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Rocephin IM Convenience Kit (ceftriaxone / lidocaine) Disease Interactions

There are 15 disease interactions with Rocephin IM Convenience Kit (ceftriaxone / lidocaine):

Major

Antiarrhythmics (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) cardiovascular dysfunction

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Congestive Heart Failure, Hypotension

Antiarrhythmic agents can induce severe hypotension (particularly with IV administration) or induce or worsen congestive heart failure (CHF). Patients with primary cardiomyopathy or inadequately compensated CHF are at increased risk. Antiarrhythmic agents should be administered cautiously and dosage and/or frequency of administration modified in patients with hypotension or adequately compensated CHF. Alternative therapy should be considered unless these conditions are secondary to cardiac arrhythmia.

References

  1. Halkin H, Meffin P, Melmon KL, Rowland M "Influence of congestive heart failure on blood levels of lidocaine and its active monodeethylated metabolite." Clin Pharmacol Ther 17 (1975): 669-76
  2. "Product Information. Cordarone (amiodarone)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Mexitil (mexiletine)." Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT.
  4. "Product Information. Quinidex (quinidine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. "Product Information. Corvert (ibutilide)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  6. Ravid S, Podrid PJ, Lampert S, Lown B "Congestive heart failure induced by six of the newer antiarrhythmic drugs." J Am Coll Cardiol 14 (1989): 1326-30
  7. "Product Information. Xylocaine (lidocaine)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
  8. Swiryn S, Kim SS "Quinidine-induced syncope." Arch Intern Med 143 (1983): 314-6
  9. Prescott LF, Adjepon-Yamoah KK, Talbot RG "Impaired lignocaine metabolism in patients with myocardial infarction and cardiac failure." Br Med J 1 (1976): 939-41
  10. "Product Information. Cordarone Intravenous (amiodarone)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  11. "Product Information. Adenocard (adenosine)." Fujisawa, Deerfield, IL.
  12. "Product Information. Quiniglute (quinidine)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  13. Ochs HR, Grube E, Greenblatt DJ, Arendt R "Intravenous quinidine in congestive cardiomyopathy." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 19 (1981): 173-6
  14. Crouthamel WG "The effect of congestive heart failure on quinidine pharmacokinetics." Am Heart J 90 (1975): 335-9
  15. Gottlieb SS, Packer M "Deleterious hemodynamic effects of lidocaine in severe congestive heart failure." Am Heart J 118 (1989): 611-2
  16. Thomson P, Melmon K, Richardson J, Cohn K Steinbrunn W, Cudihee R, Rowland M "Lidocaine pharmacokinetics in advanced heart failure, liver disease, and renal failure in humans." Ann Intern Med 78 (1973): 499-508
  17. Singh SN, Fletcher RD, Fisher SG, et al. "Amiodarone in patients with congestive heart failure and asymptomatic ventricular arrhythmia." N Engl J Med 333 (1995): 77-82
View all 17 references
Major

Antiarrhythmics (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) proarrhythmic effects

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Arrhythmias

Antiarrhythmic agents can induce or worsen ventricular arrhythmias. Ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and torsades de pointes have occurred in some patients. Patients with underlying cardiac dysfunction, bradycardia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or high antiarrhythmic serum concentrations are at increased risk for drug-induced arrhythmias. Therapy with antiarrhythmics should be used with extreme caution in patients with or predisposed to arrhythmias. Evidence of improved survival is lacking for use of antiarrhythmic therapy in asymptomatic, non-life-threatening arrhythmias. Therapy with antiarrhythmic agents should be reserved for patients with life-threatening arrhythmias.

