feed while using this medicine. Ask your doctor about any risk.
How should I take Zyloprim?
Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.
Take each dose with a full glass of water. To reduce your risk of kidney stones forming, drink 8 to 10 full glasses of fluid every day, unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
Take with food if Zyloprim upsets your stomach.
You may have gout attacks more often when you first start taking Zyloprim. Your doctor may recommend other gout medication to take with this medicine. Keep using your medication as directed and tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 6 weeks of treatment.
You may need to follow a special diet while using Zyloprim. Follow all instructions of your doctor or dietitian. Learn about the foods to eat or avoid to help control your condition.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking Zyloprim?
Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how Zyloprim will affect you. Your reactions could be impaired.
Avoid drinking alcohol. It may worsen your condition.
Zyloprim side effects
Stop using Zyloprim and call your doctor at once if you have:
the first sign of any skin rash, no matter how mild;
flu symptoms, joint pain, easy bruising, unusual bleeding;
painful urination, blood in the urine;
little or no urination;
numbness, tingling, burning pain;
worsening gout symptoms; or
Common side effects may include:
abnormal liver function tests;
changes in your sense of taste.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs will affect Zyloprim?
Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially:
a diuretic or "water pill".
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Copyright 1996-2018 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 6.01.
More about Zyloprim (allopurinol)
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- Drug class: antigout agents
Other brands: Aloprim