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Isopto Cetapred (prednisolone / sulfacetamide sodium ophthalmic) Disease Interactions

There are 9 disease interactions with Isopto Cetapred (prednisolone / sulfacetamide sodium ophthalmic):

Major

Ophthalmic Corticosteroids (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Ocular Infections

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Ocular Infection

The use of ophthalmic corticosteroids is contraindicated in most viral diseases of the cornea and conjunctiva, including epithelial herpes simplex keratitis (dendritic keratitis), vaccinia, and varicella; fungal diseases of ocular structures; mycobacterial infections, including tuberculosis, of the eye; and any acute, purulent, untreated ocular infections. Corticosteroids may decrease host resistance to infectious agents, thus prolonging the course and/or exacerbating the severity of the infection while encouraging the development of new or secondary infection. In addition, administration of ophthalmic corticosteroids in severe ocular disease, especially acute herpes simplex keratitis, may lead to excessive corneal and scleral thinning, increasing the risk for perforation. In less serious ocular infections, therapy with ophthalmic corticosteroids may be administered but only with caution and accompanied by appropriate antimicrobial agents. Besides compromising host immune response, corticosteroids may also mask the symptoms of infection, thus hindering the recognition of potential ineffectiveness of the antibiotic therapy. If infection does not improve or becomes worse during administration of an ophthalmic corticosteroid, the drug should be discontinued and other appropriate therapy initiated.

References

  1. "Product Information. FML Ophthalmic Suspension (fluoromethalone ophthalmic)." Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  2. "Product Information. Pred Forte (prednisolone ophthalmic)." Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  3. "Product Information. Decadron Ocumeter (dexamethasone ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  4. "Product Information. HMS (medrysone ophthalmic)." Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  5. "Product Information. Vexol (rimexolone ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  6. "Product Information. Lotemax (loteprednol ophthalmic)." Bausch and Lomb, Tampa, FL.
View all 6 references
Major

Ophthalmic Corticosteroids (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Ocular Toxicities

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Cataracts, Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension

Prolonged use of corticosteroids may cause posterior subcapsular cataracts and elevated intraocular pressure, the latter of which may lead to glaucoma and/or damage to the optic nerves. Therapy with ophthalmic corticosteroids should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of cataracts, glaucoma, or increased intraocular pressure. If these agents are used for more than 10 days, the manufacturers recommend that intraocular pressure be routinely monitored, including in children. The equatorial and posterior subcapsular portions of the lens should be examined for changes.

References

  1. Francois J "Corticosteroid glaucoma." Ann Ophthalmol 9 (1977): 1075-80
  2. "Product Information. Vexol (rimexolone ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  3. Foster CS, Alter G, Debarge LR, Raizman MB, Crabb JL, Santos CI, Feiler LS, Friedlaender MH "Efficacy and safety of rimexolone 1% ophthalmic suspension vs 1% prednisolone acetate in the treatment of uveitis." Am J Ophthalmol 122 (1996): 171-82
  4. "Product Information. Lotemax (loteprednol ophthalmic)." Bausch and Lomb, Tampa, FL.
  5. Seale JP, Compton MR "Side-effects of corticosteroid agents." Med J Aust 144 (1986): 139-42
  6. "Product Information. Pred Forte (prednisolone ophthalmic)." Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  7. "Product Information. Decadron Ocumeter (dexamethasone ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  8. Leibowitz HM, Bartlett JD, Rich R, Mcquirter H, Stewart R, Assil K "Intraocular pressure-raising potential of 1.0% rimexolone in patients responding to corticosteroids." Arch Ophthalmol 114 (1996): 933-7
  9. Butcher JM, Austin M, McGalliard J, Bourke RD "Bilateral cataracts and glaucoma induced by long term use of steroid eye drops." BMJ 309 (1994): 43
  10. "Product Information. HMS (medrysone ophthalmic)." Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  11. Godel V, Regenbogen L, Stein R "On the mechanism of corticosteroid-induced ocular hypertension." Ann Ophthalmol 10 (1978): 191-6
  12. "Product Information. FML Ophthalmic Suspension (fluoromethalone ophthalmic)." Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  13. Kitazawa Y "Increased intraocular pressure induced by corticosteroids." Am J Ophthalmol 82 (1976): 492-5
View all 13 references
Major

Topical Sulfonamides (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Hematologic Toxicity

Severe Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Bone Marrow Depression/Low Blood Counts

Sulfonamides may be systemically absorbed when applied to the skin, eye, or mucosal membranes. The use of sulfonamides has been associated with hematologic toxicity, including methemoglobinemia, sulfhemoglobinemia, leukopenia, granulocytopenia, eosinophilia, hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia, purpura, clotting disorder, thrombocytopenia, hypofibrinogenemia, and hypoprothrombinemia. Therapy with topical sulfonamides should be administered cautiously in patients with preexisting blood dyscrasias or bone marrow suppression. Complete blood counts should be obtained regularly during prolonged therapy (>2 weeks), and patients should be instructed to immediately report any signs or symptoms suggestive of blood dyscrasia such as fever, sore throat, local infection, bleeding, pallor, dizziness, or jaundice.