References

  1. Andrivet P, Beaslay V, Canh VD "Torsades de pointe with flecainide-amiodarone therapy." Intensive Care Med 16 (1990): 342-3
  2. "Product Information. Adenocard (adenosine)." Fujisawa, Deerfield, IL.
  3. "Product Information. Bretylol (bretylium)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  4. Nora MO, Chandrasekaran K, Hammill SC, Reeder GS "Prolongation of ventricular depolarization: ECG manifestation of mexiletine toxicity." Chest 95 (1989): 925-8
  5. Said SAM, Somer ST, Luttikhuis HAO "Flecainide-induced JT prolongation, t wave inversion and ventricular tachycardia during treatment for symptomatic atrial fibrillation." Int J Cardiol 44 (1994): 285-7
  6. "Product Information. Procan SR (procainamide)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  7. Morganroth J, Horowitz LN "Incidence of proarrhythmic effects from quinidine in the outpatient treatment of benign or potentially lethal ventricular arrhythmias." Am J Cardiol 56 (1985): 585-7
  8. Ben-Sorek ES, Wiesel J "Ventricular fibrillation following adenosine administration. A case report." Arch Intern Med 153 (1993): 2701-2
  9. Raehl CL, Patel AK, LeRoy M "Drug-induced torsade de pointes." Clin Pharm 4 (1985): 675-90
  10. Boriani G, Biffi M, Frabetti L, Azzolini U, Sabbatani P, Bronzetti G, Capucci A, Magnani B "Ventricular fibrillation after intravenous amiodarone in wolff-parkinson-white syndrome with atrial fibrillation." Am Heart J 131 (1996): 1214-6
  11. Reed R, Falk JL, O'Brien J "Untoward reaction to adenosine therapy for supraventricular tachycardia." Am J Emerg Med 9 (1991): 566-70
  12. Meurer MK "A 21-year-old woman with rapid atrial fibrillation after adenosine administration." J Emerg Nurs 17 (1991): 135-6
  13. Anderson JL, Popat KD "Paradoxical ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation after intravenous bretylium therapy." Arch Intern Med 141 (1981): 801-2
  14. Makkar RR, Fromm BS, Steinman RT, Meissner MD, Lehmann MH "Female gender as a risk factor for torsades de pointes associated with cardiovascular drugs." JAMA 270 (1993): 2590-7
  15. Hii JT, Wyse DG, Gillis AM, et al "Propafenone-induced torsade de pointes: cross-reactivity with quinidine." Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 14 (1991): 1568-70
  16. Strickberger SA, Man KC, Daoud EG, et al. "Adenosine-induced atrial arrhythmia: a prospective analysis." Ann Intern Med 127 (1997): 417-22
  17. "Product Information. Tambocor (flecainide)." 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN.
  18. Exner DV, Muzyka T, Gillis AM "Proarrhythmia in patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome after standard doses of intravenous adenosine." Ann Intern Med 122 (1995): 351-2
  19. "Product Information. Cordarone (amiodarone)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  20. Riccioni N, Castiglioni M, Bartolomei C "Disopyramide-induced QT prolongation and ventricular tachyarrhythmias." Am Heart J 105 (1983): 870-1
  21. Celiker A, Tokel K, Cil E, Ozkutlu S, Ozme S "Adenosine induced torsades de pointes in a child with congenital long QT syndrome." Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 17 (1994): 1814-7
  22. "Product Information. Norpace (disopyramide)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  23. Stratmann H, Walter K, Kennedy H "Torsade de pointes associated with elevated N-acetylprocainamide levels." Am Heart J 109 (1985): 375-6
  24. Silverman AJ, Machado C, Baga JJ, Meissner MD, Lehmann MH, Steinman RT "Adenosine-induced atrial fibrillation." Am J Emerg Med 14 (1996): 300-1
  25. Stavens CS, McGovern B, Garan H, Ruskin JN "Aggravation of electrically provoked ventricular tachycardia during treatment with propafenone." Am Heart J 110 (1985): 24-9
  26. Wesley RC Jr, Turnquest P "Torsades de pointe after intravenous adenosine in the presence of prolonged QT syndrome." Am Heart J 123 (1992): 794-6
  27. "Product Information. Mexitil (mexiletine)." Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT.
  28. "Product Information. Tonocard (tocainide)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  29. Buss J, Neuss H, Bilgin Y, Schlepper M "Malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias in association with propafenone treatment." Eur Heart J 6 (1985): 424-8
  30. Nathan AW, Hellestrand KJ, Bexton RS, Camm AJ "Fatal ventricular tachycardia in association with propafenone, a new class IC antiarrhythmic agent." Postgrad Med J 60 (1984): 155-6
  31. Bauman JL, Bauernfeind RA, Hoff JV, et al "Torsade de pointes due to quinidine: observations in 31 patients." Am Heart J 107 (1984): 425-30
