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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A meningioma is a tumor that starts in the meninges of the brain and spinal cord. The meninges are the tissues that cover the brain and spinal cord. They prevent germs and other substances from entering the brain and spinal cord. Most meningiomas are slow-growing and benign (not cancer).
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
- Antibiotics are given to treat or prevent a bacterial infection.
- Anticonvulsants are given to control seizures.
- Antinausea medicine is given to reduce nausea and vomiting.
- Blood thinners help prevent blood clots. Blood thinners may be given before, during, and after a surgery or procedure. Blood thinners make it more likely for you to bleed or bruise.
- Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
- An x-ray, ultrasound, CT, or MRI will show the location of the tumor. You may be given contrast dye to help the tumor show up better in the pictures. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell the healthcare provider if you have any metal in or on your body.
- An angiogram is done to look at the blood vessels supplying the tumor. Contrast dye is injected into an artery and x-rays of your blood flow are taken. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye.
- Surgery may be done to remove the tumor.
- Endovascular embolization is a procedure to reduce or stop blood flow to the meningioma and decrease its size. Your healthcare provider will insert a catheter into a blood vessel that goes to your brain. When the artery that is supplying the meningioma is reached, a coil or glue is injected to block blood flow to the tumor.
- Hormone therapy may help to decrease the size of tumors that need estrogen for growth.
- Radiation therapy uses high energy x-ray beams to kill tumor cells and decrease the size of the tumor.
- Chemotherapy is used to kill tumor cells.
Surgery may increase your risk for an infection or bleeding. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can cause nausea, vomiting, hair loss, and diarrhea. Even with treatment, your meningioma may spread or return.
CARE AGREEMENT:You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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