References

  1. "Product Information. Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole ophthalmic)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  2. Davies GE, Palek J "Selective erythroid and magakaryocytic aplasia after sulfasalazine administration." Arch Intern Med 140 (1980): 1122
  3. Pena JM, Gonzalez-Garcia JJ, Garcia-Alegria J, Barbado FJ, Vazquez JJ "Thrombocytopenia and sulfasalazine." Ann Intern Med 102 (1985): 277-8
  4. "Product Information. Sultrin (triple sulfa topical)" Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  5. Damergis J, Stoker J, Abadie J "Methemoglobinemia after sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim therapy." JAMA 249 (1983): 590-1
  6. "Product Information. Sulamyd Ophthalmic Solution (sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  7. Gales BJ, Gales MA "Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor for sulfasalazine-induced agranulocytosis." Ann Pharmacother 27 (1993): 1052-4
  8. Youssef PP, Bertouch JV "Sulphasalazine induced aplastic anaemia." Aust N Z J Med 22 (1992): 391-2
  9. Barak S, Shaked Y, Bar A, Samra Y "Drug-induced post-surgical hemorrhage resulting from trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole." Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 18 (1989): 206-7
  10. Guillemin F, Aussedat R, Guerci A, Lederlin P, Trechot P, Pourel J "Fatal agranulocytosis in sulfasalazine treated rheumatoid arthritis." J Rheumatol 16 (1989): 1166-7
  11. Betkowski AS, Lubin A "Sulfamethoxazole-related antiplatelet antibody." Blood 82 (1993): 1683
  12. Jacobson IM, Kelsey PB, Blyden GT, Demirjian ZN, Isselbacher KJ "Sulfasalazine-induced agranulocytosis." Am J Gastroenterol 80 (1985): 118-21
  13. Chan M, Beale D, Moorhead J "Acute megaloblastosis due to cotrimoxazole." Br J Clin Pract 34 (1980): 87-8
  14. "Product Information. Sulfacet-R (sulfacetamide sodium topical)" Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  15. Mechanick JI "Coombs' positive hemolytic anemia following sulfasalazine therapy in ulcerative colitis: case reports, review, and discussion of pathogenesis." Mt Sinai J Med 52 (1985): 667-70
  16. "Product Information. Trusopt (dorzolamide ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  17. Mitrane MP, Singh A, Seibold JR "Cholestasis and fatal agranulocytosis complicating sulfasalazine therapy: case report and review of the literature." J Rheumatol 13 (1986): 969-72
  18. "Product Information. Azopt (brinzolamide ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  19. Kuipers EJ, Vellenga E, de Wolf JT, Hazenberg BP "Sulfasalazine induced agranulocytosis treated with GM-CSF." J Rheumatol 19 (1992): 621-2
  20. Wheelan KR, Cooper B, Stone MJ "Multiple haematologic abnormalities associated with sulfasalazine." Ann Intern Med 97 (1982): 726-7
  21. "Product Information. Klaron (sulfacetamide sodium topical)." Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  22. Keisu M, Ekman E "Sulfasalazine associated agranulocytosis in sweden 1972-1989: clinical features, and estimation of its incidence." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 43 (1992): 215-8
  23. "Product Information. AVC Cream (sulfanilamide topical)" Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Swiftwater, PA.
View all 23 references
Major

Topical Sulfonamides (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Hypersensitivity Reactions

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Allergies, Asthma, HIV Infection

Sulfonamides may be systemically absorbed when applied to the skin, eye, or mucosal membranes. The use of sulfonamides is associated with large increases in the risk of Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis and other serious dermatologic reactions, although these phenomena are rare as a whole. Hepatitis, pneumonitis, and interstitial nephritis have also occurred in association with sulfonamide hypersensitivity. Therapy with topical sulfonamides should be administered cautiously in patients with severe allergies, bronchial asthma or AIDS, since these patients may be at increased risk for potentially severe hypersensitivity reactions. Patients should be instructed to promptly report signs and symptoms that may precede the onset of cutaneous manifestations of the Stevens-Johnson syndrome, such as high fever, severe headache, stomatitis, conjunctivitis, rhinitis, urethritis, and balanitis. Sulfonamide therapy should be stopped at once if a rash develops.