  32. Morganroth J, Pratt CM "Prevalence and characteristics of proarrhythmia from moricizine (themozine)." Am J Cardiol 63 (1989): 172-6
  33. Kinney EL, Field EH, Salmon MP, Zelis R "Cardiac arrhythmias associated with disopyramide." N Engl J Med May (1990): 1146
  34. Koenig W, Schinz AM "Spontaneous ventricular flutter and fibrillation during quinidine medication." Am Heart J 105 (1983): 863-5
  35. Hohnloser SH, Klingenheben T, Singh BN "Amiodarone-associated proarrhythmic effects - a review with special reference to torsade de pointes tachycardia." Ann Intern Med 121 (1994): 529-35
  36. Chia BL "Disopyramide induced atypical ventricular tachycardia." Aust N Z J Med 10 (1980): 665-8
  37. Dhein S, Schott M, Gottwald E, Klaus W "Electrocardiological profile and proarrhythmic effects of quinidine, verapamil and their combination: a mapping study." Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 352 (1995): 94-101
  38. Heisler BE, Ferrier GR "Proarrhythmic actions of flecainide in an isolated tissue model of ischemia and reperfusion." J Pharmacol Exp Ther 279 (1996): 317-24
  39. Dougherty AH, Gilman JK, Wiggins S, Jalal S, Naccarelli GV "Provocation of atrioventricular reentry tachycardia: a paradoxical effect of adenosine." Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 16 (1993): 8-12
  40. Cheesman M, Ward DE "Exacerbation of ventricular tachycardia by tocainide." Clin Cardiol 8 (1985): 47-50
  41. "Product Information. Cordarone Intravenous (amiodarone)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  42. Strasberg B, Sclarovsky S, Erdberg A, et al "Procainamide-induced polymorphous ventricular tachycardia." Am J Cardiol 47 (1981): 1309-14
  43. Oberg KC, Otoole MF, Gallastegui JL, Bauman JL "''late'' proarrhythmia due to quinidine." Am J Cardiol 74 (1994): 192-4
  44. Lo KS, Gantz KB, Stetson PL, et al "Disopyramide-induced ventricular tachycardia." Arch Intern Med 140 (1980): 413-4
  45. "Product Information. Rhythmol (propafenone)." Knoll Pharmaceutical Company, Whippany, NJ.
  46. Tzivoni D, Keren A, Stern S, Gottlieb S "Disopyramide-induced Torsade de pointes." Arch Intern Med 141 (1981): 946-7
  47. Romer M, Candinas R "Adenosine-induced non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia." Eur Heart J 15 (1994): 281-2
  48. Sulke AN, Holt P, Sowton GE "Acceleration of conduction within an accessory pathway with propafenone." Int J Cardiol 28 (1990): 105-7
  49. Damle R, Levine J, Matos J, et al "Efficacy and risks of moricizine in inducible sustained ventricular tachycardia." Ann Intern Med 116 (1992): 375-81
  50. Cocco G, Strozzi C, Chu D, Pansini R "Torsades de pointes as a manifestation of mexiletine toxicity." Am Heart J 100 (1980): 878-80
  51. "Product Information. Pronestyl (procainamide)." Apothecon Inc, Plainsboro, NJ.
  52. Faggiano P, Gardini A, Daloia A, Benedini G, Giordano A "Torsade de pointes occurring early during oral amiodarone treatment." Int J Cardiol 55 (1996): 205-8
  53. Hohnloser SH, Vandeloo A, Baedeker F "Efficacy and proarrhythmic hazards of pharmacologic cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: prospective comparison of sotalol versus quinidine." J Am Coll Cardiol 26 (1995): 852-8
  54. "Product Information. Corvert (ibutilide)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  55. Au PK, Bhandari AK, Bream R, et al "Proarrhythmic effects of antiarrhythmic drugs during programmed ventricular stimulation in patients without ventricular tachycardia." J Am Coll Cardiol 9 (1987): 389-97
  56. "Product Information. Xylocaine (lidocaine)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
  57. Sclarovsky S, Lewin RF, Kracoff O, Strasberg B, Arditti A, Agmon J "Amiodarone-induced polymorphous ventricular tachycardia." Am Heart J 105 (1983): 6-12
  58. Williamson BD, Hummel J, Niebauer M, Man C, Strickberger SA, Daoud E, Morady F "Bradycardia-facilitated polymorphic ventricular tachycardia caused by amiodarone after radiofrequency modification of atrioventricular conduction." Am Heart J 130 (1995): 399-401
  59. Engler RL, LeWinter M "Tocainide-induced ventricular fibrillation." Am Heart J 101 (1981): 494-6
  60. Orebaugh SL, Handy M "Intravenous adenosine therapy accelerating rate of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia." Am J Emerg Med 10 (1992): 326-30
  61. Schweitzer P, Mark H "Torsade de pointes caused by disopyramide and hypokalemia." Mt Sinai J Med 49 (1982): 110-4
  62. "Product Information. Ethmozine (moricizine)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
View all 62 references
Major

