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A hemorrhoidectomy is surgery to remove hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels inside your rectum or on your anus.



  • Topical medicine: This may come as pads, creams, ointments, or lotions. This medicine may help decrease pain and swelling, and help your rectum heal faster.
  • Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take this medicine.
  • Stool softeners: This medicine makes it easier for you to have a bowel movement. You may need this medicine to treat or prevent constipation.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Warm sitz bath: Heat may help to decrease pain. Use a sitz bath. A sitz bath is a pan that fits on the toilet bowl and has warm water in it. Ask how often to use a sitz bath.
  • Prevent constipation: Eat foods that are high in fiber, and drink more liquids. High-fiber foods include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and bran. This will help soften your bowel movements. Regular exercise may also help prevent constipation.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have nausea or are vomiting.
  • You have a fever.
  • It is hard to urinate or have a bowel movement.
  • You have pain when you urinate or have a bowel movement.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You begin to bleed from your rectum and cannot get it to stop.
  • You have severe pain in your stomach or anus.
  • You cannot urinate, or you urinate very little.
  • Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.
  • You suddenly feel lightheaded and short of breath.
  • You have chest pain when you take a deep breath or cough. You cough up blood.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Hemorrhoidectomy (Aftercare Instructions)

Micromedex® Care Notes