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Brain Tumors

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is a brain tumor?

A brain tumor is a mass that grows in your brain, or in an area near the brain. Examples include nerves in your skull, pituitary gland, or the membranes that cover your brain. The tumor may start in your brain or travel to your brain from another part of your body. There are many kinds of brain tumors. Each kind is named for where it begins and what it does in the brain. A tumor may be malignant (cancer), or benign (not cancer). It may grow quickly or slowly.

Brain Anatomy

What causes or increases my risk for a brain tumor?

What are the signs and symptoms of a brain tumor?

Signs and symptoms depend on the kind of tumor you have, and where it is in your brain. Brain tumors often cause problems on only one side of the body. Some tumors can cause problems on both sides. You may have any of the following:

How is a brain tumor diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. Tell him or her if you have ever had cancer, and what kind you had. Tell him or her if you have a family history of brain tumors or cancer. You may need any of the following:

How is a brain tumor treated?

A tumor that travels to the brain will need treatment for the original kind of cancer. For example, breast cancer that travels to the brain may respond to drugs used to treat breast cancer. One or more of the following may be used to treat the tumor or problems caused by the tumor:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to manage my symptoms?

Where can I find support and more information?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Brain Tumors

Treatment options

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Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.