Antibiotics (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) colitis

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Colitis/Enteritis (Noninfectious)

Clostridioides difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD), formerly pseudomembranous colitis, has been reported with almost all antibacterial drugs and may range from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. The most common culprits include clindamycin and lincomycin. Antibacterial therapy alters the normal flora of the colon, leading to overgrowth of C difficile, whose toxins A and B contribute to CDAD development. Morbidity and mortality are increased with hypertoxin-producing strains of C difficile; these infections can be resistant to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea after antibacterial use. Since CDAD has been reported to occur more than 2 months after antibacterial use, careful medical history is necessary. Therapy with broad-spectrum antibacterials and other agents with significant antibacterial activity should be administered cautiously in patients with history of gastrointestinal disease, particularly colitis; pseudomembranous colitis (generally characterized by severe, persistent diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps, and sometimes associated with the passage of blood and mucus), if it occurs, may be more severe in these patients and may be associated with flares in underlying disease activity. Antibacterial drugs not directed against C difficile may need to be stopped if CDAD is suspected or confirmed. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibacterial treatment of C difficile, and surgical evaluation should be started as clinically indicated.

References

  1. Moriarty HJ, Scobie BA "Pseudomembranous colitis in a patient on rifampicin and ethambutol." N Z Med J 04/23/80 (1980): 294-5
  2. Thomas E, Mehta JB "Pseudomembranous colitis due to oxacillin therapy." South Med J 77 (1984): 532-3
  3. Bauwens JE, McFarland LV, Melcher SA "Recurrent clostridium difficile disease following ciprofloxacin use." Ann Pharmacother 31 (1997): 1090
  4. Davies J, Beck E "Recurrent colitis following antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis." Postgrad Med J 57 (1981): 599-601
  5. Dan M, Samra Z "Clostridium difficile colitis associated with ofloxacin therapy." Am J Med 87 (1989): 479
  6. Harmon T, Burkhart G, Applebaum H "Perforated pseudomembranous colitis in the breast-fed infant." J Pediatr Surg 27 (1992): 744-6
  7. Milstone EB, McDonald AJ, Scholhamer CF Jr "Pseudomembranous colitis after topical application of clindamycin." Arch Dermatol 117 (1981): 154-5
  8. Cone JB, Wetzel W "Toxic megacolon secondary to pseudomembranous colitis." Dis Colon Rectum 25 (1982): 478-82
  9. Burt RA "A review of the drug events reported by 12,917 patients treated with cephalexin." Postgrad Med J 59 (1983): 47-50,51-3
  10. Cannon SR, Dyson PH, Sanderson PJ "Pseudomembranous colitis associated with antibiotic prophylaxis in orthopaedic surgery." J Bone Joint Surg Br 70-B (1988): 600-2
  11. Miller DL, Sedlack JD, Holt RW "Perforation complicating rifampin-associated pseudomembranous enteritis." Arch Surg 124 (1989): 1082
  12. Wang C, Calandra GB, Aziz MA, Brown KR "Efficacy and safety of imipenem/cilastatin: a review of worldwide clinical experience." Rev Infect Dis 7 (1985): s528-36
  13. Miller SN, Ringler RP "Vancomycin-induced pseudomembranous colitis." J Clin Gastroenterol 9 (1987): 114-5
  14. Bernstein L "Adverse reaction to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, with particular reference to long-term therapy." Can Med Assoc J 112 (1975): s96-8
  15. Calandra GB, Brown KR, Grad LC, et al "Review of adverse experiences and tolerability in the first 2,516 patients treated with imipenem/cilastatin." Am J Med 78 (1985): 73-8
  16. Pokorney BH, Nichols TW, Jr "Pseudomembranous colitis. A complication of sulfasalazine therapy in a patient with Crohn's colitis." Am J Gastroenterol 76 (1981): 374-6
  17. Sankarankutty M, McGeorge D, Galasko CS "Pseudomembranous colitis following cephradine prophylaxis." Postgrad Med J 58 (1982): 726-8
  18. Van Ness MM, Cattau EL Jr "Fulminant colitis complicating antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis: case report and review of the clinical manifestations and treatment." Am J Gastroenterol 82 (1987): 374-7