References

  1. "Product Information. Sulfacet-R (sulfacetamide sodium topical)" Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  2. Williams T, Eidus L, Thomas P "Fibrosing alveolitis, bronchiolitis obliterans, and sulfasalazine therapy." Chest 81 (1982): 766-8
  3. "Product Information. Azopt (brinzolamide ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  4. Yaffe BH, Korelitz BI "Sulfasalazine pneumonitis." Am J Gastroenterol 78 (1983): 493-4
  5. Leroux JL, Ghezail M, Chertok P, Blotman F "Hypersensitivity reactions to sulfasalazine: skin rash, fever, hepatitis and activated lymphocytes." Clin Exp Rheumatol 10 (1992): 427
  6. Faintuch J, Mott CB, Machado MC "Pancreatitis and pancreatic necrosis during sulfasalazine therapy." Int Surg 70 (1985): 271-2
  7. Namias A, Bhalotra R, Donowitz M "Reversible sulfasalazine-induced granulomatous hepatitis." J Clin Gastroenterol 3 (1981): 193-8
  8. Robson M, Levi J, Dolberg L, Rosenfeld J "Acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis following sulfadiazine therapy." Isr J Med Sci 6 (1970): 561-6
  9. Sotolongo RP, Neefe LI, Rudzki C, Ishak KG "Hypersensitivity reaction to sulfasalazine with severe hepatotoxicity." Gastroenterology 75 (1978): 95-9
  10. "Product Information. Trusopt (dorzolamide ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  11. Pearl RK, Nelson RL, Prasad ML, Orsay CP, Abcarian H "Serious complications of sulfasalazine." Dis Colon Rectum 29 (1986): 201-2
  12. Tenant-Flowers M, Boyle M, Carey D, et al "Sulphadiazine desenitization in patients with AIDS and cerebral toxoplasmosis." AIDS 5 (1991): 311-5
  13. "Product Information. Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole ophthalmic)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  14. Fich A, Schwartz J, Braverman D, Zifroni A, Rachmilewitz D "Sulfasalazine hepatotoxicity." Am J Gastroenterol 79 (1984): 401-2
  15. Pisanty S, Brayer L "Erythema multiforme-like eruption due to sulfadiazine." J Dent Med 20 (1965): 154-7
  16. Goadsby P, Donaghy A, Lloyd A, Wakefield D "Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and sulfadiazine-associated acute renal failure." Ann Intern Med 107 (1987): 783-4
  17. Ribe J, Benkov KJ, Thung SN, Shen SC, LeLeiko NS "Fatal massive hepatic necrosis: a probable hypersensitivity reaction to sulfasalazine." Am J Gastroenterol 81 (1986): 205-8
  18. Kanner RS, Tedesco FJ, Kalser MH "Azulfidine- (sulfasalazine-) induced hepatic injury." Am J Dig Dis 23 (1978): 956-8
  19. Rubin R "Sulfasalazine-induced fulminant hepatic failure and necrotizing pancreatitis." Am J Gastroenterol 89 (1994): 789-91
  20. Kawada A, Kobayashi T, Noguchi H, Hiruma M, Ishibashi A, Marshall J "Fixed drug eruption induced by sulfasalazine." Contact Dermatitis 34 (1996): 155-6
  21. "Product Information. Sulamyd Ophthalmic Solution (sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  22. Poland GA, Love KR "Marked atypical lymphocytosis, hepatitis, and skin rash in sulfasalazine drug allergy." Am J Med 81 (1986): 707-8
  23. Stevenson D, Christie D, Haas J "Hepatic injury in a child caused by trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole." Pediatrics 61 (1978): 864-6
  24. Johnson M, Goodwin D, Shands J "Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole anaphylactoid reactions in patients with AIDS: case reports and literature review." Pharmacotherapy 10 (1990): 413-16
  25. Hofer T, Becker EW, Weigand K, Berg PA "Demonstration of sensititzed lymphocytes to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and ofloxacin in a patient with cholestatic hepatitis." J Hepatol 15 (1992): 262-3
  26. Horak J, Mertl L, Hrabal P "Severe liver injuries due to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and sulfamethoxydiazine." Hepatogastroenterology 31 (1984): 199-200
  27. "Product Information. Sultrin (triple sulfa topical)" Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  28. "Product Information. Klaron (sulfacetamide sodium topical)." Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  29. Rudra T, Webb D, Evans A "Acute tubular necrosis following co-trimoxazole therapy." Nephron 53 (1989): 85-6
  30. Steinbrecher U, Mishkin S "Sulfamethoxazole-induced hepatic injury." Dig Dis Sci 26 (1981): 756-9
  31. Averbuch M, Halpern Z, Hallak A, Topilsky M, Levo Y "Sulfasalazine pneumonitis." Am J Gastroenterol 80 (1985): 343-5
  32. Marinac JS, Stanford JF "A severe hypersensitive reaction to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus." Clin Infect Dis 16 (1993): 178-9
  33. Wang KK, Bowyer BA, Fleming CR, Schroeder KW "Pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia associated with sulfasalazine." Mayo Clin Proc 59 (1984): 343-6
  34. Whittington R "Toxic epidermal necrolysis and co-trimoxazole." Lancet 2 (1989): 574
  35. Heer M, Altorfer J, Burger H, Walti M "Bullous esophageal lesions due to co-trimoxazole: an immune-mediated process?" Gastroenterology 88 (1985): 1954-7
  36. Haines JD, Jr "Hepatotoxicity after treatment with sulfasalazine." Postgrad Med 79 (1986): 193-4,
  37. Holdcroft C, Ellison R "Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole reaction simulating pneumocystis carinii pneumonia." AIDS 5 (1991): 1029-42
  38. Ulstad D, Ampel N, Shon B, Galgiani JN, Cutcher AB "Reaction after re-exposure to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole." Chest 95 (1989): 937-8
  39. Valcke Y, Pauwels R, Van der Straeten M "Bronchoalveolar lavage in acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by sulfasalazine." Chest 92 (1987): 572-3
  40. Smith E, Light J, Filo R, Yum M "Interstitial nephritis caused by trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in renal transplant recipients." JAMA 244 (1980): 360-1
  41. Gibson J "Recurrent trimethoprim-associated fixed skin eruption." Br Med J 284 (1982): 1529-30
  42. Carbone L, Bendixen B, Appel G "Sulfadiazine-associated obstructive nephropathy occurring in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome." Am J Kidney Dis 12 (1988): 72-5
  43. Roujeau JC, Kelly JP, Naldi L, et al. "Medication use and the risk of Stevens-Johnson syndrome or toxic epidermal necrolysis." N Engl J Med 333 (1995): 1600-7
  44. "Product Information. AVC Cream (sulfanilamide topical)" Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Swiftwater, PA.
  45. Losek JD, Werlin SL "Sulfasalazine hepatotoxicity." Am J Dis Child 135 (1981): 1070-2
  46. Kelly W, Dooley D, Lattuada C, Smith C "A severe, unusual reaction to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus." Clin Infect Dis 14 (1992): 1034-9
  47. Hamadeh MA, Atkinson J, Smith LJ "Sulfasalazine-induced pulmonary disease." Chest 101 (1992): 1033-7
  48. Taffet SL, Das KM "Sulfasalazine. Adverse effects and desensitization." Dig Dis Sci 28 (1983): 833-42
  49. Gabazza EC, Taguchi O, Yamakami T, Machishi M, Ibata H, Suzuki S, Matsumoto K, Kitagawa T, Yamamoto J "Pulmonary infiltrates and skin pigmentation associated with sulfasalazine." Am J Gastroenterol 87 (1992): 1654-7
  50. Gremse DA, Bancroft J, Moyer MS "Sulfasalazine hypersensitivity with hepatotoxicity, thrombocytopenia, and erythroid hypoplasia." J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 9 (1989): 261-3
  51. Marinos G, Riley J, Painter DM, McCaughan GW "Sulfasalazine-induced fulminant hepatic failure." J Clin Gastroenterol 14 (1992): 132-5
View all 51 references
Major

