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Gestational Diabetes Diet

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is a gestational diabetes diet?

A gestational diabetes diet is a meal plan that helps control your blood sugar levels throughout your pregnancy. Too much carbohydrate in one meal or snack can cause your blood sugar to rise to a very high level. High blood sugar levels throughout your pregnancy can cause your baby to gain too much weight and lead to other health problems. A healthy meal plan will help you keep your blood sugar within the recommended range.

Which meal plan is right for me?

Carbohydrate counting and diabetes exchanges are meal planning methods that can help you control your blood sugar levels. Your dietitian or healthcare provider will tell you the amount of calories, carbohydrate, and other nutrients you need each day. The amounts depend on your activity levels and if you use insulin. Your dietitian or provider will tell you how many servings of each you can have during meals and snacks. He or she can also help you find the meal plan that meets your nutrient needs and that works best for you.

What are some general carbohydrate guidelines I should follow?

Your healthcare provider may recommend the following:

Which foods contain carbohydrates?

One serving of the foods below contains about 15 grams of carbohydrate.

What other guidelines should I follow?

When should I call my doctor or dietitian?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare provider to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.