  19. Hutcheon DF, Milligan FD, Yardley JH, Hendrix TR "Cephalosporin-associated pseudomembranous colitis." Am J Dig Dis 23 (1978): 321-6
  20. Gordin F, Gibert C, Schmidt ME "Clostridium difficile colitis associated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole given as prophylaxis for pneumocystis carinii pneumonia." Am J Med 96 (1994): 94-5
  21. Bingley PJ, Harding GM "Clostridium difficile colitis following treatment with metronidazole and vancomycin." Postgrad Med J 63 (1987): 993-4
  22. Hinton NA "The effect of oral tetracycline HCl and doxycycline on the intestinal flora." Curr Ther Res Clin Exp 12 (1970): 341-52
  23. Ring FA, Hershfield NB, Machin GA, Scott RB "Sulfasalazine-induced colitis complicating idiopathic ulcerative colitis." Can Med Assoc J 131 (1984): 43-5
  24. Saginur R, Hawley CR, Bartlett JG "Colitis associated with metronidazole therapy." J Infect Dis 141 (1980): 772-4
  25. Friedman RJ, Mayer IE, Galambos JT, Hersh T "Oxacillin-induced pseudomembranous colitis." Am J Gastroenterol 73 (1980): 445-7
  26. "Multum Information Services, Inc. Expert Review Panel"
  27. Midtvedt T, Carlstedt-Duke B, Hoverstad T, et al "Influence of peroral antibiotics upon the biotransformatory activity of the intestinal microflora in healthy subjects." Eur J Clin Invest 16 (1986): 11-7
  28. Leigh DA, Simmons K, Williams S "Gastrointestinal side effects following clindamycin and lincomycin treatment: a follow up study." J Antimicrob Chemother 6 (1980): 639-45
  29. Altamirano A, Bondani A "Adverse reactions to furazolidone and other drugs. A comparative review." Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl 169 (1989): 70-80
  30. Hecht JR, Olinger EJ "Clostridium difficile colitis secondary to intravenous vancomycin." Dig Dis Sci 34 (1989): 148-9
  31. Brause BD, Romankiewicz JA, Gotz V, Franklin JE Jr, Roberts RB "Comparative study of diarrhea associated with clindamycin and ampicillin therapy." Am J Gastroenterol 73 (1980): 244-8
  32. Boriello SP, Jones RH, Phillips I "Rifampicin-associated pseudomembranous colitis." Br Med J 281 (1980): 1180-1
  33. Klinger D, Radford P, Collin J "Pneumoperitoneum without faecal peritonitis in a patient with pseudomembranous colitis." Br Med J 288 (1984): 1271-2
  34. Saadah HA "Carbenicillin and pseudomembranous enterocolitis." Ann Intern Med 93 (1980): 645
  35. Lyon JA "Imipenem/cilastatin: the first carbapenem antibiotic." Drug Intell Clin Pharm 19 (1985): 894-8
  36. Daly JJ, Chowdary KV "Pseudomembranous colitis secondary to metronidazole." Dig Dis Sci 28 (1983): 573-4
  37. Trexler MF, Fraser TG, Jones MP "Fulminant pseudomembranous colitis caused by clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream." Am J Gastroenterol 92 (1997): 2112-3
  38. Edlund C, Brismar B, Nord CE "Effect of lomefloxacin on the normal oral and intestinal microflora." Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 1 (1990): 35-9
  39. O'Meara TF, Simmons RA "Carbenicillin and pseudomembranous enterocolitis." Ann Intern Med 92 (1980): 440-1
  40. Meadowcroft AM, Diaz PR, Latham GS "Clostridium difficile toxin-induced colitis after use of clindmycin phosphate vaginal cream." Ann Pharmacother 32 (1998): 309-11
  41. Ehrenpreis ED, Lievens MW, Craig RM "Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea after norfloxacin." J Clin Gastroenterol 12 (1990): 188-9
  42. Osler T, Lott D, Bordley J, et al "Cefazolin-induced pseudomembranous colitis resulting in perforation of the sigmoid colon." Dis Colon Rectum 29 (1986): 140-3
  43. Parry MF, Rha CK "Pseudomembranous colitis caused by topical clindamycin phosphate." Arch Dermatol 122 (1986): 583-4
  44. Clissold SP, Todd PA, Campoli-Richards DM "Imipenem/cilastatin: a review of its antibacterial activity, pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic efficacy." Drugs 33 (1987): 185-241
  45. Sugarman B "Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, pseudomembranous colitis, and spinal cord injury." South Med J 78 (1985): 711-3
  46. Golledge CL, Riley TV "Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea after doxycycline malaria prophylaxis." Lancet 345 (1995): 1377-8
  47. Edlund C, Lidbeck A, Kager L, Nord CE "Effect of enoxacin on colonic microflora of healthy volunteers." Eur J Clin Microbiol 6 (1987): 298-300
View all 47 references
Major