Topical Sulfonamides (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Porphyria

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Porphyria

Sulfonamides may be systemically absorbed when applied to the skin, eye, or mucosal membranes. Therapy with topical sulfonamides should be administered cautiously in patients with porphyria, since these drugs can precipitate an acute attack. The use of oral sulfonamides is considered contraindicated in patients with porphyria.

References

  1. "Product Information. Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole ophthalmic)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Sulamyd Ophthalmic Solution (sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Sultrin (triple sulfa topical)" Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  4. "Product Information. Klaron (sulfacetamide sodium topical)." Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  5. "Product Information. AVC Cream (sulfanilamide topical)" Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Swiftwater, PA.
  6. "Product Information. Azopt (brinzolamide ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  7. "Product Information. Trusopt (dorzolamide ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  8. "Product Information. Sulfacet-R (sulfacetamide sodium topical)" Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
View all 8 references
Moderate

Topical Sulfonamides (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Crystalluria

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Dehydration, Diarrhea, Vomiting

Sulfonamides may be systemically absorbed when applied to the skin, eye, or mucosal membranes. The use of sulfonamides has been associated with crystalluria due to precipitation of the sulfonamide and/or its N4-acetyl metabolite in the urinary tract. Renal toxicity such as uro- and nephrolithiasis, nephritis, toxic nephrosis, hematuria, proteinuria, and elevated BUN and creatinine has been reported. Hydration and adequate urinary output (> 1.5 L/day) should be maintained during sulfonamide administration. Patients who are dehydrated (e.g., due to severe diarrhea or vomiting) may be at increased risk for the development of crystalluria and lithiasis and should be encouraged to consume additional amounts of liquid. Renal function tests and urinalysis should be performed regularly during prolonged therapy (> 2 weeks).

