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Transjugular Liver Biopsy

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What do I need to know about a transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB)?

A TJLB is a procedure to remove a sample of tissue from your liver. The sample can be sent to a lab and tested for liver disease, cancer, or infection.

How do I prepare for a TJLB?

What will happen during a TJLB?

What will happen after a TJLB?

Healthcare providers will monitor your vital signs and check for bleeding from your neck vein. Do not get out of bed until your healthcare provider says it is okay. You may be able to go home in 4 to 6 hours, or you may need to spend a night in the hospital. Your neck, abdomen, and right shoulder may be sore. You may also have mild swelling and bruising in your neck. These symptoms should get better in 48 to 72 hours.

What are the risks of a TJLB?

You may bleed more than expected or get an infection. The catheter may make a hole in your blood vessels, lung, or liver. The catheter may cause an abnormal heartbeat when it passes through blood vessels in your heart. These problems may become life-threatening.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.