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Anemia is a low number of red blood cells or a low amount of hemoglobin in your red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a protein that helps carry oxygen throughout your body. Red blood cells use iron to create hemoglobin.


Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Follow-up testing will be need to find out the type of anemia you have and proper treatment. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Iron or folic acid supplements may be suggested by your healthcare provider. Take only what your healthcare provider prescribes. Too much of the supplements may damage your organs.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Prevent anemia:

Eat healthy foods rich in iron and vitamin C. Healthy foods include fruits, leafy-green vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, and fish. Vitamin C and lean meats help your body absorb iron. Foods rich in vitamin C include oranges and other citrus fruits. Ask your healthcare provider or dietitian for a list of other foods that are high in iron or vitamin C. Ask if you need to be on a special diet.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • Your symptoms are worse, even after treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You have bloody bowel movements.
  • You have severe chest pain.
  • You lose consciousness.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.