References

  1. Molina J, Belenfant X, Doco-Lecompte T, et al "Sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria in AIDS patients with toxoplasma encephalitis." AIDS 5 (1991): 587-9
  2. "Product Information. Sultrin (triple sulfa topical)" Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Sulamyd Ophthalmic Solution (sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  4. "Product Information. Sulfacet-R (sulfacetamide sodium topical)" Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  5. Hein R, Brunkhorst R, Thon WF, Schedel I, Schmidt RE "Symptomatic sulfadiazine crystalluria in AIDS patients: a report of two cases." Clin Nephrol 39 (1993): 254-6
  6. Simon D, Brosius F, Rothstein D "Sulfadiazine crystalluria revisited." Arch Intern Med 150 (1990): 2379-84
  7. Sasson JP, Dratch PL, Shortsleeve MJ "Renal US findings in sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria." Radiology 185 (1992): 739-40
  8. "Product Information. Trusopt (dorzolamide ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  9. "Product Information. Azopt (brinzolamide ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  10. Sahai J, Heimberger R, Collins K, Kaplowitz L, Polk R "Sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a reminder." Am J Med 84 (1988): 791-2
  11. "Product Information. AVC Cream (sulfanilamide topical)" Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Swiftwater, PA.
  12. Robson M, Levi J, Dolberg L, Rosenfeld J "Acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis following sulfadiazine therapy." Isr J Med Sci 6 (1970): 561-6
  13. "Product Information. Klaron (sulfacetamide sodium topical)." Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  14. Erturk E, Casemento JB, Guertin KR, Kende AS "Bilateral acetylsulfapyridine nephrolithiasis associated with chronic sulfasalazine therapy." J Urol 151 (1994): 1605-6
  15. "Product Information. Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole ophthalmic)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
View all 15 references
Moderate

Topical Sulfonamides (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

Sulfonamides may be systemically absorbed when applied to the skin, eye, or mucosal membranes. Hepatotoxicity, including jaundice, diffuse hepatocellular necrosis, hypersensitivity hepatitis and hepatic failure, has rarely been reported in patients receiving sulfonamides. In addition, sulfonamides are partially metabolized by the liver and may accumulate in patients with hepatic impairment. Therapy with topical sulfonamides should be administered cautiously in patients with liver disease.