Ceftriaxone (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) hyperbilirubinemia

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility.

Hyperbilirubinemic neonates, especially premature, should not be treated with ceftriaxone for injection. Studies have shown that ceftriaxone can displace bilirubin from its binding to serum albumin, leading to possible risk of bilirubin encephalopathy in these patients.

Major

Lidocaine (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) hepatic dysfunction

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Liver Disease

Lidocaine is rapidly and extensively metabolized by the liver. Less than 10% is eliminated unchanged in the urine. Several inactive and two active forms (MEGX and GX) have been identified. MEGX and GX exhibit antiarrhythmic and convulsant properties. GX accumulates during prolonged intravenous lidocaine infusion. The pharmacokinetic disposition of lidocaine is altered by changes in hepatic function, including hepatic blood flow. Therapy with lidocaine should be administered cautiously and dosing modifications for repeated or loading and maintenance doses may be necessary. Clinical monitoring of cardiac (continuous ECG) is required and serum metabolite concentrations and monitoring hepatic function are recommended.

References

  1. Thomson AH, Elliott HL, Kelman AW, et al "The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lignocaine and MEGX in healthy subjects." J Pharmacokinet Biopharm 15 (1987): 101-15
  2. Huang YS, Lee SD, Deng JF, Wu JC, Lu RH, Lin YF, Wang YJ, Lo KJ "Measuring lidocaine metabolite - monoethylglycinexylidide as a quantitative index of hepatic function in adults with chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis." J Hepatol 19 (1993): 140-7
  3. Huet P-M, LeLorier J "Effects of smoking and chronic hepatitis B on lidocaine and indocyanine green kinetics." Clin Pharmacol Ther 28 (1980): 208-15
  4. Huet PM, Villeneuve JP "Determinants of drug disposition in patients with cirrhosis." Hepatology 3 (1983): 913-8
  5. Bauer LA, Brown T, Gibaldi M, et al "Influence of long-term infusions on lidocaine kinetics." Clin Pharmacol Ther 31 (1982): 433-7
  6. "Product Information. Xylocaine (lidocaine)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
  7. Villeneuve JP, Thibeault MJ, Ampelas M, et al "Drug disposition in patients with HBsAg-positive chronic liver disease." Dig Dis Sci 32 (1987): 710-4
  8. Forrest JA, Finlayson ND, Adjepon-Yamoah KK, Prescott LF "Antipyrine, paracetamol, and lignocaine elimination in chronic liver disease." Br Med J 1 (1977): 1384-7
  9. Colli A, Buccino G, Cocciolo M, et al "Disposition of a flow-limited drug (lidocaine) and a metabolic capacity-limited drug (theophylline) in liver cirrhosis." Clin Pharmacol Ther 44 (1988): 642-9
  10. Shiffman ML, Luketic VA, Sanyal AJ, Duckworth PF, Purdum PP, Contos MJ, Mills AS, Edinboro LE, Poklis A "Hepatic lidocaine metabolism and liver histology in patients with chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis." Hepatology 19 (1994): 933-40
  11. Williams RL, Blaschke TF, Meffin PJ, et al "Influence of viral hepatitis on the disposition of two compounds with high hepatic clearance: lidocaine and indocyanine green." Clin Pharmacol Ther 20 (1976): 290-9
  12. Barry M, Keeling PW, Weir D, Feely J "Severity of cirrhosis and the relationship of a1-acid glycoprotein concentration to plasma protein binding of lidocaine." Clin Pharmacol Ther 47 (1990): 366-70
  13. Thomson P, Melmon K, Richardson J, Cohn K Steinbrunn W, Cudihee R, Rowland M "Lidocaine pharmacokinetics in advanced heart failure, liver disease, and renal failure in humans." Ann Intern Med 78 (1973): 499-508
View all 13 references
Major

Lidocaine (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) renal dysfunction

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility.

Lidocaine is primarily eliminated by the kidney. Less than 10% is eliminated unchanged in the urine. Two active metabolites (MEGX and GX) have been identified that exhibit antiarrhythmic and convulsant properties. GX accumulates during prolonged intravenous lidocaine infusion. Serum concentrations of lidocaine and the active metabolites are increased and the half-life prolonged in patients with renal impairment. Therapy with lidocaine should be administered cautiously and dosing modified for repeated or maintenance doses in patients with compromised renal function. Clinical monitoring of cardiac function (continual ECG) is required and serum metabolite concentrations and monitoring renal function are recommended.

References

  1. Collinsworth KA, Strong JM, Atkinson AJ Jr, et al "Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of lidocaine in patients with renal failure." Clin Pharmacol Ther 18 (1975): 59-64
  2. Jacobi J, McGory RW, McCoy H, Matzke GR "Hemodialysis clearance of total and unbound lidocaine." Clin Pharm 2 (1983): 54-7
  3. Grossman S, Davis D, Kitchell B, Shand D, Routledge P "Diazepam and lidocaine plasma protein binding in renal disease." Clin Pharmacol Ther 31 (1982): 350-7
  4. Vaziri ND, Saiki JK, Hughes W "Clearance of lidocaine by hemodialysis." South Med J 72 (1979): 1567-8
  5. Thomson P, Melmon K, Richardson J, Cohn K Steinbrunn W, Cudihee R, Rowland M "Lidocaine pharmacokinetics in advanced heart failure, liver disease, and renal failure in humans." Ann Intern Med 78 (1973): 499-508
  6. "Product Information. Xylocaine (lidocaine)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
  7. Thomson PD, Rowland M, Melmon KL "The influence of heart failure, liver disease, and renal failure on the disposition of lidocaine in man." Am Heart J 82 (1971): 417-21
  8. Eriksson E, Granberg P-O, Ortengren B "Study of renal excretion of prilocaine and lidocaine." Acta Chem Scand 358 (1966): 55-69
View all 8 references
Major

Lidocaine (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) seizures

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility.

Seizures have occurred during lidocaine therapy and have been associated with the rapid administration of a large intravenous doses or accumulation of active metabolites with maintenance therapy. Therapy with lidocaine should be administered cautiously to patients with or predisposed to seizure disorders. Clinical monitoring of cardiac (continuous ECG) is required, and serum metabolite concentrations are recommended.

