lanreotide (Subcutaneous route)
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- Somatuline Depot
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Endocrine-Metabolic Agent
Pharmacologic Class: Somatostatin (class)
Uses For lanreotide
Lanreotide injection is used for the long-term treatment of acromegaly (a growth hormone disorder) in patients who cannot be treated with surgery or radiation. lanreotide works by reducing the amount of growth hormone that the body produces. lanreotide is also used to treat neuroendocrine tumors from the stomach or bowels or pancreas (GEP-NET) that has spread or cannot be removed by surgery.
Lanreotide injection is also used to treat carcinoid syndrome. It reduces the need for the use of short-acting somatostatin medicine.
lanreotide is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.
Before Using lanreotide
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For lanreotide, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to lanreotide or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of lanreotide injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of lanreotide in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving lanreotide injection.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving lanreotide, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using lanreotide with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Insulin Aspart, Recombinant
- Insulin Bovine
- Insulin Degludec
- Insulin Detemir
- Insulin Glargine, Recombinant
- Insulin Glulisine
- Insulin Lispro, Recombinant
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of lanreotide. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Bradycardia (slow heartbeat) or
- Diabetes or
- Gallbladder disease or
- Gallstones, or history of or
- Heart and blood vessel disease or
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
- Thyroid problems—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Kidney disease or
- Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper Use of lanreotide
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you lanreotide in a hospital or clinic. lanreotide is given as a shot under the skin of your upper buttocks every 4 weeks.
lanreotide comes with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Precautions While Using lanreotide
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure lanreotide is working properly. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
lanreotide may increase your risk of having gallstones. Check with your doctor right away if you have severe stomach pain with nausea and vomiting.
lanreotide may cause your blood sugar levels to rise or fall. lanreotide may cover up signs of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), such as a change in your pulse rate. If you notice a change in the results of your blood sugar test or urine sugar test, check with your doctor.
lanreotide may increase your risk for heart and blood vessel problems, including hypertension and a slow heartbeat. This may cause chest pain or discomfort, headaches, dizziness, or blurred vision. You might need to measure your blood pressure at home. If you think your blood pressure is too high or if your heartbeat is too slow, call your doctor right away.
lanreotide may make you dizzy. Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how lanreotide affects you.
If you plan to have children, talk with your doctor before using lanreotide. Some women using lanreotide have become infertile (unable to have children).
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
lanreotide Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Blurred vision
- chest pain or discomfort
- gaseous abdominal or stomach pain
- lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
- pale skin
- pounding in the ears
- recurrent fever
- slow, fast, or irregular heartbeat
- stomach fullness
- troubled breathing with exertion
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- yellow eyes or skin
- dark urine
- difficulty swallowing
- fast heartbeat
- fat in the stool
- hives, itching, skin rash
- large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
- loss of appetite
- pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- severe nausea or vomiting
- stomach pain or cramps
- sudden loss of weight
- tightness in the chest
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Difficulty having a bowel movement
- difficulty with moving
- excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
- feeling of fullness
- inflammation, itching, lumps, or pain at the injection site
- muscle pain or stiffness
- pain in the joints
- passing gas
- weight loss
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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More about lanreotide
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Support Group
- En Español
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- Drug class: somatostatin and somatostatin analogs
Other brands: Somatuline Depot