References

  1. Horak J, Mertl L, Hrabal P "Severe liver injuries due to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and sulfamethoxydiazine." Hepatogastroenterology 31 (1984): 199-200
  2. Ransohoff D, Jacobs G "Terminal hepatic failure following a small dose of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim." Gastroenterology 80 (1981): 816-9
  3. Ribe J, Benkov KJ, Thung SN, Shen SC, LeLeiko NS "Fatal massive hepatic necrosis: a probable hypersensitivity reaction to sulfasalazine." Am J Gastroenterol 81 (1986): 205-8
  4. Klotz U "Clinical pharmacokinetics of sulphasalazine, its metabolites and other prodrugs of 5-aminosalicylic acid." Clin Pharmacokinet 10 (1985): 285-302
  5. "Product Information. Klaron (sulfacetamide sodium topical)." Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  6. "Product Information. Sulfacet-R (sulfacetamide sodium topical)" Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  7. Madsen S "A comparative study of the excretion of sulfonamide-metabolites in cases of renal failure and hepatitis." Chemotherapy 11 (1966): 1-9
  8. Leroux JL, Ghezail M, Chertok P, Blotman F "Hypersensitivity reactions to sulfasalazine: skin rash, fever, hepatitis and activated lymphocytes." Clin Exp Rheumatol 10 (1992): 427
  9. Fich A, Schwartz J, Braverman D, Zifroni A, Rachmilewitz D "Sulfasalazine hepatotoxicity." Am J Gastroenterol 79 (1984): 401-2
  10. Kanner RS, Tedesco FJ, Kalser MH "Azulfidine- (sulfasalazine-) induced hepatic injury." Am J Dig Dis 23 (1978): 956-8
  11. "Product Information. Trusopt (dorzolamide ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  12. Kremers P, Duvivier J, Heusghem C "Pharmacokinetic studies of co-trimoxazole in man after single and repeated doses." J Clin Pharmacol 14 (1974): 112-7
  13. Gremse DA, Bancroft J, Moyer MS "Sulfasalazine hypersensitivity with hepatotoxicity, thrombocytopenia, and erythroid hypoplasia." J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 9 (1989): 261-3
  14. "Product Information. Azopt (brinzolamide ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  15. Namias A, Bhalotra R, Donowitz M "Reversible sulfasalazine-induced granulomatous hepatitis." J Clin Gastroenterol 3 (1981): 193-8
  16. Stachowska B, Senczuk W "Studies on kinetics of sulfadiazine and trimethoprim excretion in man." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 25 (1987): 81-5
  17. Ortengren B, Fellner H, Bergan T "Development of sulphonamide-trimethoprim combinations for urinary tract infections. Part 2: Comparative pharmacokinetics of five sulphonamides." Infection 7 Suppl 4 (1979): s367-70
  18. Kowdley K, Keeffe E, Fawaz K "Prolonged cholestasis due to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole." Gastroenterology 102 (1992): 2148-50
  19. Ortengren B, Magni L, Bergan T "Development of sulphonamide-trimethoprim combinations for urinary tract infections. part 3: pharmacokinetic characterization of sulphadiazine and sulphamethoxazole." Infection 7 (1979): s371-81
  20. Schroder H, Campbell DE "Absorption, metabolism, and excretion of salicylazosulfapyridine in man." Clin Pharmacol Ther 13 (1972): 539-51
  21. "Product Information. Sulamyd Ophthalmic Solution (sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  22. Sotolongo RP, Neefe LI, Rudzki C, Ishak KG "Hypersensitivity reaction to sulfasalazine with severe hepatotoxicity." Gastroenterology 75 (1978): 95-9
  23. "Product Information. AVC Cream (sulfanilamide topical)" Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Swiftwater, PA.
  24. Poland GA, Love KR "Marked atypical lymphocytosis, hepatitis, and skin rash in sulfasalazine drug allergy." Am J Med 81 (1986): 707-8
  25. "Product Information. Sultrin (triple sulfa topical)" Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  26. "Product Information. Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole ophthalmic)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  27. Patel RB, Welling PG "Clinical pharmacokinetics of co-trimoxazole (trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole)." Clin Pharmacokinet 5 (1980): 405-23
  28. Steinbrecher U, Mishkin S "Sulfamethoxazole-induced hepatic injury." Dig Dis Sci 26 (1981): 756-9
  29. Rubin R "Sulfasalazine-induced fulminant hepatic failure and necrotizing pancreatitis." Am J Gastroenterol 89 (1994): 789-91
  30. Simma B, Meister B, Deutsch J, Sperl W, Fend F, Ofner D, Margreiter R, Vogel W "Fulminant hepatic failure in a child as a potential adverse effect of trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole." Eur J Pediatr 154 (1995): 530-3
  31. Alberti-Flor JJ, Hernandez ME, Ferrer JP, Howell S, Jeffers L "Fulminant liver failure and pancreatitis associated with the use of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim." Am J Gastroenterol 84 (1989): 1577-9
  32. Hekster C, Vree T "Clinical pharmacokinetics of sulphonamides and their N4-acetyl derivatives." Antibiot Chemother 31 (1982): 22-118
  33. Haines JD, Jr "Hepatotoxicity after treatment with sulfasalazine." Postgrad Med 79 (1986): 193-4,
  34. Andreasen F, Elsborg L, Husted S, Thomsen O "Pharmacokinetics of sulfadiazine and trimethoprim in man." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 14 (1978): 57-67
  35. Hofer T, Becker EW, Weigand K, Berg PA "Demonstration of sensititzed lymphocytes to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and ofloxacin in a patient with cholestatic hepatitis." J Hepatol 15 (1992): 262-3
  36. Losek JD, Werlin SL "Sulfasalazine hepatotoxicity." Am J Dis Child 135 (1981): 1070-2
  37. Khan AK, Truelove SC, Aronson JK "The disposition and metabolism of sulphasalazine (salicylazosulphapyridine) in man." Br J Clin Pharmacol 13 (1982): 523-8
  38. Bergan T, Brodwall EK "Human pharmacokinetics of a sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim combination." Acta Med Scand 192 (1972): 483-92
  39. Marinos G, Riley J, Painter DM, McCaughan GW "Sulfasalazine-induced fulminant hepatic failure." J Clin Gastroenterol 14 (1992): 132-5
  40. Stevenson D, Christie D, Haas J "Hepatic injury in a child caused by trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole." Pediatrics 61 (1978): 864-6
View all 40 references
Moderate

Topical Sulfonamides (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Sulfonamides may be systemically absorbed when applied to the skin, eye, or mucosal membranes. Once absorbed, sulfonamides and their metabolites are eliminated by the kidney. Patients with renal impairment may be at greater risk for adverse effects from sulfonamides due to decreased drug clearance. Additionally, sulfonamides may cause renal toxicity secondary to crystalluria, including uro- and nephrolithiasis, nephritis, toxic nephrosis, hematuria, proteinuria, and elevated BUN and creatinine. Hydration and adequate urinary output (> 1.5 L/day) should be maintained during sulfonamide administration. Renal function tests and urinalysis should be performed regularly during prolonged therapy (> 2 weeks). Some manufacturers of topical sulfonamide products do not recommend their use in patients with impaired renal function.