References

  1. Crampton RS, Oriscello RG "Petit and grand mal convulsions during lidocaine hydrochloride treatment of ventricular tachycardia." JAMA 204 (1968): 109-12
  2. Wu FL, Razzaghi A, Souney PF "Seizure after lidocaine for bronchoscopy: case report and review of the use of lidocaine in airway anesthesia." Pharmacotherapy 13 (1993): 72-8
  3. Fortuna A, Fortuna AO "Convulsion during lignocaine infiltration." Anaesth Intensive Care 21 (1993): 483
  4. Pelter MA, Vollmer TA, Blum RL "Seizure-like reaction associated with subcutaneous lidocaine injection ." Clin Pharm 8 (1989): 767-8
  5. Ryan CA, Robertson M, Coe JY "Seizures due to lidocaine toxicity in a child during cardiac catheterization." Pediatr Cardiol 14 (1993): 116-8
  6. Sundaram MB "Seizures after intraurethral instillation of lidocaine." Can Med Assoc J 137 (1987): 219-20
  7. "Product Information. Xylocaine (lidocaine)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
View all 7 references
Major

Lidocaine (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) sinus/AV node dysfunction

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Heart Block

The use of lidocaine is contraindicated in patients with Stokes-Adam syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson White syndrome, or second- or third-degree AV block in the absence of a functional artificial pacemaker, or congenital QT prolongation.

References

  1. Tagliente TM, Jayagopal S "Transient left bundle branch block following lidocaine." Anesth Analg 69 (1989): 545-7
  2. Keidar S, Grenadier E, Palant A "Sinoatrial arrest due to lidocaine injection in sick sinus syndrome during amiodarone administration." Am Heart J 104 (1982): 1384-5
  3. Hilleman DE, Mohiuddin SM, Destache CJ "Lidocaine-induced second-degree mobitz type II heart block." Drug Intell Clin Pharm 19 (1985): 669-73
  4. "Product Information. Xylocaine (lidocaine)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
View all 4 references
Moderate

Antiarrhythmics (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) electrolyte imbalance

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Hypokalemia, Hyperkalemia, Magnesium Imbalance

Electrolyte imbalance can alter the therapeutic effectiveness of antiarrhythmic agents. Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia can reduce the effectiveness of antiarrhythmic agents. In some cases, these disorders can exaggerate the degree of QTc prolongation and increase the potential for torsade de pointes. Hyperkalemia can potentiate the toxic effects of antiarrhythmic agents. Electrolyte imbalance should be corrected prior to initiating antiarrhythmic therapy. Clinical monitoring of cardiac function and electrolyte concentrations is recommended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Tonocard (tocainide)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  2. "Product Information. Mexitil (mexiletine)." Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT.
  3. "Product Information. Norpace (disopyramide)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  4. "Product Information. Quinidex (quinidine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. "Product Information. Corvert (ibutilide)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  6. "Product Information. Pronestyl (procainamide)." Apothecon Inc, Plainsboro, NJ.
  7. "Product Information. Rhythmol (propafenone)." Knoll Pharmaceutical Company, Whippany, NJ.
  8. "Product Information. Procan SR (procainamide)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  9. "Product Information. Cordarone (amiodarone)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  10. "Product Information. Xylocaine (lidocaine)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
  11. "Product Information. Ethmozine (moricizine)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  12. "Product Information. Tambocor (flecainide)." 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN.
  13. "Product Information. Cordarone Intravenous (amiodarone)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
View all 13 references
Moderate

Ceftriaxone (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) gallbladder disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Liver Disease, Biliary Obstruction

Ceftriaxone can precipitate in the gallbladder. Sonographic abnormalities and symptoms of gallbladder disease have been reported. Therapy with ceftriaxone should be administered cautiously in patients with preexisting disease of the gallbladder, biliary tract, or liver. Serial abdominal ultrasonography may be appropriate during therapy. The drug should be discontinued in patients who develop signs and symptoms suggestive of gallbladder disease while being treated with ceftriaxone.

References

  1. Zinberg J, Chernaik R, Coman E, Rosenblatt R, brandt LJ "Reversible symptomatic biliary obstruction associated with ceftriaxone pseudolithiasis." Am J Gastroenterol 86 (1991): 1251-4
  2. Lopez AJ, O'Keefe P, Morrissey M, Pickleman J "Ceftriaxone-induced cholelithiasis." Ann Intern Med 115 (1991): 712-4
  3. "Product Information. Rocephin (ceftriaxone)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  4. Kirejczyk WM, Crowe HM, Mackay IM, Quintiliani R, Cronin EB "Disappearing "gallstones": biliary pseudolithiasis complicating ceftriaxone therapy." Am J Roentgenol 159 (1992): 329-30
  5. Maranan MC, Gerber SI, Miller GG "Gallstone pancreatitis caused by ceftriaxone." Pediat Inf Dis J 17 (1998): 662-3
  6. Meyboom RH, Kuiper H, Jansen A "Ceftriaxone and reversible cholelithiasis." BMJ 297 (1988): 858
  7. Pigrau C, Pahissa A, Gropper S, Sureda D, Martinez Vazquez JM "Ceftriaxone-associated biliary pseudolithiasis in adults." Lancet 2 (1989): 165
View all 7 references
Moderate

Ceftriaxone (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) pancreatitis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Biliary Obstruction

Cases of pancreatitis, possibly secondary to biliary obstruction, have been reported rarely in patients treated with ceftriaxone. Most patients presented with risk factors for biliary stasis and biliary sludge (preceding major therapy, severe illness, total parenteral nutrition). A cofactor role of ceftriaxone-related biliary precipitation cannot be ruled out.

