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Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), or stomach stapling, is surgery to make the stomach smaller.
HOW TO PREPARE:
The week before your surgery:
- Write down the correct date, time, and location of your surgery.
- Arrange a ride home. Ask a family member or friend to drive you home after your surgery or procedure. Do not drive yourself home.
- Ask your caregiver if you need to stop using aspirin or any other prescribed or over-the-counter medicine before your procedure or surgery.
- Bring your medicine bottles or a list of your medicines when you see your caregiver. Tell your caregiver if you are allergic to any medicine. Tell your caregiver if you use any herbs, food supplements, or over-the-counter medicine.
- You may need blood or urine tests before your surgery. You may also need x-rays or an EKG. Talk to your healthcare provider about these or other tests you may need. Write down the date, time, and location for each test.
The night before your surgery:
Ask caregivers about directions for eating and drinking.
The day of your surgery:
- Ask your caregiver before you take any medicine on the day of your surgery. Bring a list of all the medicines you take, or your pill bottles, with you to the hospital. Caregivers will check that your medicines will not interact poorly with the medicine you need for surgery.
- You or a close family member will be asked to sign a legal document called a consent form. It gives caregivers permission to do the procedure or surgery. It also explains the problems that may happen, and your choices. Make sure all your questions are answered before you sign this form.
- Caregivers may insert an intravenous tube (IV) into your vein. A vein in the arm is usually chosen. Through the IV tube, you may be given liquids and medicine.
- An anesthesiologist will talk to you before your surgery. You may need medicine to keep you asleep or numb an area of your body during surgery. Tell caregivers if you or anyone in your family has had a problem with anesthesia in the past.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN:
What will happen:
Your surgeon will make small incisions in your abdomen. A scope and other medical tools will be put through the incision. Your surgeon will use a soft band and staples to make a small stomach pouch. The band is located at the lower part of the pouch and creates a small opening. The opening will allow food to pass into the rest of the stomach. Your surgeon will close your incisions with stitches or staples.
You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. You will be monitored closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your healthcare provider says it is okay. You will then be able to go home or be taken to your hospital room.
CONTACT YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IF:
- You cannot make it to your surgery.
- You have a fever.
- You get a cold or the flu.
- You have questions or concerns about your surgery.
Seek Care Immediately if
- Your symptoms get worse.
- You may bleed more than expected or get an infection. Your esophagus or other organs may be damaged during surgery. The gastric band may break, cause a scar, or erode the stomach tissue. The internal staple line could break down. Stomach liquid may leak into your abdomen. You may develop gallstones. You may lose weight and then gain it back.
- You may stretch out your stomach pouch if you eat too much, too fast, or do not chew well. This may cause nausea and vomiting. You may have a stomach ache, heartburn, or develop an ulcer. Food that is not chewed well may get stuck in the opening between the small and large stomach pouches. You may not get enough protein and vitamins from your diet. You may get a blood clot in your limb. This may become life-threatening.