References

  1. Cohen M, Pocelinko R "Renal transport mechanisms for the excretion of sulfisoxazole." J Pharmacol Exp Ther 185 (1973): 703-12
  2. "Product Information. Azopt (brinzolamide ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  3. Christin S, Baumelou A, Bahri S, Ben Hmida M, Deray G, Jacobs C "Acute renal failure due to sulfadiazine in patients with AIDS." Nephron 55 (1990): 233-4
  4. Simon D, Brosius F, Rothstein D "Sulfadiazine crystalluria revisited." Arch Intern Med 150 (1990): 2379-84
  5. Madsen S "A comparative study of the excretion of sulfonamide-metabolites in cases of renal failure and hepatitis." Chemotherapy 11 (1966): 1-9
  6. Hein R, Brunkhorst R, Thon WF, Schedel I, Schmidt RE "Symptomatic sulfadiazine crystalluria in AIDS patients: a report of two cases." Clin Nephrol 39 (1993): 254-6
  7. Ohnhaus EE, Spring P "Elimination kinetics of sulfadiazine in patients with normal and impaired renal function." J Pharmacokinet Biopharm 3 (1975): 171-9
  8. Marques L, Silva M, Madeira E, Santos O "Obstructive renal failure due to therapy with sulfadiazine in an AIDS patient." Nephron 62 (1992): 361
  9. "Product Information. Klaron (sulfacetamide sodium topical)." Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  10. Shermantine M, Gambertoglio J, Amend W, Vincenti F, Oie S "Pharmacokinetics of sulfisoxazole in renal transplant patients." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 28 (1985): 535-9
  11. Sahai J, Heimberger R, Collins K, Kaplowitz L, Polk R "Sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a reminder." Am J Med 84 (1988): 791-2
  12. Carbone L, Bendixen B, Appel G "Sulfadiazine-associated obstructive nephropathy occurring in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome." Am J Kidney Dis 12 (1988): 72-5
  13. Hekster C, Vree T "Clinical pharmacokinetics of sulphonamides and their N4-acetyl derivatives." Antibiot Chemother 31 (1982): 22-118
  14. Marques LP, Silva MT, Madeira EP, Santos OR "Obstructive renal failure due to therapy with sulfadiazine in an AIDS patient." Nephron 62 (1992): 361
  15. "Product Information. Sulfacet-R (sulfacetamide sodium topical)" Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  16. Rieder J, Schwartz DE, Fernex M, et al "Pharmacokinetics of the antibacterial combination sulfamethoxazole plus trimethoprim in patients with normal or impaired kidney function." Antibiot Chemother 18 (1974): 148-98
  17. Kremers P, Duvivier J, Heusghem C "Pharmacokinetic studies of co-trimoxazole in man after single and repeated doses." J Clin Pharmacol 14 (1974): 112-7
  18. Bergan T, Brodwall EK, Vik-Mo H, Anstad U "Pharmacokinetics of sulphadiazine, sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim in patients with varying renal function." Infection 7 (1979): s382-7
  19. Becker K, Jablonowski H, Haussinger D "Sulfadiazine-associated nephrotoxicity in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome." Medicine 75 (1996): 185-94
  20. "Product Information. Trusopt (dorzolamide ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  21. "Product Information. AVC Cream (sulfanilamide topical)" Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Swiftwater, PA.
  22. Adam W, Dawborn J "Urinary excretion and plasma levels of sulphonamides in patients with renal impairment." Australas Ann Med 19 (1970): 250-4
  23. Ortengren B, Fellner H, Bergan T "Development of sulphonamide-trimethoprim combinations for urinary tract infections. Part 2: Comparative pharmacokinetics of five sulphonamides." Infection 7 Suppl 4 (1979): s367-70
  24. Bergan T, Brodwall E, Vik-Mo H, Anstad U "Pharmacokinetics of sulphadiazine, sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim in patients with varying renal function." Infection 7 (1979): s382-7
  25. Robson M, Levi J, Dolberg L, Rosenfeld J "Acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis following sulfadiazine therapy." Isr J Med Sci 6 (1970): 561-6
  26. Andreasen F, Elsborg L, Husted S, Thomsen O "Pharmacokinetics of sulfadiazine and trimethoprim in man." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 14 (1978): 57-67
  27. Patel RB, Welling PG "Clinical pharmacokinetics of co-trimoxazole (trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole)." Clin Pharmacokinet 5 (1980): 405-23
  28. Ortengren B, Magni L, Bergan T "Development of sulphonamide-trimethoprim combinations for urinary tract infections. part 3: pharmacokinetic characterization of sulphadiazine and sulphamethoxazole." Infection 7 (1979): s371-81
  29. "Product Information. Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole ophthalmic)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  30. Goadsby P, Donaghy A, Lloyd A, Wakefield D "Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and sulfadiazine-associated acute renal failure." Ann Intern Med 107 (1987): 783-4
  31. "Product Information. Sulamyd Ophthalmic Solution (sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  32. Erturk E, Casemento JB, Guertin KR, Kende AS "Bilateral acetylsulfapyridine nephrolithiasis associated with chronic sulfasalazine therapy." J Urol 151 (1994): 1605-6
  33. Stachowska B, Senczuk W "Studies on kinetics of sulfadiazine and trimethoprim excretion in man." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 25 (1987): 81-5
  34. Bergan T, Brodwall EK "Human pharmacokinetics of a sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim combination." Acta Med Scand 192 (1972): 483-92
  35. Vergin H, Ferber H, Zimmermann I, Neurath GB "Single and multiple dose kinetics of co-tetroxazine and co-trimoxazole in patients." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 19 (1981): 350-7
  36. "Product Information. Sultrin (triple sulfa topical)" Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  37. Adam WR, Henning M, Dawborn JK "Excretion of trimethoprim and sulphamethoxazole in patients with renal failure." Aust N Z J Med 3 (1973): 383-7
  38. Molina J, Belenfant X, Doco-Lecompte T, et al "Sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria in AIDS patients with toxoplasma encephalitis." AIDS 5 (1991): 587-9
  39. Rudra T, Webb D, Evans A "Acute tubular necrosis following co-trimoxazole therapy." Nephron 53 (1989): 85-6
  40. Sasson JP, Dratch PL, Shortsleeve MJ "Renal US findings in sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria." Radiology 185 (1992): 739-40
  41. Farinas MC, Echevarria S, Sampedro I, Gonzalez A, Perez del Molino A, Gonzalez-Macias J "Renal failure due to sulphadiazine in AIDS patients with cerebral toxoplasmosis." J Intern Med 233 (1993): 365-7
  42. Cryst C, Hammar S "Acute granulomatous interstitial nephritis due to co-trimoxazole." Am J Nephrol 8 (1988): 483-8
  43. Dwarakanath AD, Michael J, Allan RN "Sulphasalazine-induced renal failure." Gut 33 (1992): 1006-7
  44. Smith E, Light J, Filo R, Yum M "Interstitial nephritis caused by trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in renal transplant recipients." JAMA 244 (1980): 360-1
View all 44 references
Moderate