Moderate

Ceftriaxone (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) prothrombin time alterations

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Liver Disease, Vitamin K Deficiency, Malnourished

Alterations in prothrombin times have rarely occurred in patients treated with ceftriaxone. Patients with impaired vitamin K synthesis or low vitamin K stores, such a patients with chronic hepatic disease and malnutrition, require monitoring of prothrombin time during treatment. Vitamin K administration (10 mg per week) might be needed if prothrombin time is prolonged before or during therapy.

Moderate

Ceftriaxone (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) renal/liver disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Renal Dysfunction, Biliary Obstruction

Ceftriaxone is eliminated by both renal and hepatobiliary excretion. At usual dosages (i.e. 1 to 2 g/day), adjustments are generally not necessary in either renal or hepatobiliary impairment. However, serum drug concentrations should be monitored periodically, and the dosage decreased accordingly if drug accumulation occurs. In patients with both hepatic and severe renal impairment, ceftriaxone dosage should not exceed 2 grams per day without close monitoring of serum concentrations.

References

  1. Stoeckel K, Koup JR "Pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in patients with renal and liver insufficiency and correlations with a physiologic nonlinear protein binding model." Am J Med 77 (1984): 26-32
  2. Pollock AA, Tee PE, Patel IH, Spicehandler J, Simberkoff MS, Rahal JJ "Pharmacokinetic characteristics of intravenous ceftriaxone in normal adults." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 22 (1982): 816-23
  3. Garcia RL, Santivanez V, Battilana CA "Single-dose pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in patients with end-stage renal disease and hemodialysis." Chemotherapy 34 (1988): 261-6
  4. McNamara PJ, Stoeckel K, Ziegler WH "Pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone following intravenous administration of a 3g dose." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 22 (1982): 71-5
  5. "Product Information. Rocephin (ceftriaxone)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.
  6. Stoeckel K, Tuerk H, Trueb V, McNamara PJ "Single-dose ceftriaxone kinetics in liver insufficiency." Clin Pharmacol Ther 36 (1984): 500-9
  7. Wise R, Wright N "The pharmacokinetics of cefotaxime and ceftriaxone in renal and hepatic dysfunction." Infection 13 (1985): s145-50
  8. Kowalsky SF, Echols RM, Parker MA "Pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in subjects with renal insufficiency." Clin Pharm 4 (1985): 177-81
  9. Cohen D, Appel GB, Scully B, Neu HC "Pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in patients with renal failure and in those undergoing hemodialysis." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 24 (1983): 529-32
  10. Patel IH, Chen S, Parsonnet M, et al "Pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in humans." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 20 (1981): 634-41
  11. Holazo, AA, Patel IH, Weinfeld RE, Konikoff JJ, Parsonnet M "Ceftriaxone pharmacokinetics following multiple intramuscular dosing." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 30 (1986): 109-12
  12. Stoeckel K, McNamara PJ, Hoppe-Seyler G, Blumberg A, Keller E "Single-dose ceftriaxone kinetics in functionally anephric patients." Clin Pharmacol Ther 33 (1983): 633-41
  13. Fraschini F, Braga PC, Scarpazza G, et al "Human pharmacokinetics and distribution in various tissues of ceftriaxone." Chemotherapy 32 (1986): 192-9
  14. Hary L, Andrejak M, Leleu S, et al "The pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone and cefotaxime in cirrhotic patients with ascites." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1989): 613-6
  15. Ti TY, Fortin L, Kreeft JH, East DS, Ogilvie RI, Somerville PJ "Kinetic disposition of intravenous ceftriaxone in normal subjects and patients with renal failure on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 25 (1984): 83-7
View all 15 references
Moderate

Cephalosporins (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) liver disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

Cases of hepatitis have been reported with the use of certain cephalosporins. Transient rise in SGOT, SGPT, and alkaline phosphatase levels have also been observed. Caution and monitoring is recommended when these agents are prescribed to patients with hepatic disorders.

Moderate

Cephalosporins (applies to Rocephin IM Convenience Kit) seizure disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Seizures

Cephalosporins have been implicated in triggering seizures. Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE), encephalopathy, coma, asterixis, neuromuscular excitability, and myoclonia have been reported with cephalosporins particularly in patients with a history of epilepsy and/or when recommended dosages of cephalosporins were exceeded due to renal impairment. Adjust dosing based on creatinine clearance. Anticonvulsant therapy should be continued in patients with known seizure disorders. If CNS adverse reactions including seizures occur, patients should undergo a neurological evaluation to determine whether treatment should be discontinued.

Rocephin IM Convenience Kit (ceftriaxone / lidocaine) drug interactions

There are 263 drug interactions with Rocephin IM Convenience Kit (ceftriaxone / lidocaine)

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.