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Concussion in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. It is usually caused by a bump or blow to the head. Forceful shaking can also cause a concussion.

What are the signs and symptoms of a concussion?

Signs and symptoms may happen right away, or develop hours or days after the concussion. Depending on your child's age, he or she may have any of the following:

How is a concussion diagnosed?

Your child's healthcare provider will examine your child. He or she will ask about your child's injury and symptoms. Your child may need any of the following:

How is a concussion managed?

Concussion symptoms usually go away without treatment within 2 weeks. The following can help you manage your child's symptoms:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

How can I help my child prevent another concussion?

A concussion that happens before the brain heals can cause a condition called second impact syndrome (SIS). SIS can cause your child's brain to swell. Even after your child's brain heals, more concussions increase the risk for health problems later. The following can help prevent another concussion:

Where can I find more information?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.