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Propranolol and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 4 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with propranolol which include:

Moderate

propranolol ↔ Alcohol (Ethanol)

Moderate Drug Interaction

Propranolol and ethanol may have additive effects in lowering your blood pressure. You may experience headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, and/or changes in pulse or heart rate. These side effects are most likely to be seen at the beginning of treatment, following a dose increase, or when treatment is restarted after an interruption. Let your doctor know if you develop these symptoms and they do not go away after a few days or they become troublesome. Avoid driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medications affect you, and use caution when getting up from a sitting or lying position. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

propranolol ↔ multivitamins with minerals

Moderate Drug Interaction

Using propranolol together with multivitamin with minerals may decrease the effects of propranolol. Separate the administration times of propranolol and multivitamin with minerals by at least 2 hours. If your doctor does prescribe these medications together, you may need a dose adjustment or special test to safely use both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

propranolol ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

Food can enhance the levels of propranolol in your body. You shoud take propranolol at the same time each day, preferably with or immediately following meals. This will make it easier for your body to absorb the medication. Avoid drinking alcohol, which could increase drowsiness and dizziness while you are taking propranolol. Propranolol is only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely.

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Moderate

High Cholesterol (Hyperlipoproteinemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Sitosterolemia)

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

beta-blockers - hyperlipidemia

Beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) may alter serum lipid profiles. Increases in serum VLDL and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as decreases in HDL cholesterol, have been reported with some beta-blockers. Patients with preexisting hyperlipidemia may require closer monitoring during beta-blocker therapy, and adjustments made accordingly in their lipid-lowering regimen.

References

  1. Samuel P, Chin B, Schoenfeld BH, et al "Comparison of the effect of pindolol versus propranolol on the lipid profile in patients treated for hypertension." Br J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1987): s63-4
  2. Rossner S, Weiner L "Atenolol and metoprolol: comparison of effects on blood pressure and serum lipoproteins, and side effects." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1983): 573-7
  3. Gordon NF, Scott CB, Duncan JJ "Effects of atenolol versus enalapril on cardiovascular fitness and serum lipids in physically active hypertensive men." Am J Cardiol 79 (1997): 1065-9
  4. Lithell H, Andersson PE "Metabolic effects of carvedilol in hypertensive patients." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 52 (1997): 13-7
  5. Rossner S, Weiner L "Atenolol and metoprolol: comparison of effects on blood pressure and serum lipoproteins, and side effects." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1983): 573-7
  6. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  7. Szollar LG, Meszaros I, Tornoci L, et al "Effect of metoprolol and pindolol monotherapy on plasma lipid- and lipoprotein-cholesterol levels (including the HDL subclasses) in mild hypertensive males and females." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 15 (1990): 911-7
  8. Darga LL, Hakim MJ, Lucas CP, Franklin BA "Comparison of the effects of guanadrel sulfate and propranolol on blood pressure, functional capacity, serum lipoproteins and glucose in systemic hypertension." Am J Cardiol 67 (1991): 590-6
  9. Ferrara LA, Marotta T, Scilla A, et al "Effect of oxprenolol and metoprolol on serum lipid concentration." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 26 (1984): 331-4
  10. Terent A, Ribacke M, Carlson LA "Long-term effect of pindolol on lipids and lipoproteins in men with newly diagnosed hypertension." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1989): 347-50
  11. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  12. Northcote RJ, Packard CJ, Ballantyne D "The effect of sotalol on plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins." Clin Chim Acta 158 (1986): 187-91
  13. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  14. Safran AB, Simona F, Sansonetti A, Pometta D, James R "Effects of ocular carteolol and timolol on plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level." Am J Ophthalmol 117 (1994): 683
  15. Sasaki J, Saku K, Ideishi M, et al "Effects of pindolol on serum lipids, apolipoproteins, and lipoproteins in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension." Clin Ther 11 (1989): 219-24
  16. Valimaki M, Maass L, Harno K, Nikkila EA "Lipoprotein lipids and apoproteins during beta-blocker administration: comparison of penbutolol and atenolol." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 30 (1986): 17-20
  17. Clucas A, Miller N "Effects of acebutolol on the serum lipid profile." Drugs 36 Suppl 2 (1988): 41-50
  18. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  19. Sasaki J, Kajiyama G, Kusukawa R, Mori H, Koga S, Takagi R, Tanaka N, Ogawa N, Arakawa K "Effect of bevantolol and propranolol on serum lipids in patients with essential hypertension." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 32 (1994): 660-4
  20. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  21. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  22. Pasotti C, Capra A, Fiorella G, et al "Effects of pindolol and metoprolol on plasma lipids and lipoproteins." Br J Clin Pharmacol 13 (1982): s435-9
  23. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  24. Harvengt C, Heller FR, Martiat P, Nieuwenhuyze YV "Short-term effects of beta blockers atenolol, nadolol, pindolol, and propranolol on lipoprotein metabolism in normolipemic subjects." J Clin Pharmacol 27 (1987): 475-80
  25. Disler LJ, Joffe BI, Seftel HC "Massive hypertriglyceridemia associated with atenolol." Am J Med 85 (1988): 586-7
  26. Kasiske BL, Ma JZ, Kalil RS, Louis TA "Effects of antihypertensive therapy on serum lipids." Ann Intern Med 122 (1995): 133-41
  27. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  28. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  29. Lehtonen A, Hietanen E, Marniemi J, Peltonen P, Nikkila EA "Effect of sotalol withdrawal on serum lipids and lipoprotein lipase activity." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 21 (1983): 73-6
  30. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  31. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  32. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  33. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  34. Carlson LA, Ribacke M, Terent A "A long-term study on the effect of pindolol on serum lipoproteins: a preliminary report." Br J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1987): s61-2
  35. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  36. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  37. Lind L, Pollare T, Berne C, Lithell H "Long-term metabolic effects of antihypertensive drugs." Am Heart J 128 (1994): 1177-83
  38. Leren P, Foss PO, Nordvik B, Fossbakk B "The effect of enalapril and timolol on blood lipids." Acta Med Scand 223 (1988): 321-6
  39. Weiner L, Rossner S "Atenolol 50 mg or metoprolol 200 mg: a comparison of antihypertensive efficacy, side effects and lipoprotein changes." Acta Med Scand 677 (1983): 153-7
View all 39 references

Propranolol drug interactions

There are 1083 drug interactions with propranolol

Propranolol disease interactions

There are 20 disease interactions with propranolol which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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