Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (Oral)
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Dec 13, 2021.
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
- Powder for Suspension
Therapeutic Class: Gastrointestinal Agent
Uses for sodium zirconium cyclosilicate
Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate is used to treat hyperkalemia (high potassium in the blood). Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate is a potassium binder. It should not be used as an emergency treatment for life-threatening hyperkalemia.
Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before using sodium zirconium cyclosilicate
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For sodium zirconium cyclosilicate, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to sodium zirconium cyclosilicate or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate in the elderly.
Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.
Interactions with medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking sodium zirconium cyclosilicate, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using sodium zirconium cyclosilicate with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Dabigatran Etexilate
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other medical problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Bowel blockage or impaction or
- Constipation, severe or
- Surgery for bowel movement disorder, history of—Use has not been studied in patients with these conditions. Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate may not work properly and may worsen these conditions.
- Heart failure or
- Kidney disease (eg, hemodialysis patients)—Use with caution. May increase risk for more side effects.
Proper use of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate
Take sodium zirconium cyclosilicate exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.
- Empty the contents of the packet into a glass filled with 3 tablespoons or more of water.
- Stir well and drink immediately.
- If some powder is still in the glass, add more water. Stir and drink it right away. Repeat as needed to make sure you get your full dose.
If you are taking other medicines, use sodium zirconium cyclosilicate 2 hours before or 2 hours after these medicines. Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate may keep other medicines from working properly.
The dose of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (powder for suspension):
- For treatment of hyperkalemia:
- Adults—At first, 10 grams (g) 3 times a day for up to 48 hours. For patients receiving dialysis, the dose is usually 5 g once a day taken on non-dialysis days. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For treatment of hyperkalemia:
If you miss a dose of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions while using sodium zirconium cyclosilicate
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that sodium zirconium cyclosilicate is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.
Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate may cause swelling in the different parts of your body. This is more likely if you have heart failure or kidney disease. You may also need to adjust your sodium intake while using sodium zirconium cyclosilicate. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns.
Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking sodium zirconium cyclosilicate. The results of some tests (eg, abdominal or stomach X-ray) may be affected by sodium zirconium cyclosilicate.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate side effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Decreased urine
- dry mouth
- increased thirst
- irregular heartbeat
- loss of appetite
- mood changes
- muscle pain or cramps
- numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Frequently asked questions
More about sodium zirconium cyclosilicate
- Side effects
- Drug interactions
- Dosage information
- During pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Reviews (1)
- En español
- Drug class: cation exchange resins
- Other brands
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Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.