Topical Sulfonamides (Includes Isopto Cetapred) ↔ Urinary Obstruction

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Urinary Retention

Sulfonamides may be systemically absorbed when applied to the skin, eye, or mucosal membranes. Once absorbed, sulfonamides are excreted and concentrated in the urine. Therapy with topical sulfonamides should be administered cautiously in patients with urinary obstruction or retention, since excessive drug accumulation may occur. These patients may also be at increased risk for sulfonamide crystalluria, which may be associated with renal toxicity such as uro- and nephrolithiasis, nephritis, toxic nephrosis, hematuria, proteinuria, and elevated BUN and creatinine. A urinary output of at least 1.5 L/day should be maintained during sulfonamide administration. Renal function tests and urinalysis should be performed regularly during prolonged therapy (> 2 weeks).

References

  1. "Product Information. Sulamyd Ophthalmic Solution (sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  2. Erturk E, Casemento JB, Guertin KR, Kende AS "Bilateral acetylsulfapyridine nephrolithiasis associated with chronic sulfasalazine therapy." J Urol 151 (1994): 1605-6
  3. "Product Information. Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole ophthalmic)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  4. Sasson JP, Dratch PL, Shortsleeve MJ "Renal US findings in sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria." Radiology 185 (1992): 739-40
  5. "Product Information. Sultrin (triple sulfa topical)" Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  6. Molina J, Belenfant X, Doco-Lecompte T, et al "Sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria in AIDS patients with toxoplasma encephalitis." AIDS 5 (1991): 587-9
  7. Marques LP, Silva MT, Madeira EP, Santos OR "Obstructive renal failure due to therapy with sulfadiazine in an AIDS patient." Nephron 62 (1992): 361
  8. Simon D, Brosius F, Rothstein D "Sulfadiazine crystalluria revisited." Arch Intern Med 150 (1990): 2379-84
  9. "Product Information. Azopt (brinzolamide ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
  10. "Product Information. Klaron (sulfacetamide sodium topical)." Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
  11. "Product Information. AVC Cream (sulfanilamide topical)" Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Swiftwater, PA.
  12. Sahai J, Heimberger R, Collins K, Kaplowitz L, Polk R "Sulfadiazine-induced crystalluria in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a reminder." Am J Med 84 (1988): 791-2
  13. Carbone L, Bendixen B, Appel G "Sulfadiazine-associated obstructive nephropathy occurring in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome." Am J Kidney Dis 12 (1988): 72-5
  14. "Product Information. Trusopt (dorzolamide ophthalmic)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  15. Hein R, Brunkhorst R, Thon WF, Schedel I, Schmidt RE "Symptomatic sulfadiazine crystalluria in AIDS patients: a report of two cases." Clin Nephrol 39 (1993): 254-6
  16. Marques L, Silva M, Madeira E, Santos O "Obstructive renal failure due to therapy with sulfadiazine in an AIDS patient." Nephron 62 (1992): 361
  17. "Product Information. Sulfacet-R (sulfacetamide sodium topical)" Dermik Laboratories, Collegeville, PA.
View all 17 references

Isopto Cetapred (prednisolone / sulfacetamide sodium ophthalmic) drug Interactions

There are 9 drug interactions with Isopto Cetapred (prednisolone / sulfacetamide sodium ophthalmic)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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